Maury Hexamer, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Patrick Foreness, et al., Defendants-appellees, 997 F.2d 93 (5th Cir. 1993)

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US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit - 997 F.2d 93 (5th Cir. 1993) July 27, 1993

Maury Hexamer, pro se.

Dane H. Smith, Asst. U.S. Atty., Bob Wortham, U.S. Atty., Tyler, TX, for defendants-appellees.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.

Before WISDOM, JOLLY, and DeMOSS, Circuit Judges.


Following our ruling in her favor, Maury Hexamer filed a motion for attorney's fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412.1  We denied her motion in an unpublished order. Hexamer now asks us to reconsider.

Under the Equal Access to Justice Act, a party that prevails against the United States is generally entitled to attorney's fees unless the United States' position was "substantially justified" or "special circumstances make an award unjust." 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) (1) (A). Although Hexamer is a prevailing party, she is not entitled to attorney's fees for three reasons. First, Hexamer represented herself pro se and attorney's fees simply are not available to pro se litigants under the Equal Access to Justice Act. See Demarest v. Manspeaker, 948 F.2d 655 (10th Cir. 1991); Sommer v. Sullivan, 898 F.2d 895 (2d Cir. 1990); Naekel v. Department of Transportation, 845 F.2d 976, 981 (Fed. Cir. 1988); Merrell v. Block, 809 F.2d 639 (9th Cir. 1987); Crooker v. EPA, 763 F.2d 16, 17 (1st Cir. 1985).

Second, Hexamer is not entitled to attorney's fees because the government's position was "substantially justified." Although the government did not prevail in this action, that does not mean that its position was not "substantially justified." The government's position is substantially justified if it has a "reasonable basis in law and fact." Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 553, 108 S. Ct. 2541, 2543, 101 L. Ed. 2d 490 (1988). The government made reasonable, supportable arguments and, at all times, acted in good faith. We find that the government's position was clearly "substantially justified."

Finally, assuming that Hexamer was otherwise justified in claiming attorney fees, we would deny her request for fees because she did not adequately document the time she spent. Although Hexamer did submit a handwritten list of dates she worked on the case and the amount of time she allegedly spent on those days, she did not attempt to explain how she spent this time. We cannot approve an application for attorney's fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act unless we have some idea of how the attorney justified his or her time. Obviously, the documentation does not have to be perfect, but the documentation we have in this case is plainly insufficient.

Any one of the foregoing reasons requires us to reject Hexamer's claims. Therefore, Hexamer's motion to reconsider our decision denying her attorney's fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act is



For our original decision, see Hexamer v. Foreness, 981 F.2d 821 (5th Cir. 1993)