2017 Wyoming Statutes
TITLE 35 - PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY
CHAPTER 22 - LIVING WILL
ARTICLE 4 - WYOMING HEALTH CARE DECISIONS ACT
SECTION 35-22-408 - Obligations of health care provider.

Universal Citation: WY Stat § 35-22-408 (2017)

35-22-408. Obligations of health care provider.

(a) Before implementing a health care decision made for a patient who is able to comprehend, a primary health care provider shall promptly communicate to the patient the decision made and may communicate the identity of the person making the decision.

(b) A primary health care provider who knows of the existence of an advance health care directive, a revocation of an advance health care directive, or a designation or disqualification of a surrogate, shall promptly record its existence in the patient's health care record and, if it is in writing, shall request a copy and if one is furnished shall arrange for its maintenance in the health care record.

(c) The primary physician who makes or is informed of a determination that a patient lacks or has recovered capacity, or that another condition exists which affects an individual instruction or the authority of an agent, guardian or surrogate, shall promptly record the determination in the patient's health care record and communicate the determination to the patient, if possible, and to any person then authorized to make health care decisions for the patient.

(d) Except as provided in subsections (e) and (f) of this section, a health care provider or institution providing care to a patient shall:

(i) Comply with an individual instruction of the patient and with a reasonable interpretation of that instruction made by a person then authorized to make health care decisions for the patient; and

(ii) Comply with a health care decision for the patient made by a person then authorized to make health care decisions for the patient to the same extent as if the decision had been made by the patient while having capacity.

(e) A health care provider may decline to comply with an individual instruction or health care decision for reasons of conscience. A health care institution may decline to comply with an individual instruction or health care decision if the instruction or decision is contrary to a written policy of the institution which is expressly based on reasons of conscience and if the policy was timely communicated to the patient or to a person then authorized to make health care decisions for the patient. The institution shall deliver the written policy upon receipt of the patient's advance directive that may conflict with the policy or upon notice from the primary health care provider that the patient's instruction or decision may be in conflict with the health care institution's policy.

(f) A health care provider or institution may decline to comply with an individual instruction or health care decision that requires medically ineffective health care or health care contrary to generally accepted health care standards applicable to the health care provider or institution.

(g) A health care provider or institution that declines to comply with an individual instruction or health care decision shall:

(i) Promptly so inform the patient, if possible, and any person then authorized to make health care decisions for the patient;

(ii) Provide continuing care, including continuing life sustaining care, to the patient until a transfer can be effected; and

(iii) Unless the patient or person then authorized to make health care decisions for the patient refuses assistance, immediately make all reasonable efforts to assist in the transfer of the patient to another health care provider or institution that is willing to comply with the instruction or decision.

(h) A health care provider or institution may not require or prohibit the execution or revocation of an advance health care directive as a condition for providing health care.

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