Newdow v. United States, No. 13-4049 (2d Cir. 2014)Annotate this Case
Appellants appealed from the district court's dismissal of their claims under the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause, as well as the Religions Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA), 42 U.S.C. 2000bb. Appellants challenged two statutory provisions, 31 U.S.C. 5112(d)(1) and 5114(b), which require that the country's motto, "In God We Trust," be placed on all coinage and paper currency. Joining its sister circuits, the court held that sections 5112(d)(1) and 5114(b) do not violate the Establishment Clause, the Free Exercise Clause, or RFRA because the statutes at issue have a secular purpose and neither advance nor inhibit religion and appellants have failed to identify a substantial burden upon their religious practices or beliefs. The court considered appellants' remaining arguments and found them to be without merit. Accordingly, the court affirmed the judgment of the district court.