SOWDER (CHARLES R.) VS. GLOVER (TINA), ET AL.Annotate this Case
RENDERED: APRIL 3, 2009; 10:00 A.M.
NOT TO BE PUBLISHED
Commonwealth of Kentucky
Court of Appeals
CHARLES R. SOWDER, M.D.
APPEAL FROM FRANKLIN CIRCUIT COURT
HONORABLE THOMAS D. WINGATE, JUDGE
ACTION NO. 05-CI-00787
TINA GLOVER AND UTICA
NATIONAL INSURANCE GROUP
OPINION AND ORDER
** ** ** ** **
BEFORE: KELLER, MOORE AND THOMPSON, JUDGES.
THOMPSON, JUDGE: Charles R. Sowder, M.D. appeals from an order of the
Franklin Circuit Court denying his motion for summary judgment in a medical
malpractice action based on Tina Glover’s alleged violation of the applicable
statute of limitations. Because this appeal is interlocutory in nature, we do not
have jurisdiction to hear the matter and must dismiss.
On June 7, 2004, Tina Glover sustained a work-related injury to her
left ring finger and was taken to the emergency room at Franklin Hospital, Inc.,
d/b/a Frankfort Regional Medical Center (Medical Center). One year later, on
June 7, 2005, Glover filed a medical malpractice action against the Medical Center,
Southeastern Emergency Physicians, Inc. (SEP), and Dr. Timothy Carroll, alleging
that the defendants carelessly and negligently treated her injury. In his answer, Dr.
Carroll denied providing care and treatment to Glover at the Medical Center.
When the complaint was filed, Glover alleges that she believed that
Dr. Carroll had treated her in the emergency room because his name appeared on
hospital records as the attending physician. However, during Glover’s deposition
on September 13, 2005, counsel for Dr. Carroll and SEP stated that Dr. Charles
Sowder, not Dr. Carroll, had treated Glover in the emergency room. Subsequently,
after the Medical Center was dismissed from the action and Dr. Sowder filed an
affidavit stating that he was the attending physician, Glover filed an amended
complaint naming Dr. Sowder as a defendant on August 31, 2007. Following the
amended complaint, all parties except Dr. Sowder were dismissed from the action
based on various defenses.
On November 16, 2007, Dr. Sowder filed a motion for summary
judgment, alleging that Glover’s action was time-barred pursuant to Kentucky
Revised Statutes (KRS) 413.140. In response, Glover stated that she relied on the
hospital’s records that Dr. Carroll was her emergency room physician. She argued
that she discovered that Dr. Sowder treated her only after receiving Dr. Sowder’s
affidavit in August 2007. Thus, due to the hospital’s inaccurate recordkeeping, she
contended that the statute of limitations was tolled until her discovery of Dr.
Sowder. Finding that Glover reasonably relied on the Medical Center’s records,
the trial court denied Dr. Sowder’s motion for summary judgment. This appeal
While neither party has raised the issue, the denial of a motion for
summary judgment is generally not appealable because of its interlocutory nature.
First Com. Bank of Prestonsburg v. West, 55 S.W.3d 829, 830 (Ky.App. 2000).
However, there is an exception to this rule where “(1) the facts are not in dispute,
(2) the only basis of the ruling is a matter of law, (3) there is a denial of the motion,
and (4) there is an entry of a final judgment with an appeal therefrom.” Id.
quoting Transportation Cabinet, Bureau of Highways, Commonwealth of Kentucky
v. Leneave, 751 S.W.2d 36, 37 (Ky.App. 1988).
Under the facts of this case, the exception to the general rule does not
apply because this appeal is not from a final judgment. Although the summary
judgment included the finality language of CR1 54.02, this inclusion cannot change
the interlocutory nature of the judgment because no claim or right of any party was
conclusively decided by the trial court’s decision, which is a requirement of a final
judgment. Roman Catholic Bishop of Louisville v. Burden, 168 S.W.3d 414, 419
Kentucky Rules of Civil Procedure (CR).
For the foregoing reason, the above-styled appeal is ORDERED
This appeal is hereby dismissed as it is interlocutory in nature.
ENTERED: April 3, 2009
/s/ Kelly Thompson
JUDGE, COURT OF APPEALS
BRIEF FOR APPELLANT:
BRIEF FOR APPELLEE TINA
William P. Swain
Susan D. Phillips
Sara Clark Davis
NO BRIEF FILED ON BEHALF OF
APPELLEE UTICA NATIONAL