2019 Wyoming Statutes
Title 35 - Public Health and Safety
Chapter 22 - Living Will
Article 4 - Wyoming Health Care Decisions Act
Section 35-22-402 - Definitions.
(a) As used in this act:
(i) "Advance health care directive" means an individual instruction or a power of attorney for health care, or both;
(ii) "Agent" means an individual designated in a power of attorney for health care to make a health care decision for the individual granting the power;
(iii) "Artificial nutrition and hydration" means supplying food and water through a conduit, such as a tube or an intravenous line where the recipient is not required to chew or swallow voluntarily, including, but not limited to, nasogastric tubes, gastrostomies, jejunostomies and intravenous infusions. Artificial nutrition and hydration does not include assisted feeding, such as spoon or bottle feeding;
(iv) "Capacity" means an individual's ability to understand the significant benefits, risks and alternatives to proposed health care and to make and communicate a health care decision;
(v) "Community care facility" means a public or private facility responsible for the day-to-day care of persons with disabilities;
(vi) "Emancipated minor" means a minor who has become emancipated as provided in W.S. 14-1-201 through 14-1-206;
(vii) "Guardian" means a judicially appointed guardian or conservator having authority to make a health care decision for an individual;
(viii) "Health care" means any care, treatment, service or procedure to maintain, diagnose or otherwise affect an individual's physical or mental condition;
(ix) "Health care decision" means a decision made by an individual or the individual's agent, guardian, or surrogate, regarding the individual's health care, including:
(A) Selection and discharge of health care providers and institutions;
(B) Approval or disapproval of diagnostic tests, surgical procedures, programs of medication and orders not to resuscitate; and
(C) Directions to provide, withhold or withdraw artificial nutrition and hydration and all other forms of health care.
(x) "Health care institution" means an institution, facility or agency licensed, certified or otherwise authorized or permitted by law to provide health care in the ordinary course of business;
(xi) "Individual instruction" means an individual's direction concerning a health care decision for the individual;
(xii) "Physician" means an individual authorized to practice medicine under the Wyoming Medical Practice Act;
(xiii) "Power of attorney for health care" means the designation of an agent to make health care decisions for the individual granting the power;
(xiv) "Primary health care provider" means any person licensed under the Wyoming statutes practicing within the scope of that license as a licensed physician, licensed physician's assistant or licensed advanced practice registered nurse and who is designated by an individual or the individual's agent, guardian or surrogate to have primary responsibility for the individual's health care or, in the absence of a designation or if the designated provider is not reasonably available, a provider who undertakes the responsibility;
(xv) "Primary physician" means a physician designated by an individual or the individual's agent, guardian or surrogate, to have primary responsibility for the individual's health care or, in the absence of a designation or if the designated physician is not reasonably available, a physician who undertakes the responsibility;
(xvi) "Reasonably available" means able to be contacted with a level of diligence appropriate to the seriousness and urgency of a patient's health care needs and willing and able to act in a timely manner considering the urgency of the patient's health care needs;
(xvii) "Residential care facility" means a public or private facility providing for the residential and health care needs of the elderly or persons with disabilities or chronic mental illness;
(xviii) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States;
(xix) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 61, § 2.
(xx) "Surrogate" means an adult individual or individuals who:
(A) Have capacity;
(B) Are reasonably available;
(C) Are willing to make health care decisions, including decisions to initiate, refuse to initiate, continue or discontinue the use of a life sustaining procedure on behalf of a patient who lacks capacity; and
(D) Are identified by the primary health care provider in accordance with this act as the person or persons who are to make those decisions in accordance with this act.
(xxi) "This act" means W.S. 35-22-401 through 35-22-416.