Danny R. Sanders, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Susan Mcelroy, Correctional Officer; S. Bray, Correctionallieutenant; M. Leatherman, Correctionallieutenant, Defendants-appellees, 28 F.3d 108 (9th Cir. 1994)Annotate this Case
Before: HUG, D.W. NELSON and FERNANDEZ, Circuit Judges.
California state prisoner Danny R. Sanders appeals pro se the district court's judgment, following a bench trial, in favor of prison officials in Sanders's action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that his First Amendment rights were violated when correctional officers seized and misplaced Sanders's papers. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.
Sanders contends that the district court erred in excluding evidence consisting of "documents governing rules, regulations and policy ... which consisted of the California Department of Corrections Operation Manual." In its memorandum and decision, the district court did indeed consider and cite the Department of Corrections regulations. The district court, therefore, did not err.
This court will not ordinarily review issues not properly presented below. Willard v. California, 812 F.2d 461, 465 (9th Cir. 1987). Sanders contends that the district court based its factual findings on perjured testimony of the prison officials. Sanders attempts to prove this perjury by submitting three sets of interrogatories which are not part of the record before this court. We decline to consider Sanders' allegations of perjury which are based on evidence outside the record and which were not raised as an issue before the trial court. See id.
Sanders contends that the district court erred in applying federal law rather than state law in resolving his allegations of civil rights violations. To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, Sanders must prove that prison officials were (1) "acting under color of state law [and] (2) committed an act that deprive [him] of some right, privilege, or immunity protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States." Redman v. County of San Diego, 942 F.2d 1435, 1439 (9th Cir. 1991), cert. denied, 112 S. Ct. 972 (1992). Therefore, the district court properly applied federal law rather than state law. Moreover, the record clearly shows that the district court referenced California state law, at least as far as the applicable prison regulations were concerned, and correctly determined that there was no violation of Sanders' rights under the United States Constitution.