United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Jesus P. Aviles, Defendant-appellant, 439 F.2d 708 (9th Cir. 1971)

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US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit - 439 F.2d 708 (9th Cir. 1971) March 9, 1971

J. Frank Gibson (argued), of Gibson & Gibson, Phoenix, Ariz., for defendant-appellant.

Morton Sitver, Asst. U. S. Atty. (argued), Richard K. Burke, U. S. Atty., Phoenix, Ariz., for plaintiff-appellee.

Before CHAMBERS, MERRILL and HUFSTEDLER, Circuit Judges.


The judgment of conviction in this narcotics case is affirmed.

We find adequate evidence to support the conviction on all counts.

The failure here to require the government to produce the informant was within the trial court's discretion. The informer was not a witness to or an actor in the transactions. If the informer had participated in the alleged entrapment, we would have a different case.

The judge here as the trier of fact simply refused to believe Aviles on entrapment.

There may be too many counts in the indictment, but with concurrent sentences, Aviles was not prejudiced.