United States v. Lorenzo Smith

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Court Description: Criminal case - Sentencing. Sentence was not unreasonable; district court did not err in imposing a two-level enhancement under Guidelines Sec. 2D1.2(b)(1) for possession of a firearm in connection with defendant's drug offense.
Download PDF United States Court of Appeals FOR THE EIGHTH CIRCUIT ___________ No. 06-1849 ___________ United States of America, Appellee, v. Lorenzo Smith, Appellant. * * * * Appeal from the United States * District Court for the * Western District of Missouri. * * [UNPUBLISHED] * ___________ Submitted: June 27, 2007 Filed: July 9, 2007 ___________ Before RILEY, MAGILL, and MELLOY, Circuit Judges. ___________ PER CURIAM. Lorenzo Smith (Smith) appeals the 87-month prison sentence the district court1 imposed after Smith pleaded guilty to conspiring to distribute a mixture or substance containing more than 100 kilograms of a detectable amount of marijuana. For reversal, he argues that his sentence at the top of his Guidelines range was unreasonable in light of mitigating factors, and that the standard used by the district court in applying a 2-level weapon enhancement under the Guidelines was unconstitutional. 1 The Honorable Ortrie D. Smith, United States District Judge for the Western District of Missouri. Upon careful review of the record, we conclude the district court did not abuse its discretion in sentencing Smith to 87 months in prison. See United States v. Haack, 403 F.3d 997, 1003 (8th Cir.) (standard of review), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 276 (2005). We afford a presumption of reasonableness to the district courtâ s sentence, which was within the advisory Sentencing Guidelines range. See Rita v. United States, No. 065754, 2007 WL 1772146, at *6-9 (U.S. June 21, 2007) (affirming the application of a presumption of reasonableness by a court of appeals to a district courtâ s sentence that reflects a proper application of the Sentencing Guidelines); United States v. Mickelson, 433 F.3d 1050, 1056 (8th Cir. 2006) (concluding sentences within the applicable Guidelines range are presumptively reasonable). The district court appropriately considered the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors, weighing any mitigating factors against the seriousness of Smithâ s offense and his criminal history. See Mickelson, 433 F.3d at 1056 (deciding a sentence at the top of the Guidelines range is not unreasonable where the district court considered the offense to be very serious and discounted the importance of defendantâ s mitigating factors). Regarding the 2-level weapon enhancement, we further conclude the district court did not clearly err in finding a connection between the guns and the offense was not improbable. See United States v. Rodriguez, 484 F.3d 1006, 1016-17 (8th Cir. 2007) (â Section 2D1.1(b)(1) of the Sentencing Guidelines authorizes a two-level enhancement if the defendant possessed a dangerous weapon, including a firearm, in connection with a drug offense â unless it is clearly improbable that the weapon was connected with the offense.â â (quoting U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1 cmt. n.3)); United States v. Lopez, 416 F.3d 713, 715 (8th Cir. 2005) (standard of review); United States v. Payne, 81 F.3d 759, 763 (8th Cir. 1996) (finding a connection between guns and the offense is shown where weapons are found in same location where drugs or drug paraphernalia are stored or where part of conspiracy takes place); United States v. Betz, 82 F.3d 205, 210-11 (8th Cir. 1996) (upholding an enhancement where firearms were not found in the same shed as marijuana, but were elsewhere on defendantâ s property). Smithâ s challenge to the constitutionality of the weapon enhancement -2- standard is foreclosed because he did not raise the issue in the district court. See Payne, 81 F.3d at 764 (holding a due process challenge to the â unless clearly improbableâ standard used for weapon enhancement was not properly before the appellate court where the argument was not made in the district court). Therefore, we affirm. ______________________________ -3-