United States v. Aifang Ye, No. 12-10576 (9th Cir. 2015)Annotate this Case
Defendant appealed her convictions relating to the provision of false information on a passport application in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1542, arguing that the district court’s jury instructions erroneously failed to condition her convictions on a finding that she intended to violate the passport laws. The court joined its sister circuits and held that a conviction under the first paragraph of 18 U.S.C. 1542 does not require specific intent. Because all of defendant's arguments about purported flaws in the jury instructions depend on the notion that specific intent is required by section 1542, her arguments fail. The court also concluded, under United States v. Nazemian, that defendant's Confrontation Clause rights were not violated when the government introduced translated statements without calling the translators to testify. Accordingly, the court affirmed the judgment.