Arkansas Supreme Court Decisions

Established in 1836, the Arkansas Supreme Court derives its authority from Article 7, Section 4 and Amendment 80, Section 2 of the Arkansas Constitution. It consists of seven justices, including a Chief Justice, a Vice Chief Justice, and five Associate Justices. In addition to reviewing appeals from lower courts and conducting special proceedings under Article 6 of the Arkansas Constitution, the Court oversees lower state courts and attorneys in Arkansas.

To be eligible to serve as a justice on the Arkansas Supreme Court, a candidate must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Arkansas for more than two years. They must have practiced law for at least the last eight years, and they must have good moral character. Justices are elected in eight-year terms, but the Governor of Arkansas has the authority to make interim appointments if a seat becomes vacant in the middle of a term. A justice who receives an interim appointment cannot run for that seat in the next election. The same election rules apply to the Chief Justice and the Vice Chief Justice as to the Associate Justices.

The judicial discipline and disability commission in Arkansas may recommend the removal, suspension, censure, or retirement of a justice. However, the Arkansas Supreme Court will make the final decision on whether to follow this recommendation. A justice alternatively may be removed if they are impeached by the Arkansas House of Representatives in a majority vote and then convicted by the Arkansas Senate in a two-thirds vote. After the conviction, the Governor will make the final decision on whether to remove the justice.

Browse Opinions From the Arkansas Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Arkansas Supreme Court
Hackie v. Bryant (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: December 1, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 212
Docket Number: CV-21-533

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court denying relief in this Administrative Procedure Act (APA) appeal of the Colonel William J. Bryant's denial of Appellant's application to obtain a license for…

Gibson v. Buonauito (Majority, with Concurring and Dissenting)  
Date: December 1, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 206
Docket Number: CV-21-557

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment of the circuit court awarding $18,160,000 in attorneys' fees to Appellees, holding that the circuit court erred in its award of attorneys' fees and…

Howard v. Baptist Health (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: December 1, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 214
Docket Number: CV-22-250

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the circuit court disqualifying Risie Howard as the attorney representing the estate of Mrs. George Howard in a case arising from Mrs. Howard's medical treatment, holding that the…

Arkansas Parole Bd. v. Johnson (Majority, with Concurring and Dissenting)  
Date: December 1, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 209
Docket Number: CV-22-430

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court granting Petitioner's motion for judgment on the pleadings, entering judgment in Petitioner's favor for the relief requested in his petition, and denying the…

Ark. Judicial Discipline & Disability Comm'n v. Carroll (Per Curiam)  
Date: November 18, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 205
Docket Number: D-22-613

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court granted the petition brought by the Arkansas Judicial Discipline and Disability Commission claiming that Judge Carroll violated several rules of the Arkansas Code of Judicial Conduct, including…

IN RE APPOINTMENT OF CLERK (Per Curiam)
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 204
Gentry v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 203
Docket Number: CR-22-279

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court denying Appellant's multiple claims of ineffective assistance of counsel, holding that the circuit court did not err on Appellant's seven separate claims of…

Cone v. State (Majority)  
Date: November 10, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 201
Docket Number: CR-22-114

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court finding Defendant guilty of capital murder, abuse of a corpse, and theft of property, holding that Defendant was not entitled to reversal of his convictions…

Hartley v. State (Majority, with Concurring)  
Date: November 10, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 197
Docket Number: CR-22-172

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed and remanded in part the order of the circuit court convicting Defendant of two counts of rape, sexual assault in the second degree, and sexually grooming a child, holding…

Altic USA, Inc. v. City of Gurdon ex rel. Honorable Kelley (Majority, with Concurring)  
Date: November 10, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 199
Docket Number: CV-22-32

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and dismissed in part the order of the circuit court certifying the City of Gurdon's class-action lawsuit alleging that Suddenlink Communications unlawfully charged Gurdon and other…

State v. Voast (Majority)  
Date: November 3, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 195
Docket Number: CR-22-319

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying the State's motion to dismiss Defendant's appeal of a district court judgment finding him guilty of two misdemeanors, holding that there was no error. In…

Robinson Nursing & Rehabilitation Center, LLC v. Phillips (Majority, with Concurring)  
Date: November 3, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 193
Docket Number: CV-22-113

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court remanded this case after Appellant appealed a circuit court order granting in part and denying in part its motion to enforce arbitration agreements and to compel class members with arbitration…

Mid-South Adjustment Co., Inc. v. Smith (Majority)  
Date: November 3, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 196
Docket Number: CV-22-43

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court granting class certification in this class action alleging that Mid-South Adjustment Co., Inc. violated provisions of the Arkansas Fair Debt Collection Practices…

IN RE ARKANSAS ACCESS TO JUSTICE COMMISSION (Per Curiam)
Date: October 27, 2022
Citation: 2022 Ark. 192
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