2006 Ohio Revised Code - 2923.11. Definitions.
(A) "Deadly weapon" means any instrument, device, or thing capable of inflicting death, and designed or specially adapted for use as a weapon, or possessed, carried, or used as a weapon.
(B) (1) "Firearm" means any deadly weapon capable of expelling or propelling one or more projectiles by the action of an explosive or combustible propellant. "Firearm" includes an unloaded firearm, and any firearm that is inoperable but that can readily be rendered operable.
(2) When determining whether a firearm is capable of expelling or propelling one or more projectiles by the action of an explosive or combustible propellant, the trier of fact may rely upon circumstantial evidence, including, but not limited to, the representations and actions of the individual exercising control over the firearm.
(C) "Handgun" means any of the following:
(1) Any firearm that has a short stock and is designed to be held and fired by the use of a single hand;
(2) Any combination of parts from which a firearm of a type described in division (C)(1) of this section can be assembled.
(D) "Semi-automatic firearm" means any firearm designed or specially adapted to fire a single cartridge and automatically chamber a succeeding cartridge ready to fire, with a single function of the trigger.
(E) "Automatic firearm" means any firearm designed or specially adapted to fire a succession of cartridges with a single function of the trigger. "Automatic firearm" also means any semi-automatic firearm designed or specially adapted to fire more than thirty-one cartridges without reloading, other than a firearm chambering only .22 caliber short, long, or long-rifle cartridges.
(F) "Sawed-off firearm" means a shotgun with a barrel less than eighteen inches long, or a rifle with a barrel less than sixteen inches long, or a shotgun or rifle less than twenty-six inches long overall.
(G) "Zip-gun" means any of the following:
(1) Any firearm of crude and extemporized manufacture;
(2) Any device, including without limitation a starter's pistol, that is not designed as a firearm, but that is specially adapted for use as a firearm;
(3) Any industrial tool, signalling device, or safety device, that is not designed as a firearm, but that as designed is capable of use as such, when possessed, carried, or used as a firearm.
(H) "Explosive device" means any device designed or specially adapted to cause physical harm to persons or property by means of an explosion, and consisting of an explosive substance or agency and a means to detonate it. "Explosive device" includes without limitation any bomb, any explosive demolition device, any blasting cap or detonator containing an explosive charge, and any pressure vessel that has been knowingly tampered with or arranged so as to explode.
(I) "Incendiary device" means any firebomb, and any device designed or specially adapted to cause physical harm to persons or property by means of fire, and consisting of an incendiary substance or agency and a means to ignite it.
(J) "Ballistic knife" means a knife with a detachable blade that is propelled by a spring-operated mechanism.
(K) "Dangerous ordnance" means any of the following, except as provided in division (L) of this section:
(1) Any automatic or sawed-off firearm, zip-gun, or ballistic knife;
(2) Any explosive device or incendiary device;
(3) Nitroglycerin, nitrocellulose, nitrostarch, PETN, cyclonite, TNT, picric acid, and other high explosives; amatol, tritonal, tetrytol, pentolite, pecretol, cyclotol, and other high explosive compositions; plastic explosives; dynamite, blasting gelatin, gelatin dynamite, sensitized ammonium nitrate, liquid-oxygen blasting explosives, blasting powder, and other blasting agents; and any other explosive substance having sufficient brisance or power to be particularly suitable for use as a military explosive, or for use in mining, quarrying, excavating, or demolitions;
(4) Any firearm, rocket launcher, mortar, artillery piece, grenade, mine, bomb, torpedo, or similar weapon, designed and manufactured for military purposes, and the ammunition for that weapon;
(5) Any firearm muffler or silencer;
(6) Any combination of parts that is intended by the owner for use in converting any firearm or other device into a dangerous ordnance.
(L) "Dangerous ordnance" does not include any of the following:
(1) Any firearm, including a military weapon and the ammunition for that weapon, and regardless of its actual age, that employs a percussion cap or other obsolete ignition system, or that is designed and safe for use only with black powder;
(2) Any pistol, rifle, or shotgun, designed or suitable for sporting purposes, including a military weapon as issued or as modified, and the ammunition for that weapon, unless the firearm is an automatic or sawed-off firearm;
(3) Any cannon or other artillery piece that, regardless of its actual age, is of a type in accepted use prior to 1887, has no mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, or other system for absorbing recoil and returning the tube into battery without displacing the carriage, and is designed and safe for use only with black powder;
(4) Black powder, priming quills, and percussion caps possessed and lawfully used to fire a cannon of a type defined in division (L)(3) of this section during displays, celebrations, organized matches or shoots, and target practice, and smokeless and black powder, primers, and percussion caps possessed and lawfully used as a propellant or ignition device in small-arms or small-arms ammunition;
(5) Dangerous ordnance that is inoperable or inert and cannot readily be rendered operable or activated, and that is kept as a trophy, souvenir, curio, or museum piece.
(6) Any device that is expressly excepted from the definition of a destructive device pursuant to the "Gun Control Act of 1968," 82 Stat. 1213, 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(4), as amended, and regulations issued under that act.
(M) "Explosive" means any chemical compound, mixture, or device, the primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion. "Explosive" includes all materials that have been classified as class A, class B, or class C explosives by the United States department of transportation in its regulations and includes, but is not limited to, dynamite, black powder, pellet powders, initiating explosives, blasting caps, electric blasting caps, safety fuses, fuse igniters, squibs, cordeau detonant fuses, instantaneous fuses, and igniter cords and igniters. "Explosive" does not include "fireworks," as defined in
section 3743.01 of the Revised Code, or any explosive that is not subject to regulation under the rules of the fire marshal adopted pursuant to
section 3737.82 of the Revised Code.
HISTORY: 134 v H 511 (Eff 1-1-74); 137 v H 728 (Eff 8-22-78); 141 v H 51 (Eff 7-30-86); 142 v H 24 (Eff 7-31-87); 143 v S 96 (Eff 6-13-90); 146 v S 2. Eff 7-1-96; 150 v H 12, § 1, eff. 4-8-04.
Not analogous to former RC § 2923.11 (RS § 7035; 67 v 25; 78 v 131; GC § 12693; Bureau of Code Revision, 10-1-53), repealed 134 v H 511, § 2, eff 1-1-74.
The effective date is set by section 6 of SB 2.
Effect of Amendments
H.B. 12, Acts 2004, effective April 8, 2004, rewrote (C).
19xx Committee Report or Comment.
1974 Committee Comment to H 511
This section defines a number of terms used in the weapons control measures in the criminal code. Some of the terms are also used in other contexts in the code, such as section 2903.11, felonious assault, which includes causing or attempting physical harm by means of a deadly weapon or dangerous ordnance.
"Deadly weapon" is defined as any device capable of causing death, and which is either designed or specially adapted for use as a weapon (such as a gun, knife, billy, or brass knuckles), or is carried, possessed, or used as a weapon (such as a rock or cane when used for offensive or defensive purposes).
The definitions of "firearm," "semi-automatic firearm," "automatic firearm," and "sawed-off firearm" are substantially the same as in former law.
The definition of "zip-gun" is new, and includes: (1) any firearm which is crudely devised; (2) any device not designed as a firearm but which is adapted for use as one, such as a starter's pistol drilled or modified to accept ball cartridges; and (3) any device not designed as a firearm but which can be used as a firearm as it is, such as a flare pistol.
"Explosive device" means any device adapted to cause injury to persons or property by explosion, and consisting of an explosive substance or agency plus a means to detonate it. Thus, dynamite with a primer is an explosive device but without a primer is not an explosive device. The definition specifically includes any bomb, explosive demolition device, blasting cap or detonator containing an explosive charge, and any pressure vessel which has been tampered with so as to explode.
"Incendiary device" means any device adapted to cause injury to persons or property by means of fire, and consisting of an incendiary substance or agency and a means to ignite it.
"Dangerous ordnance" includes: automatic and sawed-off firearms; zip-guns; explosive and incendiary devices; high explosives; high explosive compositions; plastic explosives; blasting agents; and military weapons. Excepted from the definition are: firearms using a percussion cap or other obsolete ignition system; military pistols, rifles, or shotguns (other than automatic or sawed-off firearms) suitable for sporting purposes; antique-type cannon and their ammunition; powder, caps, and primers used for small arms or small arms ammunition; de-activated dangerous ordnance kept as a trophy, souvenir, or museum piece; and any device expressly excepted from the definition of "destructive device" used in the federal "Gun Control Act of 1968."
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