2021 Wyoming Statutes
Title 27 - Labor and Employment
Chapter 14 - Worker's Compensation
Article 1 - Generally
Section 27-14-108 - Extrahazardous Industries, Employments, Occupations; Enumeration; Definitions; Optional Coverage.
27-14-108. Extrahazardous industries, employments, occupations; enumeration; definitions; optional coverage.
(a) This act applies to the following, which shall be deemed extrahazardous employment:
(i) Repealed by Laws 2002, Ch. 30, § 2.
(ii) Regardless of individual occupation, all workers employed in the following sectors, subsectors, industry groups and industries, as each is defined in the most recent edition of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) manual:
(A) Agriculture, sector 11:
(1) Industry group 1133, logging.
(B) Mining, sector 21;
(C) Utilities, sector 22;
(D) Construction, sector 23;
(E) Manufacturing, sector 31-33;
(F) Wholesale trade, sector 42:
(I) Subsector 422, wholesale trade, nondurable goods:
(1) Industry group 4225, farm product raw materials, wholesale;
(2) Industry group 4226, chemical and allied products, wholesale;
(3) Industry group 4227, petroleum and petroleum products, wholesale;
(4) Industry group 4228, beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverages, wholesale;
(5) Industry group 4229, miscellaneous nondurable goods, wholesale.
(G) Retail trade, sector 44-45:
(I) Subsector 441, motor vehicle and parts dealer;
(II) Subsector 444, building materials and garden equipment and supplies:
(1) Industry group 4441, building materials and supplies dealers:
a. NAICS industry 44419, other building materials.
(III) Subsector 445, food and beverage stores:
(1) Industry group 4452, specialty food stores:
a. NAICS industry 44521, meat markets;
b. NAICS industry 44522, fish and seafood markets;
c. NAICS industry 44529, other specialty stores.
(IV) Subsector 447, gasoline stations;
(V) Subsector 454, nonstore retailers:
(1) Industry group 4543, direct selling establishments:
a. NAICS industry 45431, fuel dealers.
(H) Transportation and warehousing, sector 48-49:
(I) Subsector 481, air transportation;
(II) Subsector 484, truck transportation;
(III) Subsector 485, urban transit systems;
(IV) Subsector 486, pipeline transportation;
(V) Subsector 491, postal service;
(VI) Subsector 492, couriers and messengers;
(VII) Subsector 493, warehousing and storage.
(J) Information, sector 51:
(I) Subsector 511, publishing industries:
(1) Industry group 5111, newspaper, periodical, book and database publishers.
(K) Real estate and rental and leasing, sector 53:
(I) Subsector 531, real estate:
(1) Industry group 5311, lessors of real estate.
(II) Subsector 532, rental and leasing services:
(1) Industry group 5321, automotive equipment rental and leasing.
(M) Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services, sector 56:
(I) Subsector 561, administrative and support services:
(1) Industry group 5616, investigation, guard and armored car services;
(2) Industry group 5617, services to buildings and dwellings.
(II) Subsector 562, waste management and remediation services.
(N) Educational services, sector 61:
(I) Subsector 611, educational services:
(1) Industry group 6116, other schools and instruction:
a. NAICS industry 61161, fine arts schools;
b. NAICS industry 61162, sports and recreation instruction;
c. NAICS industry 61169, all other schools and instruction:
i. United States NAICS industry 611692, automobile driving schools.
(O) Health care and social services, sector 62:
(I) Subsector 621, ambulatory health care services;
(II) Subsector 622, hospitals;
(III) Subsector 623, nursing and residential care facilities;
(IV) Subsector 624, social assistance:
(1) Industry group 6241, individual and family services;
(2) Industry group 6242, community food and housing, and emergency and other relief services;
(3) Industry group 6243, vocational rehabilitation services.
(P) Except as provided under subsection (o) of this section, arts, entertainment and recreation, sector 71;
(Q) Accommodation and food services, sector 72;
(R) Other services (except public administration), sector 81:
(I) Subsector 811, repair and maintenance;
(II) Subsector 812, personal and laundry services:
(1) Industry group 8123, dry-cleaning and laundry services;
(2) Industry group 8129, other personal services:
a. NAICS industry 81291, pet care (except veterinary services).
(S) Public administration, sector 92:
(I) Subsector 922, justice, public order and safety activities:
(1) Industry group 9221, justice, public order and safety activities:
a. NAICS industry 92212, police protection;
b. NAICS industry 92214, correctional institutions;
c. NAICS industry 92215, fire protection, including firefighters while performing under the direction of a duly authorized officer in charge and engaged in competition at employer sanctioned training events, construction, maintenance or improvement of equipment or facilities utilized in fire protection activities, fundraising, civic affairs or other similar authorized activities.
(II) Subsector 923, administration of human resource programs:
(1) Industry group 9231, administration of human resource programs:
a. NAICS industry 92312, administration of public health programs;
b. NAICS industry 92313, administration of human resource programs (except education, public health and veterans' affairs programs);
c. NAICS industry 92314, administration of veterans' affairs.
(III) Subsector 924, administration of environmental quality programs.
(b) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 33, § 2.
(c) Repealed By Laws 1996, ch. 71, § 2, 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(d) This act applies to governmental entities engaged in an industrial classification listed under subsection (a) of this section and to employees of governmental entities engaged in or employed as the following:
(i) Janitors, groundskeepers and maintenance workers;
(ii) Federal programs which require coverage for their participants;
(iii) State employees and effective until June 30, 2002, employees of the University of Wyoming while traveling in the performance of their duties;
(iv) Repealed By Laws 2001, Ch. 132, § 2.
(v) Repealed By Laws 2001, Ch. 132, § 2.
(vi) Casual employees engaged in fighting forest or grass fires when employed by a governmental entity;
(vii) Applicants or recipients of general welfare or relief who are employed by a governmental entity;
(viii) Repealed By Laws 2001, Ch. 132, § 2.
(ix) All adult and juvenile prisoners and probationers when performing work pursuant to law or court order;
(x) Diagnostic and analytical laboratory employees;
(xi) Hazardous substance workers;
(xii) Power equipment operators;
(xiii) Motor delivery drivers;
(xiv) Workshop employees;
(xv) Persons performing community service pursuant to a criminal sentencing order or a diversion agreement entered into with a prosecuting authority, if the governing body of the jurisdiction for whom the service is performed has made a prior written election of coverage for the community service work;
(xvi) Public school educational assistants who provide services to special education students while working directly with special education students and certified special education teachers and related services providers as defined by 34 C.F.R. 300.18 and 300.156 and W.S. 21-2-802 and 21-7-303 who provide services to eligible students while working directly with eligible students;
(xvii) County coroners and deputy county coroners;
(xviii) Fire protection, including firefighters while performing under the direction of a duly authorized officer in charge and engaged in competition at employer sanctioned training events, construction, maintenance or improvement of equipment or facilities utilized in the fire protection activities, fundraising, civic affairs or similar authorized activities;
(xix) A member of the legislature while engaged in an activity or traveling to or from an activity in the member's official capacity as a member of the legislature. [NOTE: This paragraph will be effective 1/2/2023.]
(e) Specifically enumerated volunteers to whom this act applies are:
(i) Firefighters while:
(B) Performing rescue work;
(C) Participating in a hazardous material response;
(D) Responding to any other situation where the health or safety of the public is at risk;
(E) Training for the activities enumerated in subparagraphs (A) through (D) and (F) of this paragraph, including while engaged in competition at employer sanctioned training events;
(F) Constructing, maintaining or improving equipment or facilities utilized in the activities enumerated in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of this paragraph; or
(G) Performing under the direction of a duly authorized officer in charge and engaged in fundraising, civic affairs or other similar authorized activities.
(ii) Search and rescue personnel;
(iii) Law enforcement personnel;
(iv) Search pilots;
(v) Mine rescue workers;
(vi) Ambulance personnel;
(vii) Hazardous substance workers;
(viii) Emergency management agency personnel;
(ix) Elected county or local officials volunteering to perform governmental services on behalf of the jurisdiction to which they are elected, where the services are outside of the elected officials' regular duties, if the governing body of the jurisdiction has made a prior written election of coverage for the volunteer work;
(x) Volunteers working on projects approved by the Wyoming game and fish commission or the Wyoming department of state parks and cultural resources;
(xi) Law enforcement aides while:
(A) Conducting patrols, reporting suspicious activities or controlling traffic and crowds on an authorized work schedule agreed to by and within the jurisdiction of the law enforcement agency to which the volunteer service is provided;
(B) Training under the auspices of a law enforcement agency.
(f) As used in this section:
(i) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 33, § 2.
(ii) "Diagnostic and analytical laboratory employees" means all laboratory personnel handling or analyzing or otherwise exposed to infections, chemical or biological hazardous materials or employed in a laboratory in which infections, chemical or biological hazardous materials are handled or stored;
(iii) Repealed By Laws 1999, ch. 46, § 2.
(iv) "Workshop" means any location where power driven machinery is used and manual labor is exercised by way of trade or gain or otherwise incidental to the process of making, altering, repairing, printing or ornamenting, finishing or adapting for sale or otherwise any article or part of article, over which location the employer of the person working at the location has the right of access or control. Workshop includes any location where power machinery is being used and manual labor is exercised for recycling, crushing, incinerating, disposal or otherwise altering any article including but not limited to, paper products, metal, glass, rubber and plastic, over which location the employer of the person working at the location has the right of access or control. A workshop does not include any location on which only office fans, typewriters, adding machines, calculators, computers, dictaphones or other similar equipment driven by electric motors are operated which are sufficiently protected not to constitute a hazard to employees;
(v) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 33, § 2.
(vi) "Power equipment operator" means any worker who operates power machinery;
(vii) "Mine rescue team" means mine rescue workers and the employers of the workers performing actual rescue operations or training rescue operations at any underground mine pursuant to the consent of the owner of the mine and the employers of the members of the team. Mine rescue team members while engaged in mine rescue operations and training, shall be considered employees of the employer at whose mine they engage in mine rescue work;
(viii) "Hazardous substance" means those substances designated or enumerated within the notification of hazardous waste activity publication of the federal environmental protection agency;
(ix) "Hazardous substance worker" means a trained employee or volunteer involved with performing emergency response and post emergency response operations for the release or substantial threat of release of hazardous substances;
(x) "Eligible student" means a student with behavioral, emotional, cognitive, learning, physical or health disabilities who requires educational services to be provided outside of the regular classroom because the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily in the regular classroom.
(g) This act does not apply to the following:
(i) Repealed by Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(ii) Repealed By Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(iii) Repealed By Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(iv) Repealed By Laws 2006, Chapter 2, § 2.
(v) Repealed by Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(vi) Repealed By Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(vii) Repealed By Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(viii) Repealed By Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(ix) Repealed By Laws 1995, ch. 121, § 3.
(x) Those individuals excluded as an employee under W.S. 27-14-102(a)(vii)(A) through (O).
(h) Repealed by Laws 2002, Ch. 30, § 2.
(j) Any employee not enumerated under subsections (a) through (g) of this section or not employed in an extrahazardous employment enumerated under this section may be covered and subject to the provisions of this act and his employment shall be treated as if extrahazardous for purposes of this act, if his employer elects to obtain coverage under this act and makes payments as required by this act. An employer electing coverage pursuant to this subsection may only elect to cover all his employees. An employer may withdraw coverage elected under this subsection at any time if the elected coverage has been in effect for at least two (2) years and the employer is current on all contributions and payments required under this act.
(k) Any corporation, limited liability company, partnership or sole proprietorship may elect to obtain coverage under this act for any or all of its corporate officers, limited liability company members, partners in a partnership or sole proprietor by notifying the division in writing of its election upon initial registration with the division, or thirty (30) days prior to the beginning of a calendar quarter. Any employer electing coverage pursuant to this subsection shall, if it has other employees, simultaneously elect coverage for its employees, as provided in subsection (j) of this section, if those employees are not already covered under this act. Notwithstanding subsection (j) of this section, an employer shall not withdraw coverage at any time during the subsequent eight (8) calendar quarters. Application for termination of coverage under this subsection shall be filed in writing with the division. Termination of coverage shall be effective the first day of the month following the division's receipt of the notice of termination which shall specify whether the termination is for the officers, members and partners or for the officers, members, partners and all electively covered employees.
(m) Any employer may elect to obtain coverage under this act for school-to-work participants engaging in program activities at his place of business in accordance with rules and regulations of the division.
(n) Repealed by Laws 2002, Ch. 10, § 2.
(o) Notwithstanding subparagraph (a)(ii)(P) of this section and upon request of an employer, the department may exclude employment from coverage under this act if it determines the primary source of revenue of the employer's business is derived from operations classified under subparagraph (a)(ii)(P) of this section and any of the following industries:
(i) Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, sector 11:
(A) Subsector 111, crop production;
(B) Subsector 112, animal production;
(C) Subsector 113, forestry and logging:
(I) Industry group 1131, timber tract operations;
(II) Industry group 1132, forest nurseries and gathering of forest products.
(D) Subsector 115, support activities for agriculture and forestry.
(p) Any university of the state of Wyoming or any community college, school district or private or parochial school or college may elect to obtain coverage under this act for any person who may at any time be receiving training under any work or job training program for the purpose of training or learning trades or occupations. The bona fide student so placed shall be deemed an employee of the respective university, community college, school district or private or parochial school or college sponsoring the training or rehabilitation program.
(q) A team owner shall obtain coverage under this act for professional athletes as defined in W.S. 27-14-102(a)(xxix). For the purpose of determining employer contributions under this act, all professional athletes for whom coverage is obtained are deemed to be paid, for each month during which competition or team practice is held, the average monthly wage most recently computed pursuant to W.S. 27-14-802(b). Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the division shall classify professional athletes covered under this subsection under NAICS industry code number 711211, sports teams and clubs, and shall keep that classification separate for rate making purposes.