Robert Dewey Glock, Petitioner-appellant, v. Harry K. Singletary, Respondent-appellee, 84 F.3d 385 (11th Cir. 1996)

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US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit - 84 F.3d 385 (11th Cir. 1996)

May 15, 1996. Rehearing and Suggestion for Rehearing En Banc Denied July 18, 1996

Martin J. McClain, Chief Assistant Capital Collateral Representative, Gail E. Anderson, Office of the Capital Collateral Representative, Tallahassee, Florida, for Appellant.

Robert J. Landry, Assistant Attorney General, Department of Legal Affairs, Tampa, Florida, for Appellee.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida.

Before TJOFLAT, Chief Judge, and KRAVITCH and HATCHETT, Circuit Judges.


In Glock v. Singletary, 36 F.3d 1014 (11th Cir. 1994), we rejected petitioner's constitutional attacks on his first degree murder conviction but directed that the writ issue with respect to his sentence, concluding that under Espinosa v. Florida, 505 U.S. 1079, 112 S. Ct. 2926, 120 L. Ed. 2d 854 (1992), petitioner was entitled to a new sentencing proceeding. The en banc court disagreed with our conclusion, finding that petitioner's Espinosa claim was barred by the nonretroactivity principle of Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, 109 S. Ct. 1060, 103 L. Ed. 2d 334 (1989). We now address petitioner's remaining attacks on his capital sentence.

Petitioner claims that his sentence should be set aside because (1) the trial court refused to sever his sentencing proceeding from his co-defendant's, thereby depriving him of individualized sentencing;1  (2) the trial court failed to find three non-statutory mitigating circumstances; (3) the trial court's charge to the jury shifted to petitioner the burden of proof on the appropriateness of the death sentence; (4) the trial court's charge to the jury "diluted" the jury's sense of responsibility for the sentence petitioner would receive; and (5) petitioner's attorney rendered ineffective assistance of counsel in failing to discover through routine investigation mitigating evidence and to present that evidence at the separate sentencing proceedings before the jury and the court.

We find no merit in the first four claims and therefore affirm the district court's denial of relief thereon. Petitioner's fifth claim has heretofore been resolved on the record, without an evidentiary hearing. The district court, echoing the Florida courts, Glock v. Dugger, 537 So. 2d 99 (Fla.1989), rejected this claim as meritless on its face. See Glock, 36 F.3d at 1020. We conclude that the claim is not meritless on its face; hence, an evidentiary hearing must be held to resolve the historical facts concerning counsel's performance and the mitigating evidence that petitioner contends should have been presented.

We therefore remand the case for an evidentiary hearing, and findings of fact and conclusions of law, on petitioner's ineffective assistance of counsel claim.



All of petitioner's claims are brought under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments