Arkansas Supreme Court Decisions

Established in 1836, the Arkansas Supreme Court derives its authority from Article 7, Section 4 and Amendment 80, Section 2 of the Arkansas Constitution. It consists of seven justices, including a Chief Justice, a Vice Chief Justice, and five Associate Justices. In addition to reviewing appeals from lower courts and conducting special proceedings under Article 6 of the Arkansas Constitution, the Court oversees lower state courts and attorneys in Arkansas.

To be eligible to serve as a justice on the Arkansas Supreme Court, a candidate must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Arkansas for more than two years. They must have practiced law for at least the last eight years, and they must have good moral character. Justices are elected in eight-year terms, but the Governor of Arkansas has the authority to make interim appointments if a seat becomes vacant in the middle of a term. A justice who receives an interim appointment cannot run for that seat in the next election. The same election rules apply to the Chief Justice and the Vice Chief Justice as to the Associate Justices.

The judicial discipline and disability commission in Arkansas may recommend the removal, suspension, censure, or retirement of a justice. However, the Arkansas Supreme Court will make the final decision on whether to follow this recommendation. A justice alternatively may be removed if they are impeached by the Arkansas House of Representatives in a majority vote and then convicted by the Arkansas Senate in a two-thirds vote. After the conviction, the Governor will make the final decision on whether to remove the justice.

Browse Opinions From the Arkansas Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Arkansas Supreme Court
IN RE ARKANSAS ACCESS TO JUSTICE MONTH (Per Curiam)
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 276
IN RE ACCESS TO JUSTICE COMMISSION (Per Curiam)
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 277
Smith v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 268
Docket Number: CR-02-228

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's seventh pro se petition to reinvest jurisdiction in the trial court to consider a petition for writ of error coram nobis, holding that Petitioner failed to raise claims that were cog...

Scherrer v. State (Majority, with Concurring and Dissenting)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 264
Docket Number: CR-18-134

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the circuit court denying Appellant's pro se motion to vacate his amended sentencing order entered under the Fair Sentencing of Minors Act of 2017 (FMSA) and remanded for resentenc...

Wesley v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 270
Docket Number: CR-18-675

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court dismissing Appellant's pro se petition to correct an illegal sentence under Ark. Code Ann. 16-90-111, holding that the trial court correctly denied relief where...

Scott v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 269
Docket Number: CR-18-685

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court denying Petitioner's petition for coram nobis relief, holding that Petitioner failed to establish that the trial court abused its discretion and that the writ sh...

Jones v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 272
Docket Number: CR-18-923

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court denying Appellant's pro se petition for writ of error coram nobis or to vacate his conviction, holding that the circuit court did not err in denying the petiti...

Malone v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 273
Docket Number: CR-18-977

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court denying Appellant's pro se petition for a writ of error coram nobis, holding that the trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying coram nobis relief. Ap...

SANTONIO TURNER V. HON. WENDELL GRIFFEN (Majority)
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 271
Docket Number: CR-19-485
Early v. Crockett (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: October 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 274
Docket Number: CV-17-235

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court granting summary judgment to Appellees and dismissing Appellant's civil rights claim, holding that the circuit court did not err in granting summary judgment i...

IN RE ACCESS TO JUSTICE COMMISSION (Per Curiam)
Date: October 3, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 261
IN RE ADOPTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 15.3 (Per Curiam)
Date: October 3, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 263
Pree v. State (Majority)  
Date: October 3, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 258
Docket Number: CR-17-954

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of capital murder, aggravated robbery, and a firearm enhancement, holding that there was no prejudicial error in the proceedings below. On appeal, Defendant argued that...

Braud v. State (Majority, with Dissenting)  
Date: October 3, 2019
Citation: 2019 Ark. 256
Docket Number: CR-18-1044

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court convicting Defendant of capital murder and first-degree battery, holding that the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in denying Defendant's motion for...

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