Rose Marie Floyd and Terry Floyd, Her Husband, Connie Galeand Michael Gale, Her Husband, Michael Gale and Connie Gale,his Wife, Gloria Patterson, Edmond Patterson, Thomas J.nolan, Robert Scharhag, Eugene H. Champ, Frederick W.hoehler, Iv, Sally Anncollins, Michael R. Dramis, Sandy Dix and Gary Dix, Herhusband, Dana Dix, by and Through Her Parents Gary Dix Andsandy Dix, As Guardians and Next Friends, Alexander Dix, Byand Through His Parents Gary Dix and Sandy Dix, As Guardiansand Next Friends, Gerri Ash Self, Susan Rooney and Williamrooney, Her Husband, Janet Jacobs and Bruce Jacobs, Herhusband, Alexander Embry, Salim Khoury and Deborah Khoury,his Wife, Bruce Jacobs and Janet Jacobs, His Wife, Myriamcarrasco (f/k/a Myriam Riley), Terry Floyd and Rose Mariefloyd, Gary Dix and Sandy Dix, His Wife, Salim Khoury Anddeborah Khoury, His Wife, Gregory Mantz, by and Through Hisparents Netta Mantz and Harold D. Mantz, As Guardians Andnext Friends, Netta Mantz, Harold Mantz and Gregory D.mantz, by and Through His Father Harold D. Mantz,plaintiffs-appellants, v. Eastern Airlines, Inc., Defendant-appellee, 937 F.2d 1555 (11th Cir. 1991)Annotate this Case
Joel D. Eaton, Podhurst, Orseck, Parks, Josefsberg, Eaton, Meadow & Olin, P.A., Miami, Fla., for plaintiffs-appellants.
Kathleen M. O'Connor, Aurora A. Ares, Thornton, David & Murray, P.A., Linda Singer Stein, Miami, Fla., for defendant-appellee.
Steven G. Jugo, Law Offices of Jugo & Murphy, Miami, Fla., for Gloria Patterson and Edmond Patterson.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida; Edward B. Davis, Judge.ON REMAND FROM THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
Before ANDERSON and JOHNSON, Circuit Judges, and ATKINS* , Senior District Judge.
In light of the Supreme Court's opinion in this case, Eastern Airlines, Inc. v. Floyd, --- U.S. ----, 111 S. Ct. 1489, 113 L. Ed. 2d 569 (1991), the judgment of the district court dismissing plaintiffs' cause of action under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b) (6) is due to be affirmed in all respects except one.
In Part VII of our original opinion, Floyd v. Eastern Airlines, Inc., 872 F.2d 1462, 1489-90 (11th Cir. 1989), we reversed the district court's failure to grant four plaintiffs (in the Dix and Khoury complaints) leave to amend their complaints to allege physical injury resulting from the accident. The Supreme Court left open the question of "whether passengers can recover for mental injuries that are accompanied by physical injuries" under the Warsaw Convention because the plaintiffs did not allege such injuries. Floyd, --- U.S. at ----, 111 S. Ct. at 1502. We also express no view on this issue, leaving it to the district court in the first instance if the four plaintiffs can amend their complaints appropriately.
Accordingly, the judgment of the district court is affirmed in all respects, except that the district court's denial of leave to amend the Dix and Khoury complaints is reversed.
AFFIRMED in part, REVERSED in part, and REMANDED.
Honorable C. Clyde Atkins, Senior U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of Florida, sitting by designation