Frances K. Ingram, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Morgan State University; the Boys' Latin School Ofmaryland, Incorporated; Bryn Mawr School; Calvert School;capitol Hill Day School, Incorporated; Garrison Forestschool, Incorporated; Glenelg County School; Green Acresschool; Gilman School, Incorporated; Holten Arms School;holy Trinity Episcopal Day School; Key School,incorporated; Landon School, Incorporated; Mcdonoughschool; Norwood School Incorporated; Park School Ofbaltimore; Queen Anne School; Roland Park County School,incorporated; Sandy Spring Friends School, Incorporated;sheridan School; Sidwell Friends School; St. Andrew'sepiscopal School, Incorporated; St. Paul's School,incorporated; St. Paul's School for Girls; Nationalcathedral; Association of Independent Maryland Schools,incorporated; Baltimore Educational Scholarship Trust,defendants-appellees, 74 F.3d 1232 (4th Cir. 1996)

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U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit - 74 F.3d 1232 (4th Cir. 1996)

Submitted Nov. 14, 1995. Decided Jan. 16, 1996

Frances K. Ingram, Appellant Pro Se. John Joseph Curran, Jr., Attorney General, Mark Jason Davis, Assistant Attorney General, Baltimore, Maryland; Thomas Dennehy Washburne, Sr., OBER, KALER, GRIMES & SHRIVER, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellees.

Before HALL, WILKINSON, and HAMILTON, Circuit Judges.



Appellant appeals from the district court's order dismissing her claims for lack of standing and failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. We have reviewed the record and the district court's opinion and find no reversible error. The district court correctly determined that the Appellant lacked standing to assert a claim against twenty-five of the twenty-eight Defendants. As to the other three Defendants, we find that Appellant has failed to make the requisite prima facie case for any of her claims. Her Title VII and 42 U.S.C.A. Sec. 1981 (West 1994) claims fail to meet this standard because Appellant has not alleged that she applied and was qualified for a particular job or that the Defendants continued to seek applicants of her qualifications after her rejection. 42 U.S.C.A. Sec. 2000e-2 (West 1994); McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792, 802 (1973). Her Title VI claim fails because Appellant has not alleged that the Defendants receive federal financial assistance for the primary purpose of employment, or that she was the intended beneficiary of any such assistance. 42 U.S.C. § 2000d-3 (1988); Soberal-Perez v. Heckler, 717 F.2d 36, 38 (2d Cir. 1983). Finally, her equal protection claim fails because the hiring decisions of private institutions do not constitute state action. See Peterson v. City of Greenville, 373 U.S. 244, 247 (1963). Therefore, we affirm the district court's order.

In light of this disposition, Appellees' motion to strike is denied as moot. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the Court and argument would not aid the decisional process.* 



We find that the failure to give Appellant proper notice under Roseboro v. Garrison, 528 F.2d 309 (4th Cir. 1975), was, at most, harmless error because the error did not affect Appellant's substantial rights. See United States v. Nyman, 649 F.2d 208, 211 (4th Cir. 1988). For the same reason, the failure to rule on Appellant's motion for default judgment was harmless error