Edward S. Locascio v. Florida Department of Corrections, et al., No. 15-12425 (11th Cir. 2017)

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Case: 15-12425 Date Filed: 05/03/2017 Page: 1 of 4 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 15-12425 Non-Argument Calendar ________________________ D.C. Docket No. 1:14-cv-22767-MGC EDWARD S. LOCASCIO, Petitioner-Appellant, versus FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS, ATTORNEY GENERAL, STATE OF FLORIDA, Respondents-Appellees. ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida ________________________ (May 3, 2017) Before WILSON, JORDAN, and ROSENBAUM, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Case: 15-12425 Date Filed: 05/03/2017 Page: 2 of 4 Edward Locascio, a Florida prisoner, appeals pro se the district court’s dismissal of his petition for a writ of habeas corpus filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. A certificate of appealability was granted on the following issue: Whether the district court violated Clisby v. Jones, 960 F.2d 925 (11th Cir. 1992) (en banc), by not addressing the timeliness arguments that Locascio raised in his reply to the state’s response and his objections to the report and recommendation. After a careful review of the record and the parties’ briefs, we affirm. We review de novo a district court’s legal conclusions in § 2254 proceedings, and we review its findings of fact for clear error. Osborne v. Terry, 466 F.3d 1298, 1304–05 (11th Cir. 2006). The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 imposes a oneyear statute of limitations on a state prisoner’s § 2254 habeas petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). The one-year limitations period is subject to equitable tolling, which applies when a petitioner untimely files because of “extraordinary circumstances that are both beyond his control and unavoidable even with diligence.” See Steed v. Head, 219 F.3d 1298, 1300 (11th Cir. 2000) (internal quotation marks omitted). In Clisby, we instructed district courts to resolve all constitutional claims for relief raised in a habeas petition prior to granting or denying relief. See Clisby, 960 F.2d at 936. If the district court does not address all such claims prior to issuing judgment, we “will vacate the district court’s judgment without prejudice and remand the case for consideration of all remaining claims . . . .” Id. at 938. In 2 Case: 15-12425 Date Filed: 05/03/2017 Page: 3 of 4 Long, we considered whether Clisby applied in a case where the district court dismissed a § 2255 motion as untimely, but failed to address the defendant’s equitable tolling claim. See Long v. United States, 626 F.3d 1167, 1168–69 (11th Cir. 2010) (per curiam). We held that the district court violated Clisby when it failed to address the defendant’s claim for statutory tolling. See id. at 1170. We noted that “the district court must create a record that will facilitate meaningful appellate review of the correctness of the procedural ruling . . . .” Id. In this case, the district sufficiently examined Locascio’s equitable tolling claim to comply with Clisby. While Locascio did not raise a claim of equitable tolling until after the report and recommendation, the magistrate judge did address a possible claim of equitable tolling. The magistrate judge, in reviewing Locascio’s motion to amend the Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.850 motion, found that Locascio filed the motion only to comply with time limitations, as Locascio did not attach a proposed amended motion or discuss the issues he wanted to raise. The magistrate judge noted that Locascio waited over a year-and-a-half to file his amended motion. Thus the magistrate judge found that Locascio failed to exercise due diligence in pursuing collateral relief. Although Locascio later argued that extraordinary circumstances prevented him from filing a timely motion to amend, the magistrate judge’s finding that Locascio failed to exercise due diligence, and the district court’s later adoption of that finding, was dispositive as to Locascio’s 3 Case: 15-12425 Date Filed: 05/03/2017 Page: 4 of 4 claim of equitable tolling. See Steed, 219 F.3d at 1300. The district court’s finding regarding due diligence was sufficient to develop meaningful appellate review and to comply with Clisby. See Long, 626 F.3d at 1170. AFFIRMED. 4

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