Article IV - Legislative
(a) (1) The Senate has a membership of 40 Senators elected for 4-year terms, 20 to begin every 2 years.
(2) The Assembly has a membership of 80 members elected for 2-year terms.
(3) The terms of a Senator or a Member of the Assembly shall commence on the first Monday in December next following her or his election.
(4) During her or his lifetime a person may serve no more than 12 years in the Senate, the Assembly, or both, in any combination of terms. This subdivision shall apply only to those Members of the Senate or the Assembly who are first elected to the Legislature after the effective date of this subdivision and who have not previously served in the Senate or Assembly. Members of the Senate or Assembly who were elected before the effective date of this subdivision may serve only the number of terms allowed at the time of the last election before the effective date of this subdivision.
(b) Election of members of the Assembly shall be on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years unless otherwise prescribed by the Legislature. Senators shall be elected at the same time and places as members of the Assembly.
(c) A person is ineligible to be a member of the Legislature unless the person is an elector and has been a resident of the legislative district for one year, and a citizen of the United States and a resident of California for 3 years, immediately preceding the election, and service of the full term of office to which the person is seeking to be elected would not exceed the maximum years of service permitted by subdivision (a) of this section.
(d) When a vacancy occurs in the Legislature the Governor immediately shall call an election to fill the vacancy.
(Sec. 2 amended June 5, 2012, by Prop. 28. Initiative measure.)