Burton v State
Burton v State
1948 OK CR 124
200 P.2d 772
88 Okl.Cr. 147
Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals
1. Appeal and Error-Appeal not Considered Where Appellant Has Left Jurisdiction of Court. Where defendant has been convicted and sentenced and perfects an appeal, Criminal Court of Appeals will not consider his appeal unless the defendant is where he can be made to respond to any judgment or order it may render and enter in the case.
2. Same Dismissal Where Defendant Is Fugitive From Justice, and Has Waived His Right to Appeal. Where subsequent to filing of appeal in Criminal Court of Appeals, from a conviction sustained in district court, the defendant is arrested, tried and convicted of another crime and thereafter escapes from jail and becomes a fugitive from justice, and a period of five months elapses and the accused is still a fugitive from justice, the Criminal Court of Appeals will consider that defendant has waived the right to have his conviction reviewed for the reason that he cannot be made to respond to any judgment the Criminal Court of Appeals may enter in the said appealed case, and the appeal will be dismissed.
Appeal from District Court., Blaine County; Tom R. Blaine, Judge.
Frank Burton was convicted of burglary in the second degree, second offense, and he appeals, and the State moves to dismiss the appeal. Motion sustained and appeal dismissed.
Falkenstine & Fisher, of Watonga, for plaintiff in error.
Mac Q. Williamson, Atty. Gen., and Lewis A. Wallace, Asst. Atty. Gen., for defendant in error.
JONES, J. The defendant, Frank Burton, was charged in the district court of Blaine county with the crime of burglary in the second degree, second offense, was tried, convicted and sentenced to serve five years in the State Penitentiary, and has appealed.
The Attorney General has filed a motion to dismiss the appeal in which it is alleged that subsequent to the conviction in the district court of Blaine county, and while the appeal was pending in this court, the defendant committed the crime of forgery in the second degree, and thereafter, on March 15, 1948, the defendant entered a plea of guilty to said charge of forgery and was sentenced to serve a term of two years imprisonment in the State Penitentiary; that on March 19, 1948, the said defendant, Frank Burton, escaped from the county jail of Custer county at Clinton while awaiting transportation to the State Penitentiary and has not been recaptured, his whereabouts are unknown, and the said Frank Burton has been a fugitive from justice at all times since March 19, 1948, and is therefore unable to appear and respond to any judgment that may be rendered against him on appeal by this court.
A copy of said motion to dismiss was served upon the attorneys for the defendant. Thereafter, the matter came on for hearing before this court, at which time the Attorney General introduced evidence in support of his motion to dismiss and no response was filed to the motion to dismiss and no evidence was introduced on behalf of defendant to refute the allegations of the motion to dismiss.
The Criminal Court of Appeals prefers to determine cases upon their merits and is reluctant to dismiss an appeal for any cause. For that reason, the motion to dismiss the appeal was taken under advisement until a period of five months has now elapsed. The defendant is still a fugitive and it is apparent that he will not appear to respond to the judgment of this court if the appeal is decided against him.
In the case of Kuykendall v. State, 82 Okla. Cr. 228, 168 P.2d 142, it is stated:
"Where defendant has been convicted and sentenced and perfects an appeal, Criminal Court of. Appeals will not consider his appeal unless the defendant is where he can be made to respond to any judgment or order it may render and enter in the case."