Arkansas Supreme Court Decisions

Established in 1836, the Arkansas Supreme Court derives its authority from Article 7, Section 4 and Amendment 80, Section 2 of the Arkansas Constitution. It consists of seven justices, including a Chief Justice, a Vice Chief Justice, and five Associate Justices. In addition to reviewing appeals from lower courts and conducting special proceedings under Article 6 of the Arkansas Constitution, the Court oversees lower state courts and attorneys in Arkansas.

To be eligible to serve as a justice on the Arkansas Supreme Court, a candidate must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Arkansas for more than two years. They must have practiced law for at least the last eight years, and they must have good moral character. Justices are elected in eight-year terms, but the Governor of Arkansas has the authority to make interim appointments if a seat becomes vacant in the middle of a term. A justice who receives an interim appointment cannot run for that seat in the next election. The same election rules apply to the Chief Justice and the Vice Chief Justice as to the Associate Justices.

The judicial discipline and disability commission in Arkansas may recommend the removal, suspension, censure, or retirement of a justice. However, the Arkansas Supreme Court will make the final decision on whether to follow this recommendation. A justice alternatively may be removed if they are impeached by the Arkansas House of Representatives in a majority vote and then convicted by the Arkansas Senate in a two-thirds vote. After the conviction, the Governor will make the final decision on whether to remove the justice.

Browse Opinions From the Arkansas Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Arkansas Supreme Court
Jones v. State (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: October 22, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 338
Docket Number: CR-09-990

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's pro se second petition to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to consider a petition for writ of error coram nobis, holding that none of Petitioner's claims established a ground...

Caple v. State (Majority, with Concurring and Dissenting)  
Date: October 22, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 340
Docket Number: CR-20-294

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Appellant's conviction of rape and second-degree sexual assault and sentence of life imprisonment and twenty years' imprisonment, respectively, holding that there was no prejudicial error in th...

Trammel v. Kelley (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: October 22, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 342
Docket Number: CV-20-83

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying Appellant's pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus, holding that Appellant's claim was not cognizable in a writ of habeas corpus. Appellant pleaded no...

IN RE ARKANSAS SUPREME COURT COMMITTEE ON CIVIL PRACTICE (Per Curiam)
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 337
Mitchael v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 336
Docket Number: CR-07-98

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus, motion to recall mandate to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to file a petition for writ of error coram nobis, and joinder of claim...

Williamson v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 319
Docket Number: CR-09-1213

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's pro se second petition to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to consider a petition for writ of error coram nobis, holding that Petitioner did not establish a Brady violation o...

McKinney v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 333
Docket Number: CR-18-546

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's pro se petition to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to allow Petitioner to file a petition for writ of error coram nobis in his criminal case, holding that Petitioner's claim...

Robinson v. State (Majority, with Concurring and Dissenting)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 324
Docket Number: CR-20-137

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the trial court denying Defendant's pro se motion for an independent action to set aside his conviction for fraud, holding that the trial court did not err in denying the motion...

Dominique v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 328
Docket Number: CR-20-424

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court granted Petitioner's pro se motion for rule on clerk and denied Petitioner's pro se motion for transcript, petition for writ of mandamus, and motion for appointment of counsel, holding that Petitioner w...

McKee v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 327
Docket Number: CR-20-60

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of one count of rape, holding that there was no prejudicial error below. Specifically, the Supreme Court held (1) there was substantial evidence to support the jury's ve...

Bandy v. Vick (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 334
Docket Number: CV-19-975

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court in favor of Plaintiff in this medical malpractice case, holding that the circuit court erred by striking and removing Defendants' constitutional right to a jur...

Tollett v. Wilson (Majority)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 326
Docket Number: CV-20-499

Justia Opinion Summary: In this election action, the Supreme Court affirmed as modified the decision of the circuit court dismissing David Tollett's complaint in intervention with prejudice, holding that the circuit court did not clearly err in...

Stay Strong, Status Quo v. Bradford (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 331
Docket Number: CV-20-527

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the circuit court's denial of Stay Strong, Status Quo's appeal of a certified election petition, holding that there was no error on the part of the circuit court. In this election petition, St...

Steele v. Thurston (Majority, with Concurring and Dissenting)  
Date: October 15, 2020
Citation: 2020 Ark. 320
Docket Number: cv-20-546

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court granting a motion to dismiss filed by the Arkansas Secretary of State Appellant's complaint seeking to strike two proposed constitutional amendments, Issue 2 and...

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