Lacy Sivak, Plaintiff-appellant, v. the State of Idaho, Defendant-appellee, 967 F.2d 591 (9th Cir. 1992)

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US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit - 967 F.2d 591 (9th Cir. 1992)

Submitted June 5, 1992. *Decided June 9, 1992

Before FARRIS, WILLIAM A. NORRIS and KOZINSKI, Circuit Judges.

Sivak's Writ of Review is properly construed as a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 complaint alleging inadequate access to the courts. See Gluth v. Kangas, 951 F.2d 1504, 1507 (9th Cir. 1991) (fundamental right of access to courts requires state to provide adequate law libraries or assistance); Karim-Panahi v. Los Angeles Police Dept., 839 F.2d 621, 623 (9th Cir. 1988) (court must construe pleadings liberally in civil rights action where plaintiff appears pro se). The writ nevertheless must be dismissed because a section 1983 action must be brought against state officials and cannot be brought against a state. See Gilbreath v. Cutter Biological, Inc., 931 F.2d 1320, 1327 (9th Cir. 1991) (state is not a "person" for purposes of section 1983). The State of Idaho therefore is not a proper defendant. See id.



Pursuant to Ninth Circuit Rule 34-4, the panel unanimously finds this case suitable for disposition without oral argument


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and may not be cited to or by the courts of this Circuit except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3