TIMOTHY BARRY V. J. BISHOP, No. 13-16989 (9th Cir. 2015)

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FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS NOV 25 2015 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT TIMOTHY DEMOND BARRY, Plaintiff - Appellant, v. J. BISHOP; N. ALBONICO, Defendants - Appellees. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. 13-16989 D.C. No. 2:08-cv-01722-PMP-GWF MEMORANDUM* Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California Philip M. Pro, Senior District Judge, Presiding Argued and Submitted November 17, 2015 San Francisco, California Before: FERNANDEZ and M. SMITH, Circuit Judges, and MORRIS,** District Judge. Timothy Demond Barry, a California prison inmate, appeals the district court’s summary judgment in favor of prison officials, Sergeant Nickolus Albonico and Lieutenant Jason Bishop, in Barry’s action against them under 42 U.S.C. * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3. ** The Honorable Brian M. Morris, District Judge for the U.S. District Court for the District of Montana, sitting by designation. § 1983 for violation of his rights under the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. We affirm. Barry asserts that Albonico and Bishop used excessive force against him after Albonico ordered an on-the-spot search of all of the approximately one hundred inmates in an exercise yard where one inmate had been chased down and stabbed to death. We disagree. While the vast majority of inmates complied, Barry refused to comply with a public search as opposed to one in private. Albonico directed that Barry be restrained (which included his being cuffed and placed on his knees) and watched over by other officers until the search of the other inmates was completed. While kneeling, Barry suffered burns to his knees. The district court did not err when it determined that Albonico had not used excessive force1 when he ordered that Barry be restrained on his knees pending the search of the other inmates. The evidence presented by Barry was insufficient to permit a reasonable trier of fact2 to determine that Albonico had demonstrated a 1 See Whitley v. Albers, 475 U.S. 312, 319, 106 S. Ct. 1078, 1084, 89 L. Ed. 2d 251 (1986); see also Hudson v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1, 6–7, 112 S. Ct. 995, 998–99, 117 L. Ed. 2d 156 (1992). 2 See Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 247, 250–51, 106 S. Ct. 2505, 2511–12, 91 L. Ed. 2d 202 (1986); Lemire v. Cal. Dep’t of Corr. & Rehab., 726 F.3d 1062, 1074 (9th Cir. 2013). 2 “‘knowing willingness that [harm] occur,’”3 or applied force “‘for the very purpose of causing harm,’”4 as opposed to “‘a good faith effort to maintain or restore discipline.’”5 To the extent that Barry then asserts that excessive force was used when he was required to keep kneeling even though he was suffering undue pain and harm to his knees, the evidence will not support a determination that Albonico, as opposed to his subordinates,6 was aware of that. Moreover, to the extent that Barry now seeks to have the whole incident analyzed under the deliberate indifference standard, he did not plead that theory,7 and, in any event, that standard is not the proper one to use in the exigencies of this prison disturbance situation.8 And to the extent that Barry now asserts that there was deliberate indifference in failing to obtain medical care for him after the yard incident ended, there was no 3 Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 836, 114 S. Ct. 1970, 1978, 128 L. Ed. 2d 811 (1994); see also Hudson, 503 U.S. at 7, 112 S. Ct. at 999. 4 Furnace v. Sullivan, 705 F.3d 1021, 1028 (9th Cir. 2013). 5 Id. 6 See Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1989); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 675–76, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1948, 173 L. Ed. 2d 868 (2009). 7 See Thomas v. Ponder, 611 F.3d 1144, 1150–51 (9th Cir. 2010); Jett v. Penner, 439 F.3d 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006). 8 See Whitley, 475 U.S. at 320, 106 S. Ct. at 1084; cf. Johnson v. Lewis, 217 F.3d 726, 734 (9th Cir. 2000) (inmates unnecessarily kept in inhumane situation for days). 3 evidence to support a determination that Albonico was responsible for that.9 What we have said regarding Albonico applies also to Bishop, with the further reflection that there is even less evidence from which a reasonable trier of fact could conclude that Bishop had any knowledge of the yard incident that harmed Barry while it was proceeding.10 AFFIRMED. 9 Because we find no violation, we need not, and do not, address qualified immunity. See Pearson v. Callahan, 555 U.S. 223, 232, 236, 129 S. Ct. 808, 815–16, 818, 172 L. Ed. 2d 565 (2009). 10 To the extent that Barry now asserts that we should reverse for an alleged violation of Eastern District of California Local Rule 133(j), we disagree. That issue was not brought to the attention of the district court. See Smith v. Marsh, 194 F.3d 1045, 1052 (9th Cir. 1999); Crawford v. Lungren, 96 F.3d 380, 389 n.6 (9th Cir. 1996). Moreover, Barry has not shown any prejudice arising from the claimed violation. 4