Arkansas Case Law
The Arkansas state court system is divided into three levels. The highest court in Arkansas is the Arkansas Supreme Court, which consists of seven judges. The Supreme Court reviews appeals of decisions by the Arkansas Court of Appeals. It also reviews appeals of decisions by trial courts in limited situations. Decisions by the Arkansas Supreme Court are final unless the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to hear an appeal of a decision.
The middle level of the Arkansas state court system is the Arkansas Court of Appeals, which consists of 12 judges. Most appeals from trial courts must pass through the Court of Appeals before reaching the Supreme Court. Decisions by the Court of Appeals are final unless the Supreme Court agrees to hear an appeal of a decision.
The lowest level of the Arkansas state court system consists of the Arkansas Circuit Courts, the Arkansas District Courts, and the Arkansas City Courts. The Circuit Courts are trial courts with general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. These courts also review appeals of decisions by District Courts and City Courts. The jurisdiction of the District Courts is limited to certain types of cases. These include misdemeanors, traffic violations, and civil matters with no more than $25,000 at issue. The City Courts hold jurisdiction over violations of city ordinances.