USA v. Justin Morales, No. 15-11203 (5th Cir. 2016)

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Case: 15-11203 Document: 00513809780 Page: 1 Date Filed: 12/22/2016 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 15-11203 Summary Calendar FILED December 22, 2016 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee v. JUSTIN BENEDICT MORALES, Defendant-Appellant Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas USDC No. 6:15-CR-20-1 Before DAVIS, SOUTHWICK, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Justin Benedict Morales appeals his within-guidelines sentence of 235 months following his guilty plea conviction for transportation of child pornography in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1). Morales argues that the district court imposed an unreasonable sentence of 235 months by applying the child pornography guideline enhancements of U.S.S.G. § 2G2.2 for use of a computer and possession of more than 600 images. He contends that these Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. * Case: 15-11203 Document: 00513809780 Page: 2 Date Filed: 12/22/2016 No. 15-11203 enhancements are not supported by empirical evidence and do not distinguish between varying levels of culpability among offenders. We review sentences for reasonableness, in light of the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors, under an abuse of discretion standard. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 49-51 (2007). A within-guidelines sentence is entitled to a presumption of reasonableness. See Rita v. United States, 551 U.S. 338, 347 (2007). “The presumption is rebutted only upon a showing that the sentence does not account for a factor that should receive significant weight, it gives significant weight to an irrelevant or improper factor, or it represents a clear error of judgment in balancing sentencing factors.” United States v. Cooks, 589 F.3d 173, 186 (5th Cir. 2009). Morales’s claim that § 2G2.2 lacks an empirical basis, and, therefore, fails to distinguish between the least culpable and most culpable defendants, is foreclosed by our precedent. See United States v. Miller, 665 F.3d 114, 121– 22 (5th Cir. 2011). Arguing that his sentence is substantively unreasonable, Morales contends that although these enhancements may be appropriate in egregious cases, their application resulted in an unreasonably long sentence under the facts of his case. He contends that the district court failed to recognize the specific circumstances of his case and abused its discretion by failing to impose a below-guidelines sentence. He argues that these enhancements have little or no value in determining a sentence that is sufficient but not greater than necessary to achieve the sentencing goals of § 3553(a). Further, he argues that the facts of his offense suggest a lower culpability than that suggested by the guideline range. The district court considered Morales’s personal history and characteristics and the other statutory sentencing factors in § 3553(a). 2 Case: 15-11203 Document: 00513809780 Page: 3 Date Filed: 12/22/2016 No. 15-11203 Morales’s disagreement with the district court’s weighing of the § 3553(a) factors is insufficient to rebut the presumption of reasonableness that attaches to a within-guidelines sentence. See Cooks, 589 F.3d at 186. He has not demonstrated that the district court abused its discretion by sentencing him to a within-guidelines sentence of 235 months. See Gall, 552 U.S. at 51. The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED. 3