TiVo, Inc. v. EchoStar Corp., No. 09-1374 (Fed. Cir. 2011)Annotate this Case
After a jury found willful patent violation, the district court entered an injunction ordering the defendant to stop making, using, and offering infringing television broadcast receivers (infringement provision) and to disable the DVR functionality in existing receivers (disablement provision). The Federal Circuit remanded, noting that the injunction would be in effect after its decision. The district court found the defendant in contempt. The Federal Circuit vacated in part, first rejecting the "two-step" process for evaluating contempt of patent injunctions. A district court, familiar with underlying parties and issues, has broad discretion in deciding to hold contempt proceedings. The court vacated the holding of contempt of the infringement provision and, in part, the damages awarded for continued infringement and remanded. The defendant's diligence and good faith efforts are not a defense to contempt, but the district court applied the wrong test. Proper analysis requires focus on the differences between the features relied upon to establish infringement and the modified features of the newly accused products. The court affirmed the finding of contempt of the disablement provision and related sanctions, rejecting claims of vagueness and overbreadth.
The court issued a subsequent related opinion or order on May 10, 2011.