Ignacio Q. Miranda, Petitioner, v. Office of Personnel Management, Respondent, 897 F.2d 539 (Fed. Cir. 1990)

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US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit - 897 F.2d 539 (Fed. Cir. 1990) Feb. 23, 1990

Before MARKEY, Chief Judge, NIES, Circuit Judge, and FRIEDMAN, Senior Circuit Judge.


Ignacio Q. Miranda seeks review of the final decision of the Merit Systems Protection Board, Docket No. SE08318910154 (May 22, 1989), affirming the Office of Personnel Management's decision to deny his application for an annuity under the Civil Service Retirement Act (CSRA). We affirm.


We agree with the Board that appellant has failed to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that he is entitled to a civil service annuity. To qualify for an annuity, an applicant must demonstrate that he has completed at least five years of civilian service covered by the CSRA. See 5 U.S.C. §§ 8331(1), 8333(a) (1988). Appellant's positions were either "Excepted Appointment--Indefinite" or limited to one year or less. None of these positions are covered service which would entitle appellant to an annuity. See 5 C.F.R. Sec. 831.201(a) (1), (14) (1988).

Appellant's argument, that he is entitled to an annuity based on his military service, confuses covered service with "creditable service." Covered service is different from "creditable service" under the CSRA. See 5 U.S.C. § 8332 (1988). Once an applicant establishes that he or she has served five years of covered civilian service, the annuity amount may be increased because of "creditable" military service. However, "creditable" military service cannot be substituted for the requirement of five years of covered civilian service. Thus, even though OPM corrected an earlier mistake and recognized that appellant would be entitled to "creditable service" for his military service as a Philippine Scout, appellant's time in the military is of no help in proving that he has a right to an annuity under CSRA.