John Joseph Simmons, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Robert Lewis Vogle, Jr.; State of Florida; Florida Highwaypatrol; James Bryant Arnold, Jr.; Sean Francis Corrigan;james Reid; Nelson Brown; John Corbett, Patrolman; Thesouth Carolina Highway Patrol; Zena M. Parsen; Georgetownpolice Department, Defendants-appellees, 849 F.2d 606 (4th Cir. 1988)

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US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit - 849 F.2d 606 (4th Cir. 1988) Submitted: April 18, 1988. Decided: June 1, 1988

John Joseph Simmons, appellant pro se.

Edwin Eugene Evans, Senior Assistant Attorney General, for appellees.

Before SPROUSE and WILKINSON, Circuit Judges, and BUTZNER, Senior Circuit Judge.


John Joseph Simmons appeals the district court's dismissal of three of the twelve defendants in his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 civil rights action. We dismiss the appeal for lack of jurisdiction.

Under 28 U.S.C. § 1291 this Court has jurisdiction over appeals from final orders. A final order is one which disposes of all issues in dispute as to all parties. It "ends the litigation on the merits and leaves nothing for the court to do but execute the judgment." Catlin v. United States, 324 U.S. 229, 233 (1945).

As the order appealed from is not a final order, it is not appealable under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. The district court has not directed entry of final judgment as to particular claims or parties under Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b), nor is the order appealable under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1292. Finally, the order is not appealable as a collateral order under Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541 (1949).

Finding no basis for appellate jurisdiction, we dismiss the appeal as interlocutory. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal arguments are adequately presented in the materials before the Court and oral argument would not significantly aid the decisional process.