Lavina White Horse, Suella High Elk, Yvonne Garreaux Andsusan Chiu, on Behalf of Themselves, Theirchildren, and All Others Similarlysituated, Appellees, v. Otis R. Bowen,* Secretary of the United Statesdepartment of Health and Human Services, Appellant,andjames W. Ellenbecker, As Secretary of the South Dakotadepartment of Social Services, 809 F.2d 529 (8th Cir. 1987)Annotate this Case
Carlene V. McIntyre, Washington, D.C., for appellant.
Billy J. Jones, Mission, S.D., for appellees.
Before HEANEY and WOLLMAN, Circuit Judges, and BATTEY,*** District Judge.
WOLLMAN, Circuit Judge.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services (Secretary) appeals the district court's order enjoining the enforcement of the Secretary's regulation, 45 C.F.R. Sec. 206.10(a) (1) (vii) (B) (1985), requiring that applications for public assistance for dependent children under the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program (AFDC) include siblings living in the same household.
The appellees, a class of mothers and their resident children who receive AFDC and have coresident siblings who receive either child support or Title II Social Security benefits, challenged the Secretary's regulation on several grounds. They asserted that the regulation was unfaithful to the statute it purports to implement, that it violated provisions of Title II of the Social Security Act, and that it denied them due process of law. The district court certified the class and on March 29, 1985, found that the regulation was invalid and preliminarily enjoined its enforcement. White Horse v. Heckler, 627 F. Supp. 848 (D.S.D. 1985). On October 25, 1985, the district court dissolved the preliminary injunction and granted a permanent injunction. Id. at 856.
The class challenges the Secretary's regulation and the construction of 42 U.S.C. § 602(a) (38) (Supp. III 1985) that it embodies. The same statute and regulation were challenged, and all of the same statutory and constitutional arguments were raised,1 in Gorrie v. Bowen, 809 F.2d 508 (8th Cir. 1987), also decided today. The Gorrie opinion holds: " [T]he Secretary's family unit filing regulation is consistent with the statute authorizing it, with federal law governing Title II Social Security benefits, with the state's traditional authority concerning child support matters, and with the Constitution. Moreover, to the extent that state child support law interferes with the operation of the Secretary's regulation, the state law is violative of the supremacy clause." Gorrie, at 524. Gorrie controls our decision in this case. Accordingly, the judgment of the district court is reversed and the cause is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.
HEANEY, Circuit Judge, dissenting.
I dissent for the same reasons I stated in Gorrie v. Bowen, et al., 809 F.2d 508 (8th Cir. 1987).
Secretary Bowen, Margaret M. Heckler's successor, was appointed during the pendency of this appeal and is substituted as the appellant. See Fed. R. App. P. 43(c)
Heaney and McMillian, Circuit Judges would have granted rehearing en banc. Lay, Heaney, McMillian and Arnold, Circuit Judges would have granted the stay of mandate
The HONORABLE RICHARD H. BATTEY, United States District Judge for the District of South Dakota, sitting by designation
With the exception that South Dakota's state AFDC regulations, see S.D.Admin.R. 67:12:05:57 (1986), and child support laws are implicated in this case