In Re: Vitamin C Antitrust Litig., No. 13-4791 (2d Cir. 2016)Annotate this Case
A multi-district antitrust class action was brought by plaintiffs against defendants, entities incorporated under the laws of China, alleging that defendants conspired to fix the price and supply of vitamin C sold to U.S. companies on the international market in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. 1, and Sections 4 and 16 of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C. 4, 16. Defendants challenge the district court's denial of their initial motion to dismiss, denial of a subsequent motion for summary judgment, and, after a jury trial, an entry of judgment awarding plaintiffs $147 million in damages and enjoining defendants from engaging in future anti-competitive behavior. The court held that the district court erred in denying defendants' motion to dismiss. In this case, because the Chinese Government filed a formal statement in the district court asserting that Chinese law required defendants to set prices and reduce quantities of vitamin C sold abroad, and because defendants could not simultaneously comply with Chinese law and U.S. antitrust laws, the principles of international comity required the district court to abstain from exercising jurisdiction in this case. Accordingly, the court vacated the judgment, reversed the district court's order denying defendants' motion to dismiss, and remanded for further proceedings.