Russell Marshall Boles, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Roy Romer, Governor, State of Colorado, I.m. Governor;aristedes Zavaras, Colorado Department of Corrections, I.m.;paul Optener, Park County, I.m. Sheriff; Fentonsecurities, Inc.; Harvey Dooley; and Kerry Bines,defendants-appellees, 116 F.3d 1489 (10th Cir. 1997)

Annotate this Case
US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit - 116 F.3d 1489 (10th Cir. 1997) June 30, 1997

Before ANDERSON, HENRY, and BRISCOE, Circuit Judges.


After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a); 10th Cir. R. 34.1.9. This cause is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.

Russell Marshall Boles appeals the district court's order dismissing his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action, which raised several claims concerning the conditions of his confinement. He brought the action against the Governor of Colorado and various Department of Corrections officials, including officials at the Park County Detention Center where he is an inmate. The district court dismissed his complaint without prejudice for failure to exhaust administrative remedies. In a document the district court construed as a motion for reconsideration, Mr. Boles argued that officials at Park County Detention Center "have repeatedly told inmates that Department of Corrections rules and procedures do not apply," and that the "Department of Corrections will not respond to complaints by inmates of this facility being it is privately run." R., Tab 6 at 2-3. The district court denied this motion, finding that Mr. Boles presented no new evidence or authority to support reconsideration of its decision, and stating: "Mr. Boles continues to ignore that as an inmate in the custody of the Colorado Department of Corrections he has available to him a grievance procedure. See Colorado Department of Corrections Administrative Regulation 850-4, effective May 15, 1996." R., Tab 12 at 3. On appeal, Mr. Boles restates the arguments raised before the district court in his motion for reconsideration.1 

Under 42 U.S.C. § 1997e, as amended by the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995, " [n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under [42 U.S.C. § 1983], or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correction facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted." 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Construing Mr. Boles' pleadings liberally, as we must, Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972), he has failed to make any colorable argument that he exhausted the Colorado Department of Corrections grievance procedures cited by the district court. Moreover, he cites no authority or facts, other than his own conclusory allegations, to show that the defendants denied him access to those grievance procedures. See Brown v. Zavaras, 63 F.3d 967, 972 (10th Cir. 1995) (conclusory allegations insufficient to state a cause of action); Durre v. Dempsey, 869 F.2d 543, 547 (10th Cir. 1989) ("Plaintiff's conclusory allegation that his status as an indigent prisoner makes the state post-deprivation remedy inadequate failed to state a claim for relief under § 1983.").

Accordingly, the order of the district court dismissing Mr. Boles' claim without prejudice is AFFIRMED.


This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3


The district court also found that Mr. Boles cured any deficiencies in his complaint, and Mr. Boles' arguments that the district court ruled otherwise are misplaced