Wallace Gant, Jr., Appellant, v. Edward C. Binder, Adjutant General, Nebraska Army-airnational Guard; State of Nebraska; Robert Kerry, Governorof Nebraska; Lloyd Johnson, Brig. General, Chief of Staffneang; Richard Bertrand, Colonel and Commander, Neang;james F. Mcmurray, Major, Base Services Officer, Neang;richard Wade, Executive Support Staff Officer, Neang, Andjames F. Bryant; Vincent D. Brown; Robert M. Courtney;mary J. Kight; Lowell D. Closner; Randolph M. Scott;kenneth W. Orr; Jerome E. Dickey; Members of the Nebraskaenlisted Selective Retention Appeals Board; Individuallyand in Their Official Capacities, Appellees.wallace Gant, Jr., Appellee, v. Edward C. Binder, Adjutant General, Nebraska Army-airnational Guard, Appellant,state of Nebraska; Robert Kerry, Governor of Nebraska;lloyd Johnson, Brig. General, Chief of Staff Neang; Richardbertrand, a Colonel and Commander, Neang; James F.mcmurray, Major, Base Services Officer, Neang; Richardwade, Executive Support Staff Officer, Neang; and James F.bryant; Vincent D. Brown, Robert M. Courtney; Mary J.kight; Lowell D. Closner; Randolph M. Scott; Kenneth W.orr; Jerome E. Dickey, Appellants, 766 F.2d 358 (8th Cir. 1985)

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U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit - 766 F.2d 358 (8th Cir. 1985) Submitted May 17, 1985. Decided June 28, 1985

Clyde A. Christian, Omaha, Neb., for appellant.

Bernard L. Packett, Asst. Atty. Gen., and Paul W. Madgett, Omaha, Neb., for appellees.

Before HEANEY, Circuit Judge, HENLEY, Senior Circuit Judge, and McMILLIAN, Circuit Judge.


Wallace Gant, Jr. appeals from a judgment of the district court1  dismissing his claims that he was denied re-enlistment in the Nebraska Army-Air National Guard (NEANG) because of his race and in violation of due process. 596 F. Supp. 757 (1984). After carefully reviewing the issues raised by Gant on appeal, we find that:

(1) The district court had jurisdiction to address Gant's disparate treatment2  claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1981. Taylor v. Jones, 653 F.2d 1193 (8th Cir. 1981). Accordingly, we need not decide whether there was jurisdiction for the disparate treatment claim under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1982, 1983, 2000d or 2000e. See Chappell v. Wallace, 462 U.S. 296, 305 n. 3, 103 S. Ct. 2362, 2368 n. 3, 76 L. Ed. 2d 586, 594 n. 3 (1983).

(2) The district court did not clearly err in finding that race was not a factor in NEANG's decision to revise Air National Guard Regulation (ANGR) 39-06, as amended by TAG-NE Supplement 1, and to "non-retain" Gant under this revised regulation.

(3) Assuming without deciding that we have jurisdiction to review Gant's due process claim, cf. Chappell, 462 U.S. 296, 103 S. Ct. 2362, 76 L. Ed. 2d 586, the court did not err in finding that Gant was accorded all the process that was due in his non-retention "without cause" and with retirement benefits under ANGR 39-06, as amended by TAG-NE Supplement 1, see e.g., Navas v. Gonzalez Vales, 752 F.2d 765, 768 (1st Cir. 1985).

(4) The district court did not abuse its discretion in refusing to order appellee's counsel to recuse himself.

Affirmed. See 8th Cir. Rule 14.


The Honorable Robert Van Pelt, Senior District Judge, United States District Court for the District of Nebraska


Gant's brief on appeal suggests that he also raised a disparate impact claim. However, we agree with the district court that Gant's complaint does not present a disparate impact claim. Rather, Gant tried to prove his disparate treatment claim by showing the presence of a racially discriminatory atmosphere at NEANG