925 F.2d 1479: Gerard R. Martin, Petitioner, v. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Respondent
United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit. - 925 F.2d 1479
Jan. 18, 1991
Martin appeals the order of the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB), Docket No. DE075290170012 (June 7, 1990), denying Martin's petition for review of the MSPB's initial decision dismissing Martin's appeal as untimely filed. Martin had filed with the MSPB an appeal which challenged his resignation from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as involuntary. We affirm.
The MSPB must dismiss an appeal if the appellant fails to submit the appeal within 20 days of the effective date of the action being appealed, unless the appellant shows good reason for the delay. 5 C.F.R. Sec. 1201.22(b & c). Martin is here appealing his separation resulting from his discontinued service retirement, effective October 13, 1989, not the later denial of his request for disability retirement. Unlike the parties in some of the cases cited by Martin, the MSPB found, in light of many factors, including Martin's experience at FEMA with federal employee disciplinary proceedings and his pre-resignation consultation with an attorney, that Martin "knew, or should have known, that the right to appeal to the Board must be exercised within 20 days of the effective date of the action being appealed." The MSPB therefore found that the one year and ten day delay in filing was not excusable, and dismissed Martin's appeal.
This Court can set aside the MSPB's decision dismissing Martin's petition only if that decision was:
(1) unsupported by substantial evidence;
(2) arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion or otherwise not in accordance with law; or
(3) obtained without procedures required by law, rule, or regulation.
5 U.S.C. Sec. 7703(c). The MSPB's decision has not been shown to violate this standard, and therefore must be upheld.