2021 First Circuit US Court of Appeals Case Law

United States v. Stepanets
Date: February 26, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-1471, 19-1600, 19-1595
Molina-Diaz v. Rosen  
Date: February 25, 2021
Docket Number: 15-2321

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit vacated the order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) affirming the order of the immigration judge (IJ) denying Petitioner's application for withholding of removal, holding that the IJ and BIA mad...

Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head  
Date: February 25, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-1661, 19-1922, 19-1857, 19-1729

Justia Opinion Summary: In this litigation surrounding the development of a gaming facility on the trust lands of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, the Wampanoag Tribal Council of Gay Head, Inc., and the Aquinnah Wampanoag Gaming Corporation (co...

Kelley v. United States  
Date: February 25, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1932

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court denying Appellant's petition to vacate his conviction and sentence stemming from a 2003 plea agreement for being a felon in possession of a firearm, holding t...

United States v. Alexandre  
Date: February 25, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2047

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction in the United States District Court for the District of Maine for possessing a firearm in furtherance of drug trafficking, holding that the district court did not err in...

US v. Frederickson
Date: February 25, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1033
Morales-Figueroa v. Valdes, D.C.  
Date: February 25, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1092

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment of the district court taxing Appellant with costs related to expert witnesses used at a jury trial that Appellant lost in his medical malpractice suit...

United States v. Centeno-Gonzalez  
Date: February 24, 2021
Docket Number: 17-1367

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction of unlawful possession of a firearm, holding that there was no error in the proceedings below. Law enforcement officers stopped Defendant as he drove by in a vehicle tha...

United States v. Torres-Monje  
Date: February 24, 2021
Docket Number: 17-2163

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction for possession of child pornography, holding that the Government's evidence was sufficient to convict Defendant. The district court denied Defendant's motions for judgme...

Comcast of Maine/New Hampshire v. Mills  
Date: February 24, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1104

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court granting a preliminary injunction against enforcement against a State of Maine law requiring cable operators to offer their subscribers the option of buying a...

Stuart v. City of Framingham, Massachusetts  
Date: February 24, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1135

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the decision of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of Defendants, the City of Framingham and Brian Simoneau, in this lawsuit raising Massachusetts Whistleblower Act claims an...

Jackson v. ING Bank, FSB  
Date: February 22, 2021
Docket Number: 17-9002

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the decision of the bankruptcy court declaring a foreclosure void and awarding Appellant damages but denying relief on her remaining claims, holding that Appellant's challenges on appeal were e...

Oliveira v. Wilkinson  
Date: February 22, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1258

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit vacated the order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) affirming the determination of an immigration judge (IJ) that Petitioners, a husband and wife who were natives and citizens of Brazil, were no...

United States v. Rivera  
Date: February 22, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1340

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit reversed the decision of the district court granting Defendant's motion to suppress the evidence discovered during an inventory search of a vehicle that a Massachusetts State Police trooper stopped on a...

United States v. Rogers  
Date: February 19, 2021
Docket Number: 18-2097

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court revoking Defendant's supervised release and sentencing him to six months of imprisonment and an additional eight years of supervised release, holding that Def...

Alston v. Town of Brookline, Massachusetts  
Date: February 19, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1434

Justia Opinion Summary: In this civil rights action alleging violations of 42 U.S.C. 1981, 1983, and 1985, the First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court dismissing with prejudice Plaintiff's claims against Stanley Spiegel and la...

United States v. Gonzalez-Flores  
Date: February 18, 2021
Docket Numbers: 18-1607, 19-1118

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's sentence for possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, holding that the district court did not err in sentencing Defendant but should have provided a sealed copy of the written...

United States v. Maldonado  
Date: February 18, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1525

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit vacated Defendant's sentence and remanded this case for resentencing, holding that the district court must recalculate the Guidelines sentencing range. Defendant pleaded guilty to charges of distributi...

Burnett v. Ocean Properties, Ltd., Burnett v. Ameriport, LLC
Date: February 18, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-2086, 19-2087
Alasaad v. Wolf
Date: February 18, 2021
Docket Numbers: 20-1077, 20-1081
Victim Rights Law Center v. Foundation for Individual Rights in Education  
Date: February 18, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1748

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court denying Appellants' motion to intervene in the underlying suit involving a challenge to the U.S. Department of Education's recent promulgation of a challenged...

Suarez-Torres v. Panaderia y Reposteria Espana, Inc.  
Date: February 17, 2021
Docket Number: 18-1618

Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal arising from a lawsuit brought under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Puerto Rico Civil Rights Act the First Circuit affirmed the decision of the district court denying Plaintiffs' post-ju...

United States v. Tom  
Date: February 17, 2021
Docket Number: 18-1639

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction for possession of a controlled substance with intent to distribute, holding that the district court did not err in concluding that the police officers had reasonable susp...

Emhart Industries, Inc. v. CNA Holdings LLC  
Date: February 17, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1563

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the ruling of the district court approving a consent decree to which Appellants, three companies, were not parties but that had been entered into by certain federal agencies, Emhart Industries,...

Dahua Technology USA, Inc. v. Zhang  
Date: February 17, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1107

Justia Opinion Summary: In this contract dispute under Massachusetts law between Dahua Technology USA Inc. and Feng Zhang, Dahua's former employee, the First Circuit vacated the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of Dahua, hold...

US v. Castillo
Date: February 16, 2021
Docket Number: 18-1966
United States v. Farmer  
Date: February 16, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1603

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction and sentence imposed after he pled guilty to six counts stemming from a robbery of a federal confidential informant during a guns-for-cash deal, holding that Defendant wa...

United States v. Frederickson  
Date: February 16, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1033

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court revoking Defendant's supervised release after he was acquitted of a criminal assault charge arising from the same incident leading to his revocation, holding...

Bryan v. American Airlines, Inc.  
Date: February 16, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1690

Justia Opinion Summary: In this action brought under the Railway Labor Act (RLA), 45 U.S.C. 151 et seq., the First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court dismissing Plaintiff's claim against American Airlines, Inc. and later granti...

Primarque Products Co. v. Williams West & Witt's Products Co.  
Date: February 12, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1463

Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal and cross-appeal stemming from litigation that followed the termination of an almost forty-year business relationship between a company that manufactured and supplied soup base products (Manufacturer) and...

Woo v. Spackman  
Date: February 12, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1527

Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal concerning the scope and reach of 28 U.S.C. 1963 - a statute permitting the registration of certain judgment in a federal district court - the First Circuit affirmed the district court's judgment concludin...

O'Rourke v. Tiffany & Co.  
Date: February 11, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1404

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of Employer and dismissing Employee's claims for retaliation in violation of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), 29 U....

US v. Rougeau
Date: February 9, 2021
Docket Number: 18-1729
Alasaad v. Wolf  
Date: February 9, 2021
Docket Numbers: 20-1077, 20-1081

Justia Opinion Summary: In this civil action brought by plaintiffs seeking to enjoin policies governing searches of electronic devices at the United States' borders, the First Circuit found no violations of either the Fourth Amendment or the Fi...

Zaruma-Guaman v. Wilkinson  
Date: February 9, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1533

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit denied Petitioner's petition for judicial review seeking to set aside the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) affirming the denial of his application for asylum, withholding of removal, a...

Pinto Lugo v. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico  
Date: February 8, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-1181, 19-1160, 19-1182

Justia Opinion Summary: In these three consolidated appeals arising out of the Title III debt-restructuring proceedings brought by the Financial Oversight and Management Board (Board) for Puerto Rico on behalf of the Puerto Rico Sales Tax Finan...

McLaughlin v. Tiverton Town Council
Date: February 8, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1473
Burnett v. Ocean Properties, Ltd.  
Date: February 2, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2086

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court upholding the jury verdict awarding Plaintiff compensatory on his claims of failure to accommodate his disability at work but remitting the jury's punitive da...

Benitez v. Wilkinson  
Date: January 28, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1541

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit granted Petitioner's petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' (BIA) denial of his motion to reopen his removal proceedings and to remand to the immigration judge (IJ) for further conside...

United States v. Cruz-Ramos  
Date: January 27, 2021
Docket Number: 18-1569

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court convicting Defendant of committing, or aiding and abetting others in committing, the crimes of RICO conspiracy, drug conspiracy, and other crimes, holding tha...

Hernandez v. Wilkinson  
Date: January 27, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1711

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment to the government on all of Plaintiff's claims, holding that summary judgment was properly granted on Plaintiff's sex discrimination an...

United States v. Aybar-Ulloa  
Date: January 25, 2021
Docket Number: 15-2377

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction for two counts of drug trafficking in international waters while aboard a stateless vessel in violation of the Maritime Drug Law Enforcement Act (MDLEA), 46 U.S.C. 70501-...

Nandjou v. Marriott Int'l, Inc.
Date: January 25, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2189
US v. Abell
Date: January 25, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1120
Securities & Exchange Commission v. Johnston  
Date: January 22, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2264

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the district court's denial of Defendant's motion for judgment as a matter of law and for a new trial in this civil enforcement action brought by the Securities and Exchange Commission, holding...

Shurtleff v. City of Boston  
Date: January 22, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1158

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of the City of Boston and the Commissioner of Boston's Property Management Department (collectively, the City) as to Plaintiff...

White v. Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co.
Date: January 20, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1696
New Hampshire Lottery Commission v. Rosen  
Date: January 20, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1835

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit held that the Wire Act's prohibitions are limited to interstate wire communications related to bets or wagers on sporting events or contests, thus affirming the district court's grant of Plaintiffs' mot...

US v. Mumme
Date: January 20, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1983
In Re: App for an Order v.
Date: January 20, 2021
Docket Numbers: 20-1239, 20-1241
Feliciano-Rodriguez v. United States  
Date: January 19, 2021
Docket Number: 15-1964

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the district court's denial of Petitioner's petition under 28 U.S.C. 2255 to vacate his sentence on the basis that he received ineffective assistance of counsel regarding his rejection of a ple...

Justiniano v. Walker  
Date: January 19, 2021
Docket Number: 18-2015

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgments of the lower courts dismissing Plaintiff's wrongful death and civil rights claims against the Superintendent of the Massachusetts State Police Colonel Timothy Alben for failure to...

QBE Seguros v. Morales-Vazquez  
Date: January 19, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1503

Justia Opinion Summary: In this dispute between a boat owner and his insurance company, the First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court in favor of the insurer, holding that the district court properly applied the doctrine of uber...

Bayley's Campground Inc. v. Mills  
Date: January 19, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1559

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the decision of the district court refusing to enter Plaintiffs' requested preliminary injunction, holding that the district court correctly held that Plaintiffs failed to demonstrate a likelih...

United States v. Flores-Quinones  
Date: January 15, 2021
Docket Numbers: 18-2029, 18-2030

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's sentences imposed in connection with his guilty plea to being a felon in possession of a firearm, holding that the sentences were procedurally and substantively reasonable. Defenda...

Nandjou v. Marriott International, Inc.  
Date: January 15, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2189

Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal arising out of a lawsuit for damages that Plaintiff brought against three defendants in connection with the drowning deaths of her husband and son, the First Circuit reversed the judgment of the district c...

United States v. Abell  
Date: January 15, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1120

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the district court's order granting the government's request to garnish Appellant's husband's 401(k) account and apply the proceeds to his nearly four million dollar criminal restitution obliga...

Porsche Automobile Holding SE v. John Hancock Life Insurance Co.  
Date: January 15, 2021
Docket Numbers: 20-1239, 20-1241

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the decisions of the district court in these appeals challenging the court's discretionary rulings in connection with a request under 28 U.S.C. 1782 to conduct court-ordered discovery for use i...

Union de Trabajadores de la Industria Electrica y Riego v. Ortiz Vazquez  
Date: January 15, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1332

Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal from the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA) Title III court in Puerto Rico the First Circuit affirmed the dismissal of Petitioner's mandamus petition for failure to sta...

US v. Karani
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1031
United States v. Quiles-Lopez  
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-1379, 19-1380

Justia Opinion Summary: In this consolidated appeal brought by Appellant to contest the sentences he received in two separate cases, the First Circuit affirmed the sentences, holding that there was no error or abuse of discretion. In the first...

United States v. Patrone  
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1486

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction of one count of conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute drugs and one count of possessing a firearm as an alien unlawfully present in the United St...

United States v. Santa-Soler  
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-1562, 19-1565

Justia Opinion Summary: In these consolidated appeals the First Circuit affirmed Defendant's sentence imposed following his conviction on the charge of being a felon in possession of a firearm and Defendant's sentence imposed following the revo...

United States v. Ouellette  
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2092

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's sentence imposed in connection with his plea of guilty to one count of possession of a firearm by a felon, holding that the sentence was reasonable. After Defendant pleaded guilty,...

United States v. Estes  
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Number: 19-2111

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the decision of the district court granting the government's motion in limine to admit a recording of a 911 call placed by Defendant's girlfriend, holding that the Confrontation Clause was not...

Hernandez-Gotay v. United States  
Date: January 14, 2021
Docket Numbers: 19-2236, 20-1084

Justia Opinion Summary: In these consolidated cases, the First Circuit affirmed the decision of the district court rejecting Plaintiffs' suits seeking to enjoin the enforcement of Section 12616 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, which...

White v. Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co.  
Date: January 13, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1696

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment against Matthew White and for Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HP), White's former employer, on White's claims based on Maine employment law...

United States v. Mumme  
Date: January 13, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1983

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction of possession of child pornography and sentence of ninety-six months' imprisonment followed by lifetime supervised release, holding that Defendant's arguments on appeal w...

Fagre v. Parks  
Date: January 13, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1343

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment against Plaintiff, acting as the personal representative of the estate of Ambrosia Fagre (Amber), on claims related to Amber's death, h...

IDS Property Casualty Insurance Co. v. Government Employees Insurance Co.  
Date: January 13, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1407

Justia Opinion Summary: In this insurance dispute, the First Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment to Ameriprise Auto & Home Insurance, holding that the arguments on appeal brought by Government Employees Insurance Com...

Al Amiri v. Rosen  
Date: January 11, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1447

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit vacated and remanded the ruling of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) denying Petitioner's claims for asylum and withholding of removal, holding that substantial evidence did not support the BIA's f...

Avendano v. Balza  
Date: January 11, 2021
Docket Number: 20-1251

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court denying Mother's petition under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction for return of her son (Child) to Venezuela from the...

Aguasvivas v. Pompeo  
Date: January 7, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1937

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court granting Petitioner's habeas corpus petition after the Dominican Republic requested Petitioner for extradition, holding that the United States failed to file...

United States v. Karani  
Date: January 4, 2021
Docket Number: 19-1031

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant's conviction of two counts of making false statements during the purchase of a firearm and one count of making a false statement in a record required to be kept by federal law, holdin...