Arkansas Supreme Court Decisions

Established in 1836, the Arkansas Supreme Court derives its authority from Article 7, Section 4 and Amendment 80, Section 2 of the Arkansas Constitution. It consists of seven justices, including a Chief Justice, a Vice Chief Justice, and five Associate Justices. In addition to reviewing appeals from lower courts and conducting special proceedings under Article 6 of the Arkansas Constitution, the Court oversees lower state courts and attorneys in Arkansas.

To be eligible to serve as a justice on the Arkansas Supreme Court, a candidate must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Arkansas for more than two years. They must have practiced law for at least the last eight years, and they must have good moral character. Justices are elected in eight-year terms, but the Governor of Arkansas has the authority to make interim appointments if a seat becomes vacant in the middle of a term. A justice who receives an interim appointment cannot run for that seat in the next election. The same election rules apply to the Chief Justice and the Vice Chief Justice as to the Associate Justices.

The judicial discipline and disability commission in Arkansas may recommend the removal, suspension, censure, or retirement of a justice. However, the Arkansas Supreme Court will make the final decision on whether to follow this recommendation. A justice alternatively may be removed if they are impeached by the Arkansas House of Representatives in a majority vote and then convicted by the Arkansas Senate in a two-thirds vote. After the conviction, the Governor will make the final decision on whether to remove the justice.

Browse Opinions From the Arkansas Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Arkansas Supreme Court
IN RE ARKANSAS CONTINUING LEGAL EDUCATION BOARD (Per Curiam)
Date: November 18, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 218
McLaughlin v. State (Majority, with Concurring)  
Date: November 18, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 216
Docket Number: CR-20-513

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying Appellant's pro se habeas petition filed under Ark. Code Ann. 16-112-201, holding that a writ of habeas corpus filed pursuant to section 16-112-210 could...

Warner v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 18, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 215
Docket Number: CR-21-148

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court convicting Defendant of raping six-year-old M.H. and sentencing him to an enhanced sentence of life imprisonment without parole, holding that there was no prejudi...

Chunestudy v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 205
Docket Number: CR-11-1161

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's pro se petition to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to consider a petition for writ of error coram nobis, holding that Petitioner failed to raise allegations that warranted c...

McKinney v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 210
Docket Number: CR-18-546

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's pro se petition to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to allow him to file a petition for writ of error coram nobis in his criminal case, holding that the claims raised by Peti...

Coakley v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 207
Docket Number: CR-20-284

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court denying Petitioner's petition for postconviction relief without holding an evidentiary hearing, holding that there was no error. Petitioner was convicted of f...

Brennan v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 206
Docket Number: CR-21-154

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court denying Appellant's petition for postconviction relief, holding that there was no error. Appellant was convicted of murdering his wife. He later filed this pe...

Jenkins v. Mercy Hospital Rogers (Majority)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 211
Docket Number: Cv-20-713

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment of the circuit court dismissing Plaintiff's employment discrimination complaint against Mercy Hospital Rogers, holding that the circuit court erred in...

Williams v. Payne (Majority)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 212
Docket Number: CV-21-147

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court dismissing Appellant's fourth pro se petition for a writ of habeas corpus, holding that Appellant failed to demonstrate that he was entitled to relief. In his...

Mahadevan v. Board of Trustees of University of Arkansas System (Majority, with Concurring)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 208
Docket Number: CV-21-201

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court that denied Appellant's request for injunctive relief preventing the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) from terminating his employment and dismis...

TERRICK NOONER v. RAY HOBBS AND JAMES GIBSON (Majority)
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 204
Docket Number: CV-21-313
Arkansas Department of Finance & Administration v. Lewis (Majority, with Concurring)  
Date: November 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 213
Docket Number: CV-21-36

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the ruling of the circuit court denying the State's motion to dismiss this complaint alleging that Defendants, in their official capacities, had terminated him in violation of public policy wit...

IN RE ARKANSAS ACCESS TO JUSTICE COMMISSION (Per Curiam)
Date: November 4, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 203
Wood v. State (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: November 4, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 201
Docket Number: CR-21-118

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment of the circuit court denying Appellant's motion to correct clerical errors in his sentencing order, holding that Appellant's sentencing order contained...

Trice v. Trice (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: November 4, 2021
Citation: 2021 Ark. 199
Docket Number: CV-19-786

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the circuit court decree quieting and confirming title in 173.5 acres of Lee County property in favor of Appellees in this case, holding that the circuit court's findings were clearly erroneous...

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