Conde Quevedo v. Barr, No. 18-70078 (9th Cir. 2020)Annotate this Case
Petitioner, a citizen of Guatemala, sought review of the BIA's denial of withholding of removal based on the agency's conclusion that the record does not establish that Guatemalan society recognizes "people who report the criminal activity of gangs to police" as a distinct social group.
The Ninth Circuit held that it lacked jurisdiction to review petitioner's renewed argument concerning relief under the Convention Against Torture, because the panel expressly disposed of the issue in a prior petition for review and the issue was not currently under consideration.
The panel also held that substantial evidence supported the BIA's conclusion that the record was devoid of any society specific evidence, such as country reports, background documents, or news articles, which would establish that persons who report the criminal activity of gangs to the police are perceived or recognized as a group by society in Guatemala. The panel explained that, although the record contained two State Department Human Rights Reports and a Congressional Research Service report, none of those documents discussed reporting gang violence to police, or any risks or barriers associated with doing so. Furthermore, the documents did not assert that Guatemalan society recognizes those who, without more, report gang violence as a distinct group. Furthermore, the testimony failed to support a finding of social recognition. Accordingly, the panel dismissed in part and denied in part.