Larry Pratt, Petitioner-appellant, v. Eddie Ylst, Warden; Attorney General of the State Ofcalifornia, Respondents-appellees, 83 F.3d 428 (9th Cir. 1996)Annotate this Case
Before: HALL, THOMPSON, and RYMER, Circuit Judges.
California state prisoner Larry Pratt appeals pro se the district court's denial of his habeas corpus petition. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1291, 2253. We review de novo, Calderon v. Prunty, 59 F.3d 1005, 1008 (9th Cir. 1995), and vacate and remand for failure to exhaust state remedies.
A petitioner satisfies the exhaustion requirement if he fairly presents his habeas claims to the state's highest court. Picard v. Conner, 404 U.S. 270, 275 (1971); see also Duncan v. Henry, 115 S. Ct. 887, 888 (1995). A claim is fairly presented if the petitioner has described the operative facts and legal theories on which his claim is based. Picard, 404 U.S. at 277-78. A district court must dismiss without prejudice a "mixed" habeas petition containing both exhausted and unexhausted claims. Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 516 (1982); Guizar v. Estelle, 843 F.2d 371, 372 (9th Cir. 1988).
Although Pratt filed a habeas corpus petition with the California Supreme Court, he did not allege that the Parole Board violated his due process rights by relying on a "confidential memorandum" when it rescinded his parole date. Pratt has not presented California's highest court with the operative facts or legal theory of the due process claim that he raised in the district court. See Picard, 404 U.S. at 277-78. Accordingly, we remand to the district court with instructions to enter an order dismissing the habeas corpus petition without prejudice unless Pratt amends his petition to present exhausted claims only. See Rose, 455 U.S. at 516; Guizar, 843 F.2d at 372.
VACATED and REMANDED.