COURT OF APPEALS
SECOND DISTRICT OF TEXAS
CHARLES CALVIN BLACKWELL
THE STATE OF TEXAS
FROM THE 355TH DISTRICT COURT OF HOOD COUNTY
---------Appellant Charles Calvin Blackwell appeals his convictions for (1)
possession of a controlled substance of four or more but less than two hundred
grams with the intent to deliver, (2) possession of a controlled substance of more
than one but less than four grams with the intent to deliver, and (3) possession of
less than one gram of a controlled substance. In five issues, he contends (1) that
the evidence was insufficient to corroborate a confidential informant’s
See Tex. R. App. P. 47.4.
“testimony,” (2) that the evidence was insufficient to prove his guilt, (3) that the
trial court erred by failing to instruct the jury that a confidential informant’s
testimony must be corroborated, (4) that evidence was admitted in violation of
Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36, 124 S. Ct. 1354 (2004), and (5) that his
trial counsel was ineffective. We affirm.
Sufficiency of the Evidence
In his second issue, appellant challenges the legal and factual sufficiency
of the evidence to prove his convictions.2
He contends the State could not
connect him to the buy upon which his first and second convictions are based
and that the two sheriff’s investigators involved in the search leading to the third
conviction gave conflicting testimony and handled his property unprofessionally.
Additionally, according to appellant, the evidence shows that the confidential
informant could have framed him.
Roland Smith, an investigator for the Hood County Sheriff’s Office, testified
that he knew appellant by the name of Charlie. On April 17, 2009, Investigator
Appellant challenges both legal and factual sufficiency.
appellant filed his brief, the court of criminal appeals overruled cases that allowed
a factual sufficiency review and held that there is “no meaningful distinction
between the . . . legal-sufficiency standard and the . . . factual-sufficiency
standard.” Brooks v. State, 323 S.W.3d 893, 902 (Tex. Crim. App. 2010). Thus,
the Jackson standard is the “only standard that a reviewing court should apply in
determining whether the evidence is sufficient to support each element of a
criminal offense that the State is required to prove beyond a reasonable doubt.
All other cases to the contrary . . . are overruled.” Id. at 912. Accordingly, we
apply the Jackson standard of review to appellant’s sufficiency issues.
Smith met with a confidential informant and wired him with a communication
device that transmitted audio and video. According to Investigator Smith, the
confidential informant contacted appellant to arrange to buy drugs from him.
Before the confidential informant went to meet appellant, Investigator Smith
searched him and his car to make sure there were no illegal narcotics with him.
He gave the informant money to buy the drugs; officers had photocopied the
money. Investigator Smith also followed the informant to where he was meeting
Investigator Smith identified State’s Exhibit 1 as a digital reproduction of
the recording of the transaction between the confidential informant and appellant;
the trial court admitted the recording.
Investigator Smith testified that he
observed the buy, which took place in the informant’s car, from a clandestine
location, but he saw “what was taking place at the time it was taking place.” He
saw appellant hand something to the informant. The State played the recording
for the jury.
The informant is first shown on the tape talking to the investigator and
another person about the planned buy.
The investigator gives the informant
$400 and tells him to use it all for ice if he has to. Although the informant’s face
cannot be seen, his cell phone can be seen as if he is holding it in front of him.
On the audio, the informant can be heard making a phone call to Charlie. The
person on the other end of the line says he has some coke. The two also
discuss the purchase of methamphetamine; the man on the phone says he can
get more ice.
Once the informant arrives at the meeting place, the recording does not
show the face of the person the informant is meeting; the informant stays in the
driver’s side of his vehicle with the window rolled down. He talks with the man
through the open window on the driver’s side and the two discuss money. The
informant says he is giving the man all $400; $90 for some cocaine and
methamphetamine, and $300 for more methamphetamine to be delivered later.
The informant tells the man to pay him back his $10 change for the cocaine and
initial methamphetamine that the man already has. The informant can be seen
handing money out the driver’s side window. After the informant drives away, he
can be heard calling Charlie and telling him to apply the extra $10 toward the
methamphetamine that is to be delivered later.3
Investigator Smith identified appellant as the man from whom the informant
bought the drugs. Investigator Smith testified that after the buy, the informant
brought packages of methamphetamine and cocaine back and explained that he
gave Charlie the rest of the money for more ice. Investigator Smith testified that
upon obtaining the drugs,
We take them back to the sheriff’s office, and we go into our
evidence room where we weigh them, we them [sic] in a bag, seal it,
There is no evidence regarding what, if anything, happened to this future
delivery of methamphetamine.
put an evidence tag on it, and then we put it in a locker and for the
evidence clerk to pick up at a later date.
. . . The tag’s got the case number, the date, the charge, and
then my name on it, my - - your signature will go on the . . . tag, it
goes on the evidence.
According to Smith, that same procedure was used in this case. Police
logged four bags of drugs, three of which were methamphetamine and one of
which was cocaine. The State admitted exhibit 31, which was the form used to
submit the drugs to the lab for testing.
After watching the recording, Investigator Smith prepared an arrest warrant
Investigator Smith waited to serve the warrant, however, until
appellant had re-upped his supply of drugs.4 The sheriff’s office had received
information that appellant would be transporting more drugs on May 14, 2009;
they pulled appellant over in a traffic stop that day in Hood County. The stop was
recorded by a device in Investigator Smith’s vehicle; the recording of the stop
was admitted as State’s Exhibit 2. According to Investigator Smith, appellant
seemed “wired up” when he pulled him over.
Appellant asked the officers to allow his brother to pick up his truck, but
officers ran a K-9 sniff on the truck, and the dog alerted to the presence of
According to Smith, “re-upping” means “they gather their money from their
. . . sales, and then they go to their dealer and they buy another quantity so they
can come back . . . with their product and start selling again.”
narcotics. Under the hood of the truck, officers found a meth pipe in a sock. 5
Rolled inside the tube of the receiver hitch, officers found a plastic baggie of what
they believed to be marijuana. They also found nine bags of a substance that
field-tested positive as methamphetamine. They logged everything they found
into evidence according to the procedure Investigator Smith testified to
previously. The recording of the stop was played for the jury.
Investigator Smith testified that the total amount of methamphetamine in
the nine bags seized from the truck was 11.2 grams, based on the report that he
had signed and that the sheriff’s office had submitted to the DPS lab when it sent
the samples to be tested. The marijuana was 13.6 grams. Investigators Smith
and Clark also seized $492.33 in cash from the truck.6
After seizing the narcotics from the truck, the investigators took them back
to the sheriff’s office and logged them into evidence. Investigator Smith testified
that all narcotics are individually packaged in a “seal-a-meal type thing” and then
put in a larger, heavier bag, which is then sealed. An evidence tag is put on the
bag with the case number, the offense, and the investigator’s signature. Also,
the investigator fills out an evidence submittal form, keeps a copy for the report,
and the original goes with the evidence for the evidence clerk to use when later
Officers attempted to fingerprint the pipe but did not find any prints.
They put the cash in an evidence bag and turned it over to the district
attorney. The trial court admitted the receipt from the D.A. into evidence.
Officers never found any of the bills that the confidential informant had used to
sending the bags to DPS for testing. The evidence is put in a locker and the
number of the locker is recorded on the evidence form. Here, the bags were sent
to DPS for testing; they were placed in a larger bag but not opened until the lab
opened them for testing.
Regarding appellant’s possible intent to deliver the drugs found in the truck
on May 14, 2009, Investigator Smith testified that such evidence was from the
separate packaging, i.e., the meth was “broken down into little packages for
sale.” He agreed the small packages were in relatively uniform amounts. They
also took into consideration the cash on appellant when they found him. During
the stop, Investigator Clark answered appellant’s cell phone when it rang and
pretended to be appellant.
The sheriff’s office also took Investigator Clark’s
conversation into account in deciding whether to charge appellant with intent to
On cross-examination, defense counsel asked Investigator Smith who the
confidential informant was, and Investigator Smith identified him as Michael
Eubanks. Investigator Smith had arrested Eubanks in a prior case; Eubanks was
“working off” that charge by buying drugs from appellant.7
Investigator Smith, Eubanks brought him back the drugs that he had bought from
appellant, but he did not bring back any of the money. When asked whether
Investigator Smith explained that Eubanks was a small-time dealer who
purchased his drugs from appellant, so the sheriff’s office allowed Eubanks to
work off his drug charges by cooperating in an investigation of appellant.
Eubanks bought $90 worth of drugs and only brought back the drugs,
Investigator Smith said, “Okay” and then, “That’s correct.” One of the bags of
drugs had a tear in the seam. On the tape of the buy, Eubanks tells Investigator
Smith about the tear and says appellant had told him about it during the buy.
The tipster who told Investigator Smith that appellant was re-upping on May 14,
2009 was also Eubanks. When officers pulled appellant over on May 14, 2009,
he had a passenger named Bobby Underhill in the truck with him. Investigator
Smith admitted he did not hear Investigator Clark’s conversation with whomever
had called appellant’s cell phone.
On redirect, the prosecutor asked, “Now, do normal persons who carry cell
phones get calls on the phone asking for $20 bags of methamphetamine?”
Appellant’s counsel objected, stating that Investigator Smith had already
admitted that he had no knowledge of the conversation. The trial court overruled
the objection, and Investigator Smith answered, “Normally, they don’t.”
William Todsen, a forensic scientist with the Department of Public Safety
Crime Laboratory in Abilene, testified that he analyzed the evidence from both
the buy and the stop. He identified the bags that he had analyzed, testifying that
he unsealed them for purposes of testing and that he resealed them when he
was finished. They did not appear to have been tampered with since that time.
The bags were sealed when he got them. As for the drugs from the buy, the
methamphetamine weighed a total of 2.13 grams, and the cocaine weighed less
than one gram.
The methamphetamine seized from the truck weighed 6.01 grams, and the
marijuana weighed .42 ounces. Although Todsen did not testify to the weights of
the methamphetamine in each individual bag, he testified that they were the
same as in the lab report he had prepared, which the trial court admitted into
evidence. Todsen testified that he weighed the bags separately, then took out
whatever substance was inside and weighed just the bag; that way, he could
determine the net weight of the substance itself.
William Watt, a sergeant with the Hood County’s Sheriff’s Department,
testified that Investigators Smith and Clark called him to transport appellant to jail
after arresting him on May 14. Through Sergeant Watt, the State introduced a
DVD recording of the arrest on May 14.
Investigator Clark testified that he was the handler for Laws, the canine
who alerted on appellant’s truck. According to Investigator Clark, Laws alerted to
the passenger side of the truck.
Investigator Clark agreed that they seized
$492.33 from appellant. He said he checked the truck’s toolbox, but all he found
was an X-Box that Underhill said belonged to him. He and Investigator Smith
photographed the items they found in the truck. After they were finished, they
took the evidence to the sheriff’s office where Investigator Smith placed it into
evidence, and Investigator Clark interviewed appellant and gave him his Miranda
warnings. The interview was recorded and published to the jury. Investigator
Clark also testified that he thought appellant was under the influence of
methamphetamine at the time of the stop.
Investigator Clark testified without objection that the phone call he took on
appellant’s cell phone was from Tom who said he needed “a 20,” which
Investigator Clark understood to mean $20 of methamphetamine.
where Tom was, and the man said his aunt’s house on Brierwood. Investigator
Clark said he would be there shortly and hung up, but he never went to the street
Tom gave him because he was interviewing appellant. When Investigator Clark
interviewed appellant, he asked if he knew someone named “Tom,” and
appellant answered, “You mean Tom over on Brierwood?” Appellant tried to tell
Investigator Clark that he had just bought the truck that day, but Investigator
Clark had pulled appellant over in the same truck “probably a couple of weeks
On cross-examination, appellant’s counsel asked if Investigator Clark knew
what number Tom had been trying to call or whether he had tried to call Tom
back to verify whom he had been trying to call. He asked what exactly Tom had
said; Investigator Clark answered that he could not recall specifically but that “he
had called and asked for Charlie, for Mr. Blackwell, and stated he wanted a $20
bag of methamphetamine.” Investigator Clark denied that Tom had spoken in
“code” or that people who called asking for drugs commonly asked for them in
code. When asked if he stated the conversation differently in his report from May
14, 2009, Investigator Clark said,
That’s what I put in my report, is what was said. Okay? I said
I didn’t remember obviously every detail, you know, that - - that - - of
the conversation, but the basic terminology that was used to
obviously to show that Mr. Blackwell was selling drugs was what was
put in the report.
Upon questioning by defense counsel, Investigator Clark admitted that
proof that appellant was selling drugs was important to both him and Investigator
Smith. In his closing argument, appellant’s counsel urged the jury to find that
appellant had been framed by Eubanks, who manipulated the buy and later put
the drugs in appellant’s truck. He also argued that Eubanks had borrowed Tom’s
phone and called, pretending to be Tom so that he could set up appellant.
Investigator Clark testified that he did not know Eubanks before the buy.
Appellant contends the evidence is insufficient because there is a lack of
physical evidence linking appellant to the drugs, there are inconsistencies in
Investigator Smith’s and Investigator Clark’s testimony, Investigators Smith and
Clark mishandled the evidence by giving appellant’s X-Box to Underhill when
they pulled him over on May 14, 2009, and the evidence shows Eubanks could
have framed him.
With regard to the buy, the jury could have compared the voice of “Charlie”
on the videotaped recording to appellant’s voice in the other recordings
introduced into evidence and concluded that appellant was, indeed, the person
from whom Eubanks bought cocaine and methamphetamine on April 17, 2009.
Although appellant makes much of the fact that Eubanks bought only $90 worth
of drugs that day and did not bring back the remaining $310, Eubanks makes it
clear on the recording that he gave the remaining $310 to appellant for more
methamphetamine. That the jury was not told what happened to the rest of that
methamphetamine does not bear upon its decision that appellant actually sold
Eubanks 2.13 grams of methamphetamine and less than one gram of cocaine
Appellant contends that Investigator Smith’s testimony was not credible
because there is a discrepancy in the weight of the drugs as reported to the lab
by Investigator Smith and the weight reported by the lab. But Investigator Smith
did not testify as to the method he used to weigh the drugs; Todsen, the DPS
forensic scientist, testified that he determined the net weight of the substances
independent of the bags they were contained in. The jury could have believed
that the discrepancy was due to differences in the way the substances were
weighed by Investigator Smith and Todsen.
Moreover, the weights used for
purposes of charging appellant were the lesser weights determined by Todsen.
Appellant also contends Investigator Clark’s testimony was inconsistent
because he initially said Laws had never alerted to a “false positive” but later
changed his testimony and said he had; additionally, according to appellant,
Investigator Clark initially said he had never seen appellant until the May 14,
2009 traffic stop but then later said he had stopped him a couple of weeks before
the May 14, 2009 traffic stop. Investigator Clark testified on direct that there was
nothing he could do to make Laws alert to a false positive and agreed Laws
would only alert if “he detects that odor.” On cross-examination, Investigator
Clark answered yes when asked whether Laws had ever alerted on a vehicle
where no drugs were found. However, he said that Laws had never alerted on a
vehicle where no drugs had been at some point in the past. If Laws alerted and
no drugs were found, it was because the person using the vehicle had admitted
using drugs in the past in the vehicle.
Contrary to appellant’s argument,
Investigator Clark did not contradict himself. Investigator Clark testified that he
had seen appellant driving the truck on other occasions. He later testified that he
had stopped appellant once before the May 14, 2009 stop. Thus, he did not
testify that May 14, 2009 was the first time he saw appellant driving the truck.8
Appellant also contends that the evidence is insufficient because
Investigator Clark testified that appellant had care, custody, and control of the
truck on May 14, 2009, yet Investigator Clark testified that he nevertheless gave
The exchange was as follows:
Q Okay. Now, one thing - - you said that you had stopped him
before, is that right?
A Yes, sir. I don’t remember exactly the date, but I had stopped - stopped him one time before.
Q Was he in that same vehicle when you stopped him before?
A Yes, sir, that’s correct.
Q Okay. Had you ever seen him driving any other vehicles besides
A No, sir. Because that’s - - that was first time I had dealt with him
on the first stop. [Emphasis added.]
the X-Box found in the truck’s toolbox to the passenger, Underhill, rather than
appellant. According to Investigator Clark, Underhill said the X-Box belonged to
him, and because the officers had Underhill’s “information,” they gave the X-Box
to him. They did not ask appellant first if the X-Box belonged to him; Investigator
Clark thought appellant may have already been taken to jail by that time.
Nevertheless, there is evidence that the drugs in the truck belonged to appellant;
Investigator Clark testified that he had stopped appellant in the truck before and
that he had seen appellant driving the truck before, and appellant tried to deceive
the investigators by telling them he had just bought the truck that day.
Christensen v. State, 240 S.W.3d 25, 35 (Tex. App.––Houston [1st Dist.] 2007,
pet. ref’d) (holding that deception after an alleged crime is one circumstance that
may permit an inference of guilt when combined with other evidence). Moreover,
both officers thought appellant was high on methamphetamine that day, and on
the recordings of the stop and interview, appellant appears to be agitated and
does not stop moving.
We must presume that the factfinder resolved any
conflicting inferences in favor of the prosecution and defer to that resolution.
Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307, 326, 99 S. Ct. 2781, 2793 (1979); Clayton v.
State, 235 S.W.3d 772, 778 (Tex. Crim. App. 2007). We conclude and hold that
despite the minor discrepancies in the evidence alleged by appellant, the
evidence is nevertheless sufficient to prove each of the offenses beyond a
We overrule appellant’s second issue.
No Corroboration Required Under Article 38.141
In his first issue, appellant complains that the confidential informant’s
“testimony” was insufficiently corroborated.
Article 38.141(a) of the code of
criminal procedure provides,
A defendant may not be convicted of an offense under
Chapter 481, Health and Safety Code, on the testimony of a person
who is not a licensed peace officer or a special investigator but who
is acting covertly on behalf of a law enforcement agency or under
the color of law enforcement unless the testimony is corroborated by
other evidence tending to connect the defendant with the offense
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 38.141(a) (West 2005). The plain language of
the statute provides that a licensed peace officer’s testimony does not need to be
corroborated. Payan v. State, 199 S.W.3d 380, 383 (Tex. App.––Houston [1st
Dist.] 2006, pet. ref’d), cert. denied, 549 U.S. 1170 (2007). Here, Eubanks did
not testify; only Investigators Smith and Clark testified.
38.141 does not apply, and no additional corroboration was required. See id.
We overrule appellant’s first issue. In addition, because article 38.141 was not
applicable, the trial court was not required to give the jury an instruction
regarding corroboration; we therefore overrule appellant’s third issue as well.
Crawford Error Not Preserved
In his fourth issue, appellant contends that the trial court allowed evidence
in violation of Crawford; however, appellant did not object to the evidence on
Crawford or Confrontation Clause grounds. Accordingly, we conclude and hold
that he failed to preserve error; we overrule his fourth issue. See Tex. R. App. P.
33.1(a)(1); Courson v. State, 160 S.W.3d 125, 129 (Tex. App.––Fort Worth 2005,
Counsel Not Ineffective
In his fifth issue, appellant contends that his counsel was ineffective for
failing to file pretrial motions related to the confidential informant’s involvement in
the case, failing to object to hearsay, including the “testimony” of the confidential
informant, eliciting damaging hearsay, and failing to effectively cross-examine
Standard of Review
To establish ineffective assistance of counsel, appellant must show by a
preponderance of the evidence that his counsel’s representation fell below the
standard of prevailing professional norms and that there is a reasonable
probability that, but for counsel’s deficiency, the result of the trial would have
been different. Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687, 104 S. Ct. 2052,
2064 (1984); Salinas v. State, 163 S.W.3d 734, 740 (Tex. Crim. App. 2005);
Mallett v. State, 65 S.W.3d 59, 62–63 (Tex. Crim. App. 2001); Thompson v.
State, 9 S.W.3d 808, 812 (Tex. Crim. App. 1999).
In evaluating the effectiveness of counsel under the first prong, we look to
the totality of the representation and the particular circumstances of each case.
Thompson, 9 S.W.3d at 813. The issue is whether counsel’s assistance was
reasonable under all the circumstances and prevailing professional norms at the
time of the alleged error. See Strickland, 466 U.S. at 688–89, 104 S. Ct. at 2065.
Review of counsel’s representation is highly deferential, and the reviewing court
indulges a strong presumption that counsel’s conduct fell within a wide range of
reasonable representation. Salinas, 163 S.W.3d at 740; Mallett, 65 S.W.3d at
A reviewing court will rarely be in a position on direct appeal to fairly
evaluate the merits of an ineffective assistance claim. Salinas, 163 S.W.3d at
740; Thompson, 9 S.W.3d at 813–14. “In the majority of cases, the record on
direct appeal is undeveloped and cannot adequately reflect the motives behind
trial counsel’s actions.” Salinas, 163 S.W.3d at 740 (quoting Mallett, 65 S.W.3d
at 63). To overcome the presumption of reasonable professional assistance,
“any allegation of ineffectiveness must be firmly founded in the record, and the
record must affirmatively demonstrate the alleged ineffectiveness.” Id. (quoting
Thompson, 9 S.W.3d at 813). It is not appropriate for an appellate court to
simply infer ineffective assistance based upon unclear portions of the record.
Mata v. State, 226 S.W.3d 425, 432 (Tex. Crim. App. 2007).
The second prong of Strickland requires a showing that counsel’s errors
were so serious that they deprived the defendant of a fair trial, i.e., a trial with a
reliable result. Strickland, 466 U.S. at 687, 104 S. Ct. at 2064. In other words,
appellant must show there is a reasonable probability that, but for counsel’s
unprofessional errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different. Id.
at 694, 104 S. Ct. at 2068. A reasonable probability is a probability sufficient to
undermine confidence in the outcome. Id. The ultimate focus of our inquiry must
be on the fundamental fairness of the proceeding in which the result is being
challenged. Id. at 697, 104 S. Ct. at 2070.
Appellant does not specifically state which, if any, pretrial motions would
have changed the outcome of these cases. Trial counsel’s failure to file pretrial
motions generally does not result in ineffective assistance of counsel.
State, 303 S.W.3d 863, 879 (Tex. App.––Fort Worth 2009, pet. ref’d).
Appellant’s complaint is that trial counsel failed to appreciate the hearsay issue
regarding the confidential informant. However, as we have explained, Eubanks
did not testify, and counsel may have had a reasonable strategy for not objecting
at trial to Investigator Smith’s testimony that Eubanks called him and said
appellant had re-upped, giving officers the information they wanted to pull
appellant over the second time. Specifically, trial counsel argued in his closing
that Eubanks framed appellant.
See Lopez v. State, PD-0481-10, 2011 WL
2408942, at *3 (Tex. Crim. App. June 15, 2011) (reiterating that when appellate
court is faced with silent record regarding trial counsel’s reasons for his or her
actions or omissions at trial, court must assume “that counsel had a strategy if
any reasonably sound strategic motivation can be imagined”).
Moreover, although appellant complains that his counsel failed to object to
evidence regarding the phone call from Tom, and additionally elicited “damaging”
hearsay about what “Tom” said on the phone, 9 counsel apparently employed that
call as part of his strategy of claiming that Eubanks framed appellant. In his
closing, counsel suggested that Eubanks had called on appellant’s cell phone,
pretending to be Tom. Also, in questioning Investigator Clark about what exactly
Tom had said, counsel showed that Investigator Clark’s memory of the call was
not very detailed and that no follow-up investigation was done to determine that a
man named Tom on Brierwood was indeed the person whom Investigator Clark
had talked with.
According to appellant, his trial counsel also did a poor job of crossexamining Todsen and asked only two questions of Sergeant Watt. Although
trial counsel’s cross-examination of Todsen was brief, trial counsel asked Todsen
whether he had investigated if the drugs he had weighed belonged to appellant.
Todsen said no and that he had just tested them to see what was in them. This
cross-examination fits in with a defense strategy of claiming the drugs did not
belong to appellant and were planted by Eubanks; the weight of the drugs or the
lab’s methodology would not be important.
Sergeant Watt’s testimony on direct was only seven pages in the record.
He testified that he was called to pick up appellant and transport him to the jail;
he did not see any additional drugs other than what the investigators had already
Appellant also complains that trial counsel failed to object to Investigator
Smith’s “hearsay” testimony about the weight of the drugs, but Investigator Smith
testified to the results he determined based on his own weighing of the drugs
before sending them to the DPS lab.
found. Sergeant Watt also testified that appellant had asked if the truck could be
released to his brother. Although trial counsel’s cross-examination of Sergeant
Watt was brief, it was also not inconsistent with his apparent strategy, nor was
Sergeant Watt a crucial witness for the State.
The right to effective assistance does not guarantee errorless counsel but
rather objectively reasonable representation. Id. at *3. We will not second-guess
trial counsel’s apparent strategy of arguing that the evidence as admitted was
equally consistent with appellant’s being framed by Eubanks, especially with a
record that is silent on counsel’s reasons. See id. at *3–4.
We overrule appellant’s fifth issue.
Having overruled appellant’s five issues, we affirm the trial court’s
PANEL: LIVINGSTON, C.J.; MCCOY and GABRIEL, JJ.
DO NOT PUBLISH
Tex. R. App. P. 47.2(b)
DELIVERED: July 21, 2011