Twitter, Inc. v. Elon R. Musk et al.

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KATHALEEN ST. JUDE MCCORMICK CHANCELLOR COURT OF CHANCERY OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE LEONARD L. WILLIAMS JUSTICE CENTER 500 N. KING STREET, SUITE 11400 WILMINGTON, DELAWARE 19801-3734 September 30, 2022 Peter J. Walsh, Jr., Esquire Kevin R. Shannon, Esquire Christopher N. Kelly, Esquire Mathew A. Golden, Esquire Callan R. Jackson, Esquire Potter Anderson & Corroon LLP 1313 N. Market Street Hercules Plaza, 6th Floor Wilmington, DE 19801 Edward B. Micheletti, Esquire Lauren N. Rosenello, Esquire Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP 920 N. King Street, 7th Floor P.O. Box 636 Wilmington, DE 19899-0636 Brad D. Sorrels, Esquire Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, P.C. 222 Delaware Avenue, Suite 800 Wilmington, DE 19801 Re: Twitter, Inc. v. Elon R. Musk et al., C.A. No. 2022-0613-KSJM Dear Counsel: This letter decision resolves the discovery issues raised by Defendants Elon R. Musk, X Holdings I, Inc., and X Holdings II, Inc. (“Defendants”) in their September 7, 2022 letter, which I refer to as Defendants’ “Fifth Discovery Motion.” 1 Plaintiff Twitter, Inc. (“Plaintiff”) filed its opposition on September 14, 2022. 2 I issued a letter concerning 1 C.A. No. 2022-0613-KSJM, Docket (“Dkt.”) 422 (“Defs.’ Fifth Disc. Mot.”). 2 Dkt. 499 (“Opposition”). C.A. No. 2022-0613-KSJM September 30, 2022 Page 2 of 5 Defendants’ Fifth Discovery Motion on September 22, 2022 (the “First Letter Decision”), 3 and heard oral argument on September 27. 4 Defendants’ Fifth Discovery Motion raised four issues. 5 Of the four, I denied one in the First Letter Decision; 6 the parties mooted one before the September 27 hearing; 7 and the parties then appear to have mooted another shortly after the September 27 hearing. 8 Only one issue remains—whether to compel Plaintiff to produce or log additional documents containing the terms mDAU, UAM, or stickiness. 9 I refer readers to the First Letter Decision, which sets out the relevant facts and arguments concerning this issue. 10 With respect to mDAU, Defendants argue that Plaintiff failed to produce a large proportion of the documents its custodians possessed that contain the search term “mDAU,” suggesting that that Plaintiff is withholding responsive documents.11 3 Dkt. 579 (“First Letter Decision”). See Transcript of September 27, 2022 Oral Argument and Partial Rulings on Miscellaneous Motions (“Sept. 27 Tr.”) (to be docketed). 4 5 See First Letter Decision at 2 (listing four issues). 6 First Letter Decision at 7–8. 7 See Sept. 27 Tr. at 18:9–15. 8 Dkt. 656; see also Sept. 27 Tr. 23:7–14, 52:3–54:4. A note regarding the terms: “mDAU” means monetizable daily active users; “UAM” means user active minutes; and “stickiness” is a metric used by Plaintiff to calculate the number of either DAU or mDAU relative to the corresponding Monthly Active Users (“MAU”) equivalent. 9 10 See First Letter Decision at 2–4. 11 Opposition at 2–4. C.A. No. 2022-0613-KSJM September 30, 2022 Page 3 of 5 Defendants also point to Plaintiff’s previous erroneous redactions of Slack messages discussing mDAU as further evidence of this point. 12 As relief, Defendants ask that I compel Plaintiff to produce “all nonprivileged documents containing the search term ‘mDAU’ within ten of the search term ‘revenue.” 13 They further request that I required Plaintiff to confirm that it has produced “all documents containing the search term ‘mDAU’ that were sent to the board of Twitter, or C-suite employees of Twitter, or business heads of Twitter have already been produced.” 14 Defendants’ motion to compel Plaintiff to produce other mDAU documents is denied. Plaintiff never agreed and I never ordered Plaintiff to produce every single document using the term mDAU. The statistics cited by Defendants concerning responsive documents do not give rise to an inference of discovery misconduct. Defendants’ request for further representations from Plaintiff is granted. During oral argument, Plaintiff represented it had “produce[d] all documents that relate to Twitter’s belief that mDAU is a key metric,” despite a statement to the contrary in its opposition briefing. 15 Plaintiff also assured the court that its “instructions to the review team were to review and to produce documents that relate to mDAU as a key metric,” 16 12 Id. at 4–5. 13 Sept. 27 Tr. at 34:8–12. 14 Sept. 27 Tr. at 34:8–17. 15 Id. at 34:20–35:14 (discussing Opposition at 7). 16 Id. at 37:14–20. C.A. No. 2022-0613-KSJM September 30, 2022 Page 4 of 5 but that it “drew the line” at producing “every document that talks about mDAU.” 17 Plaintiff further represented that it “would have produced” all “board-level documents containing a discussion of . . . mDAU.” 18 Plaintiff did not speak definitively as to whether it had produced all “board-level communications about mDAU [and] C suite and business head-level communications about mDAU.” 19 Plaintiff’s counsel shall file on or before Tuesday, October 4, 2022, a narrative describing in full its efforts to collect and produce documents concerning mDAU and addressing the concerns raised by Defendants in their Fifth Discovery Motion. Defendant’s motion as to “UAM” and “stickiness” is denied. I will not rehash their arguments here; again, they are summarized in the First Letter Decision and were detailed during the September 27 argument. 20 The crux of Defendants’ argument is a concern that Plaintiff’s approach results in a “judgment call” in distinguishing between documents that merely contain the terms “UAM” or “stickiness” and those that discuss them substantively, resulting in a narrower production than the Order entered on August 25, 2022, intended. 21 It is understandable that a party to high-stakes litigation might be concerned over their adversary’s judgment calls throughout discovery. 17 Id. at 37:21–23. 18 Id. at 45:8–17. 19 See Aug. 24 Tr. at 55:16–56:8. 20 See Sept. 27 Tr. at 38:4–51:22. Defendants, however, have See id. 46:23–47:7; see also id. 49:14–50:10 (raising concerns regarding the number of documents hitting on “stickiness” and not produced by Plaintiff). 21 C.A. No. 2022-0613-KSJM September 30, 2022 Page 5 of 5 provided no compelling reason for me to share their concern. They again cite to counts of hit percentages and documents produced in discovery. 22 The statistics are not so alarming as to suggest misconduct, the documents produced thus far suggest that Plaintiff has appropriately produced relevant discovery, and Plaintiff went so far as to re-review certain categories of documents to allay any concerns. 23 Plaintiff has done enough. IT IS SO ORDERED. Sincerely, /s/ Kathaleen St. Jude McCormick Kathaleen St. Jude McCormick Chancellor cc: All counsel of record (by File & ServeXpress) 22 See Defs.’ Fifth Disc. Mot. at 2–8; Sept. 27 Tr. at 24:24–25:4. 23 See Sept. 27 Tr. at 44:13–20, 46:1–20, 51:14–22 (discussing re-review).
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