Randall N. Wiideman, Plaintiff-appellant v. Steve B. Wolfson, et al. Defendants-appellees, 892 F.2d 85 (9th Cir. 1990)Annotate this Case
Submitted Nov. 21, 1989. *Decided Dec. 13, 1989. As Amended May 17, 1990
Before GOODWIN, POOLE and BRUNETTI, Circuit Judges.
Wiideman, a Nevada state prisoner, appeals pro se the district court's dismissal under Rule 12(b) (6) of his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action. Wiideman contends that his action stated a claim for relief under 12 U.S.C. § 3402, the Right to Financial Privacy Act. We affirm the district court's dismissal.
Title 12, U.S.C. § 3402 prohibits financial institutions from providing any "government authority" with information concerning a customer's financial records unless the customer authorizes disclosure or the government authority obtains a valid subpoena or warrant. 12 U.S.C. § 3402; United States v. Frazin, 780 F.2d 1461, 1465 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 844 (1986). Section 3401 defines "government authority" as "any agency or department of the United States, or any officer, employee, or agent thereof." 12 U.S.C. § 3401.
Wiideman alleges that his rights under section 3402 were violated because a Las Vegas police officer obtained records of his bank account pursuant to a state court subpoena. The police officer is not a "government authority" under section 3401. Wiideman cannot state a claim under section 3402.
Moreover, even liberally construing Wiideman's complaint as raising a fourth amendment violation, he cannot state a claim. A depositer has no legitimate expectation of privacy under the fourth amendment in bank records relating to his account. United States v. Miller, 425 U.S. 435, 443 (1976). Wiideman fails to allege a claim on which relief can be granted.