2016 Wyoming Code
TITLE 21 - EDUCATION
CHAPTER 3 - SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN GENERAL
ARTICLE 3 - CHARTER SCHOOLS
SECTION 21-3-304 - Charter school; requirements; authority.
21-3-304. Charter school; requirements; authority.
(a) A charter school shall be a public, nonsectarian, nonreligious, nonhome-based school which operates within a public school district. Tuition shall not be charged by a charter school.
(b) A charter school shall be a public school within the school district that grants its charter and shall be accountable to the district board for purposes of ensuring compliance with applicable laws and charter provisions and the requirements of the state constitution.
(c) A charter school shall be subject to all federal and state laws and constitutional provisions prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability, race, creed, color, gender, national origin, religion, ancestry or need for special education services. Enrollment decisions shall be made in a nondiscriminatory manner specified by the charter school applicant in the charter school application. Enrollment decisions shall not discriminate against at-risk students or special program students.
(d) A charter school shall be administered and governed by a governing body in a manner agreed to by the charter school applicant and the school district. A charter school may organize as a nonprofit corporation pursuant to the Wyoming Nonprofit Corporation Act, which shall not affect its status as a public school for any purposes under Wyoming law.
(e) A charter school, as a public school, is a governmental entity. Direct leases and financial obligations of a charter school shall not constitute debt or financial obligations of the school district unless the district board expressly assumes such obligations in writing.
(f) Notwithstanding the provisions of this article to the contrary, a charter school and the school district may agree to extend the length of the charter beyond five (5) years for the purpose of enhancing the terms of any lease or financial obligation.
(g) Pursuant to contract, a charter school may operate free from specified school district policies and state regulations. Pursuant to contract, a school district may waive locally imposed school district requirements, without seeking approval of the state board. The state board may waive state statutory requirements or rules promulgated by the state board, except that the state board shall not waive any statute or rule relating to the assessments or standards required to be administered. Upon request of the charter applicant, the state board shall provide summaries of such regulations and policies to use in preparing a charter school application. The department of education shall prepare the summary of state regulations within existing appropriations. Any waiver of state or local school district regulations made pursuant to this subsection shall be for the term of the charter for which the waiver is made, except that a waiver of state statutes or regulations by the state board shall be subject to review every two (2) years and may be revoked if the waiver is deemed no longer necessary by the state board.
(h) A charter school shall be responsible for its own operation including, but not limited to, preparation of a budget, contracting for services and personnel matters.
(j) A charter school may negotiate and contract with a school district, the governing body of a state college or university, or any third party for the use of a school building and grounds, the operation and maintenance thereof, and the provision of any service, activity or undertaking that the charter school is required to perform in order to carry out the educational program described in its charter. Any services for which a charter school contracts with a school district shall be provided by the district at cost. The charter school shall have standing to sue and be sued in its own name for the enforcement of any contract created pursuant to this subsection.
(k) A charter school shall not be required to pay rent for space which is deemed available, as negotiated by contract, in school district facilities. All other costs for the improvement, modification, operation and maintenance of the facilities used by the charter school shall be subject to negotiation between the charter school and the district board.
(m) A charter school shall be authorized to offer any educational program that may be offered by a school district unless expressly prohibited by its charter or by state law.
(n) All decisions regarding the planning, siting and inspection of charter school facilities shall be made in accordance with law and as specified by contract with the district board.
(o) The school district shall be the owner of all records of the charter school, including student, staff and public affairs records of charter school operations. Upon closure of the charter school, all charter school records shall be promptly delivered to the school district.
(p) Admission to a charter school shall not be determined solely on academic abilities or achievements, including minimum test scores or intelligence quotient scores.
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