United States v. Davis, No. 15-10927 (11th Cir. 2016)Annotate this Case
Defendants were charged and found guilty of several counts in an eight-count superseding indictment. The verdict forms that were given to the jury mistakenly listed one of the counts as “robbery” instead of “using a firearm during and in relation to [a robbery].” After the district court learned of the error, it gave the parties notice and amended the judgments under Rule 36 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. However, defendants argue that the amendment was improper and that the original (erroneous) judgments should be reinstated, consistent with what the jurors found. Applying the district court's application of Rule 36 de novo, the court concluded that, consistent with its analysis in United States v. Diaz, the verdict form error was harmless on the facts of this case, and amending the judgments that were based on those verdict forms is the sort of clerical correction contemplated by Rule 36. Accordingly, the court affirmed the judgment.