Chris Hargis, Plaintiff-appellant, v. John Braese, Correctional Officer; Kevin Castiglione,disciplinary Hearing Officer, Defendants-appellees, 133 F.3d 927 (9th Cir. 1997)Annotate this Case
Before: SNEED, LEAVY, and TROTT, Circuit Judges.
Paul Russell, an Idaho state prisoner, appeals pro se from the district court's dismissal of his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action against prison officials who denied him the opportunity to present evidence at a prison disciplinary hearing at which he was found not guilty of the charges.
State regulations do not afford a prisoner a protected liberty interest entitling him to procedural protections unless the action by prison officials serves to increase his sentence or results in "atypical and significant hardship on the inmate in relation to the ordinary incidents of prison life." Sandin v. O'Conner, 115 S. Ct. 2293, 2300 (1995). Here, Hargis was found not guilty of the charges against him. Accordingly, the prison officials' actions of not allowing Hargis to present exculpatory witness testimony at the hearing neither increased Hargis's sentence nor posed an atypical or significant hardship. See id. We therefore affirm the district court's 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d) dismissal of Hargis's action.