VHC, Inc. v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, No. 18-3717 (7th Cir. 2020)Annotate this Case
For more than a decade, Van Den Heuvel received cash payments from VHC, a company founded by his father and owned by his family. These payments primarily supported Ron’s business ventures but also helped him pay personal taxes and cover other personal expenses. Ron did not pay VHC back. The company wrote down these payments as “bad debts” for which it received tax deductions. After a years-long audit, the IRS concluded that VHC never intended to be paid back and that these payments were not bona fide debts qualifying for the deduction under either 26 U.S.C 166 or 162.
The Tax Court upheld this determination and rejected VHC’s alternative theories as to why the payments qualified for a deduction. The Seventh Circuit affirmed.VHC bears the burden of demonstrating that its payments to Ron were bona fide debts that arose from a debtor-creditor relationship in which it expected Ron to pay VHC back in full. VHC has not shown that it presented such evidence to the Tax Court or that the Tax Court made grave errors in its evaluation of the evidence.