2010 Wyoming Statutes
Title 7 - Criminal Procedure
Chapter 19 - Criminal History Records

CHAPTER 19 - CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORDS

 

ARTICLE 1 - IN GENERAL

 

7-19-101. Short title.

 

This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Wyoming Criminal History Record Act".

 

7-19-102. Scope and applicability of provisions.

 

 

(a) This act governs all systems of records for the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of individually identifiable criminal history record information by any criminal justice agency.

 

(b) This act applies to criminal history record information compiled for all felonies, high misdemeanors and other misdemeanors determined by the division pursuant to W.S. 9-1-623(a) but does not apply to violations of municipal ordinances.

 

(c) Notwithstanding any provision of this act, specific provisions relating to confidentiality of records contained in Title 14, Wyoming statutes, shall govern in those circumstances to which the more specific statute applies.

 

7-19-103. Definitions.

 

(a) As used in this act:

 

(i) "Conviction data" includes records indicating criminal justice transactions related to an offense that have resulted in a conviction, guilty plea or a plea of nolo contendere of an individual;

 

(ii) "Criminal history record information" means information, records and data compiled by criminal justice agencies on individuals for the purpose of identifying criminal offenders consisting of identifiable descriptions of the offenders and notations or a summary of arrests, detentions, indictments, information, pre-trial proceedings, nature and disposition of criminal charges, sentencing, rehabilitation, incarceration, correctional supervision and release. Criminal history record information is limited to information recorded as the result of the initiation of criminal proceedings. It does not include intelligence data, analytical prosecutorial files, investigative reports and files or statistical records and reports in which individual identities are not ascertainable, or any document signed by the governor granting a pardon, commutation of sentence, reprieve, remission of fine or forfeiture, or a restoration of civil rights by the governor or restoration of voting rights by the state board of parole;

 

(iii) "Criminal justice agency" means any agency or institution of state or local government other than the office of the public defender which performs as part of its principal function, activities relating to:

 

(A) The apprehension, investigation, prosecution, adjudication, incarceration, supervision or rehabilitation of criminal offenders;

 

(B) The collection, maintenance, storage, dissemination or use of criminal history record information.

 

(iv) "Division" means the Wyoming division of criminal investigation within the office of the attorney general;

 

(v) "High misdemeanor" means a misdemeanor for which the penalty authorized by law exceeds the jurisdiction of municipal courts;

 

(vi) "Interstate system" means all agreements, arrangements and systems for the interstate transmission and exchange of criminal history record information. The term does not include record keeping systems in the state maintained or controlled by any state or local agency, or group of agencies, even if the agencies receive or have received information through, or otherwise participate or have participated in, systems for the interstate exchange of criminal history record information;

 

(vii) "Nonconviction data" means arrest information in cases in which:

 

(A) There has been an acquittal, dismissal or annulment of verdict or plea;

 

(B) An interval of one (1) year has elapsed from the date of arrest and no active prosecution of the charge is pending;

 

(C) A law enforcement agency has elected not to refer a matter to a prosecutor;

 

(D) A prosecutor has elected not to commence criminal proceedings; or

 

(E) The proceedings have been indefinitely postponed.

 

(viii) "State" means the state of Wyoming;

 

(ix) "System of record" means any group of records under the control of a criminal justice agency from which information is retrieved using the name of the individual or some identifying number, symbol or other identifier particularly assigned to the individual. The term does not include records that are maintained only in chronological order or by numbers which are not particular to individuals;

 

(x) "This act" means W.S. 7-19-101 through 7-19-109.

 

7-19-104. Procedures to insure currentness of information; disposition and arrest data.

 

 

(a) The collection, storage, dissemination and use of criminal history record information under this act shall take place under procedures reasonably designed to ensure that all information is kept current.

 

(b) Criminal history record information collected, stored, disseminated or used under this act shall contain, to the maximum extent feasible, disposition as well as arrest data where arrest data is included.

 

7-19-105. Rules and regulations.

 

 

(a) The division shall promulgate reasonable rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of this act. The rules shall include:

 

(i) Standards and procedures to ensure the security and privacy of all criminal history record information and that the information is used only for criminal justice and other lawful purposes; and

 

(ii) Standards and procedures in conformance with this act relating to access to and dissemination of criminal history record information, research, system security, record completeness and accuracy, training, intrastate and interstate exchanges, user agreements, audits and procedures for review and challenge of records.

 

7-19-106. Access to, and dissemination of, information.

 

(a) Criminal history record information shall be disseminated by criminal justice agencies in this state, whether directly or through any intermediary, only to:

 

(i) Other criminal justice agencies;

 

(ii) Any person designated for the purpose provided by W.S. 14-6-227;

 

(iii) The department of family services;

 

(iv) Other governmental agencies as authorized by the laws of the United States or any state or by executive order;

 

(v) An individual who has met the requirements established by the division to ensure the record will be used solely as a statistical research or reporting record and that the record is to be transferred in a form that is not individually identifiable;

 

(vi) Any record subject as provided by W.S. 7-19-109;

 

(vii) The department of health;

 

(viii) The Wyoming state board of nursing for purposes of obtaining background information on applicants for licensure or certification under the board;

 

(ix) Court supervised treatment program staff solely for the purposes of utilizing the information pursuant to the Court Supervised Treatment Programs Act in title 7, chapter 13, article 6;

 

(x) The Wyoming animal euthanasia technicians board for purposes of obtaining background information on applicants for certification by the board;

 

(xi) The secretary of state, through the electronic voter registration system, for confirmation of the existence or nonexistence of felony conviction records of registered voters and of individuals seeking to register to vote. If the criminal history record information indicates that the subject's voting rights have been restored, that information shall also be provided. Notwithstanding subsection (c) of this section and W.S. 7-19-108, the subject's fingerprints shall not be required and no fee shall be charged. The necessary identifying information shall be provided to the division and the disclosures made in accordance with the terms agreed upon by the secretary of state and the attorney general;

 

(xii) The board of examiners for optometry for purposes of obtaining background information on applicants for licensure or certification by the board;

 

(xiii) Any public fire department, ambulance service, counties providing fire protection services pursuant to W.S. 18-3-509, regional emergency response team or fire protection district, using paid employees or volunteers on a full-time or part-time basis, for purposes of obtaining criminal history record information on prospective employees;

 

(xiv) The office of homeland security for purposes of obtaining background information on prospective homeland security workers and regional emergency response team participants;

 

(xv) The military department for purposes of obtaining criminal history record information on prospective employees or volunteers;

 

(xvi) The department of transportation for purposes of dealer and wholesaler licensing and permitting under title 31, chapter 16 and for purposes of performing background checks required by W.S. 31-7-103(b);

 

(xvii) The department of audit;

 

(xviii) The certified real estate appraiser board for purposes of permitting under title 33, chapter 39;

 

(xix) The state auditor;

 

(xx) The Wyoming retirement system;

 

(xxi) The board of physical therapy for purposes of obtaining background information on applicants for licensure or certification by the board;

 

(xxii) The state banking commissioner for purposes of licensing and registration pursuant to W.S. 40-14-642, 40-23-103 and 40-23-125;

 

(xxiii) The board of medicine for purposes of obtaining background information on applicants for licensure or certification by the board whose application or other information received by the board indicates the applicant has or may have been convicted of a crime, and for purposes of investigation of complaints and disciplinary action against licensees of the board;

 

(xxiv) The board of midwifery for purposes of obtaining background information on applicants for licensure by the board whose application or other information received by the board indicates the applicant has or may have been convicted of a crime, and for purposes of investigation of complaints and disciplinary action against licensees of the board.

 

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the division may disseminate criminal history record information to central repositories of other states and to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the division governing participation in an interstate system for the exchange of criminal history record information, and upon assurance that the information will be used only for purposes that are lawful under the laws of the other states involved or the laws applicable to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

 

(c) All applications or requests to the division for criminal history record information submitted by the record subject or any other person except a criminal justice agency or the department of family services, shall be accompanied by the record subject's fingerprints in addition to any other information required by the division.

 

(d) No criminal justice agency or individual employed by the agency shall confirm the existence or nonexistence of criminal history record information to any person that would not be eligible to receive the information.

 

(e) Nothing in this act prohibits the dissemination of conviction data for purposes related to the issuance of visas and the granting of citizenship.

 

(f) Each person requesting criminal history record information from the division or a criminal justice agency shall upon request be advised in writing whether the person is found to be eligible or ineligible for access.

 

(g) No information shall be disseminated by the division or by any criminal justice agency to any person or agency prior to determination of eligibility.

 

(h) Each criminal justice agency holding or receiving criminal history record information shall maintain dissemination logs and other records relative to the release of the information in accordance with rules promulgated by the division.

 

(j) No criminal history record information released to an authorized recipient shall be released, used or disseminated by that recipient to any other person for any purpose not included in the original request except that the record subject may make further dissemination in his discretion.

 

(k) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the division may disseminate criminal history record information concerning a record subject, or may confirm that no criminal history record information exists relating to a named individual:

 

(i) In conjunction with state or national criminal history record information check under W.S. 7-19-201; or

 

(ii) If application is made for a voluntary record information check, provided:

 

(A) The applicant submits proof satisfactory to the division that the individual whose record is being checked consents to the release of the information to the applicant;

 

(B) The application is made through a criminal justice agency in this state authorized to access criminal history record information maintained by the division which application shall then be forwarded to the division by the criminal justice agency; and

 

(C) The applicant pays the fees required by W.S. 7-19-108.

 

(m) Notwithstanding any other provision of this act, the Wyoming department of corrections and county jails may release the following information regarding any individual, except juveniles charged with a status offense as defined by W.S. 14-6-201(a)(xxiii), who is or has been committed to the supervision or custody of the department or county jails, unless release of the information could compromise the physical safety of the individual:

 

(i) Name and other identifying information;

 

(ii) Photograph and physical description;

 

(iii) Any conviction for which the individual was committed to the supervision or custody of the department or county jail;

 

(iv) Sentencing information regarding any conviction for which the individual was committed to the supervision or custody of the department or county jail;

 

(v) Projected parole eligibility, release and discharge dates;

 

(vi) Current location of the individual's supervision or custody; and

 

(vii) Date of release from the department's or county jail's supervision or custody.

 

(n) Unless otherwise specifically prohibited by court order, or if disclosure may be withheld under other pertinent law, the Wyoming department of corrections may, ten (10) years after the date of death of the record subject, release to the public any record created and maintained by the department relating to an individual committed to the supervision or custody of the department, except:

 

(i) Records regarding the victim of the crime;

 

(ii) Medical, psychological and dental records of the inmate;

 

(iii) Records relating to the security of any facility in which the inmate was housed during his incarceration; and

 

(iv) Records relating to out of state placement of the inmate.

 

7-19-107. Central repository; information to be submitted; audits; interstate exchanges.

 

 

(a) The division of criminal investigation within the office of the attorney general is designated as the central repository for criminal history record information.

 

(b) For the purpose of maintaining complete and accurate criminal history record information at the central repository, all city, county and state law enforcement agencies, district courts, courts of limited jurisdiction, district attorneys, the department of corrections, state juvenile correctional institutions and local probation and parole agencies shall submit the criminal history record information required under this section for which they are responsible to the division for filing at the earliest time possible following the occurrence of the reportable event. Reports shall be submitted on uniform forms approved and provided by the division.

 

(c) All criminal justice agencies making arrests for offenses covered by this act shall furnish the division with information concerning the charges and description of all persons arrested and shall furnish their fingerprints. Each agency shall also notify the division of any decision not to refer an arrest for prosecution. An agency making arrests covered by this subsection may enter into arrangements with other agencies for the purpose of furnishing required information to the division on its behalf.

 

(d) All district attorneys shall notify the division of all final disposition information in cases covered by this act including charges not filed in criminal cases for which the division has a record of an arrest.

 

(e) All district attorneys and clerks of the district courts and courts of limited jurisdiction shall furnish the division with information concerning final dispositions in criminal cases covered by this act. The information shall include, for each charge:

 

(i) All judgments of not guilty, discharges and dismissals in the trial courts;

 

(ii) All court orders filed in the case which reverse or remand a reported conviction or vacate, modify or annul a sentence or conviction;

 

(iii) All judgments terminating or revoking a sentence to probation, supervision or conditional discharge and any order relating to resentencing after the termination or revocation.

 

(f) After the court pronounces sentence in any case covered by this act, including an order of probation, parole or suspended sentence, the sheriff shall fingerprint any convicted defendant who has not previously been fingerprinted for the same case or whose fingerprints for the same case were rejected as unreadable. The sheriff shall submit the fingerprints to the division.

 

(g) The director of the department of corrections, the superintendents of the Wyoming boys' school and Wyoming girls' school and the sheriff of each county shall furnish the division with all information concerning the receipt, escape, execution, death, release, pardon, parole, commutation of sentence, granting of executive clemency or discharge of any individual who has been sentenced to the agency's custody for any offense covered by this act.

 

(h) The division shall regularly audit its own records and practices to ensure the completeness and accuracy of criminal history record information collected, maintained, used or disseminated by it, and to evaluate its procedures and facilities relating to the privacy and security of information. The division shall periodically audit the records and practices of each criminal justice agency in this state authorized to access criminal history record information maintained by the division.

 

(j) The division may enter into agreements with criminal records central repositories and criminal justice agencies of other states or the federal government to establish uniform procedures and practices, including codes, formats and fee schedules to facilitate the interstate exchange of criminal record information.

 

7-19-108. Fees.

 

 

(a) The division may charge the record subject or any other person or noncriminal justice agency qualified to receive criminal history record information, a reasonable application fee of not more than fifteen dollars ($15.00) for processing of fingerprints and other information submitted for a criminal history records check, except:

 

(i) No fee shall be charged to criminal justice agencies or the department of family services;

 

(ii) The application fee charged shall be not more than ten dollars ($10.00) if:

 

(A) The applicant is an organization engaged in providing volunteer services to youth or victims of family violence. Examples of those organizations include big brothers and big sisters and volunteer workers in safe houses for victims of family violence; and

 

(B) The applicant requests the background investigation be performed solely to determine the suitability of a prospective volunteer to provide volunteer services.

 

(iii) If national criminal history record information is requested by the submitting party pursuant to W.S. 7-19-201, the application shall include any additional fee required by the federal bureau of investigation in accordance with federal P.L. 92-544.

 

(b) Criminal justice agencies which fingerprint applicants at the request of noncriminal justice agencies for criminal history record information may charge a reasonable fee of not more than five dollars ($5.00) for fingerprinting. Fees collected under this subsection shall be credited to the state general fund or to the general fund of the appropriate county or municipality.

 

7-19-109. Inspection; deletion or modification of information.

 

 

(a) An individual has the right to inspect all criminal history record information located within this state which refers to him. The record subject may apply to the district court for an order to purge, modify or supplement inaccurate or incomplete information. Notification of each deletion, amendment or supplementary notation shall be promptly disseminated to any person or agency which received a copy of the record in question during the previous twelve (12) month period as well as the person whose record has been altered.

 

(b) Criminal justice agencies may prescribe reasonable hours and places for inspection of criminal history record information and may impose additional restrictions, including fingerprinting, reasonably necessary to both assure the records' security and to verify the identities of those who seek to inspect the records.

 

(c) When an application for inspection of criminal history record information is received by a criminal justice agency the agency shall determine whether a record pertaining to the applicant is maintained. If a record is maintained, the agency shall inform the applicant of the existence of the record and inform him of the procedure for examining the record. Upon verification of his identity, the applicant or his authorized representative shall be allowed to examine the record pertaining to him and to receive a true copy.

 

ARTICLE 2 - STATE OR NATIONAL CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD INFORMATION

 

7-19-201. State or national criminal history record information.

 

(a) The following persons shall be required to submit to fingerprinting in order to obtain state and national criminal history record information:

 

(i) Employees of substitute care providers certified by the department of family services pursuant to W.S. 14-4-101 through 14-4-116;

 

(ii) State institution, department of family services or department of health employees who may have access to minors, to persons suffering mental illness or developmental disabilities or to the elderly;

 

(iii) Applicants for initial certification by the professional teaching standards board and employees initially hired by a school district on or after July 1, 1996, who may have access to minors in the course of their employment;

 

(iv) All persons applying for licensure to the Wyoming Board of Examiners for Optometry on or after July 1, 2005;

 

(v) Department of health or department of family services contractors providing specialized home care or respite care to minors;

 

(vi) Persons applying for a permit or license under W.S. 11-25-104(f);

 

(vii) Prospective employees or volunteers of a public fire department, ambulance service, a county providing fire protection services pursuant to W.S. 18-3-509 or fire protection district if the department, service, county or district requires prospective employees or volunteers or both, to submit to fingerprinting in order to obtain state and national criminal history record information as a condition for a position with the department, service, county or district;

 

(viii) Prospective employees of or volunteers with the Wyoming military department if the department requires prospective employees or volunteers, or both, to submit to fingerprinting in order to obtain state and national criminal history record information as a condition for a position with the department;

 

(ix) Persons applying for a dealer or Wyoming based manufacturer license under W.S. 31-16-103 or a special sales permit under W.S. 31-16-127;

 

(x) Department of audit employees or applicants for employment who have access to confidential financial or accounting records;

 

(xi) Persons applying for a permit under W.S. 33-39-109;

 

(xii) State auditor employees or applicants for employment who have access to confidential financial or accounting records;

 

(xiii) Persons applying for a new license under W.S. 33-28-106;

 

(xiv) Wyoming retirement system employees or applicants for employment who have access to confidential financial information or records;

 

(xv) All persons applying for licensure or certification to the Wyoming board of physical therapy on or after July 1, 2009;

 

(xvi) Mortgage lenders, mortgage brokers, mortgage loan originators and persons identified in W.S. 40-23-107(b)(i), as necessary to perform the background checks required by W.S. 40-14-642(c)(i), 40-23-103(a)(viii) and 40-23-125(c)(i);

 

(xvii) All persons applying for licensure or certification to the Wyoming board of medicine on or after July 1, 2009, whose application or other information received by the board indicates that the applicant has or may have been convicted of a crime, and any licensee of the board of medicine upon written request from the board of medicine as part of an ongoing investigation of or disciplinary action against the licensee;

 

(xviii) Employees, prospective employees and volunteers of the Wyoming department of transportation, as necessary to perform the background checks required by W.S. 31-7-103(b);

 

(xix) All persons applying for licensure to the Wyoming board of midwifery whose application or other information received by the board indicates that the applicant has or may have been convicted of a crime, and any licensee of the board of midwifery upon written request from the board of midwifery as part of an ongoing investigation of or disciplinary action against the licensee.

 

(b) Fingerprints taken pursuant to this article shall be submitted to the Wyoming division of criminal investigation for processing and obtaining state and national criminal history record information and shall be accompanied by the fee required by W.S. 7-19-108. Upon payment of required fees, the division shall process and obtain state and national criminal history record information for the Wyoming state board of nursing and the board of pharmacy or for an applicant for licensure or certification by either board.

 

(c) Pursuant to federal P.L. 92-544, the division may submit any applicant fingerprint cards received pursuant to this article to the federal bureau of investigation for the purpose of obtaining national criminal history record information.

 

(d) The department of administration and information shall promulgate rules and regulations necessary to carry out this section.

 

(e) The Wyoming military department, any public fire department, ambulance service or regional emergency response team may as a condition of employment or other participation with the entity require all applicants for employee or volunteer positions with the entity to submit to fingerprinting in order to obtain state and national criminal history record information. In addition, the office of homeland security may as a condition of participation in a regional emergency response team require all team participants to submit to fingerprinting in order to obtain state and national criminal history record information.

 

ARTICLE 3 - SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION

 

7-19-301. Definitions.

 

(a) Unless otherwise provided, for the purposes of this act:

 

(i) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(ii) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(iii) "Convicted" includes pleas of guilty, nolo contendere and verdicts of guilty upon which a judgment of conviction may be rendered. "Convicted" shall not include dispositions pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301;

 

(iv) "Criminal offense against a minor" means the offenses specified in this paragraph in which the victim is less than eighteen (18) years of age. "Criminal offense against a minor" includes an offense committed in another jurisdiction, including a federal court or courts martial, which, if committed in this state, would constitute a "criminal offense against a minor" as defined in this paragraph. "Criminal offense against a minor" includes:

 

(A) Kidnapping under W.S. 6-2-201;

 

(B) Felonious restraint under W.S. 6-2-202;

 

(C) False imprisonment under W.S. 6-2-203;

 

(D) Offenses under W.S. 6-4-101 through 6-4-103 in which a minor is the object of the sexual act or proposed sexual act;

 

(E) Producing obscene material under W.S. 6-4-302 if the offense involves the use of a minor in a sexual performance;

 

(F) Soliciting sexual conduct under W.S. 6-2-318;

 

(G) Sexual exploitation of a child under W.S. 6-4-303;

 

(H) An attempt to commit an offense described in subparagraphs (A) through (G) of this paragraph.

 

(v) "Department" means the state department of corrections;

 

(vi) "Division" means the Wyoming division of criminal investigation created within the office of the attorney general;

 

(vii) "Minor" means a person who has not attained the age of eighteen (18) years at the time of the offense;

 

(viii) "Offender" means a person convicted of a criminal offense specified in W.S. 7-19-302(g) through (j), or convicted of a criminal offense from Wyoming or any other jurisdiction containing the same or similar elements, or arising out of the same or similar facts or circumstances, as a criminal offense specified in W.S. 7-19-302(g) through (j);

 

(ix) "Predatory" means an act directed at a stranger or a person with whom a relationship has been established or promoted for the primary purpose of victimization;

 

(x) "Recidivist" means an offender convicted of an offense requiring registration under this act two (2) or more times. Offenses which would have required registration under this act, but which had a sentencing date prior to January 1, 1985, shall be counted as convictions for purposes of this paragraph;

 

(xi) "Reside" and words of similar import mean the physical address of each residence of an offender, including:

 

(A) All real property owned by the offender that is used by the offender for the purpose of shelter or other activities of daily living;

 

(B) Any physical address where the offender habitually visits; and

 

(C) Temporary residences such as hotels, motels, public or private housing, camping areas, parks, public buildings, streets, roads, highways, restaurants, libraries or other places the offender may frequent and use for shelter or other activities of daily living.

 

(xii) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(xiii) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(xiv) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(xv) "This act" means W.S. 7-19-301 through 7-19-307;

 

(xvi) "Attending school" means enrollment on a full or part-time basis at any institution;

 

(xvii) "Employed" means any full or part-time employment, with or without compensation or other benefit, for a period of more than fourteen (14) days, or for an aggregate period exceeding thirty (30) days in any one (1) calendar year. Institutional contractors and contract employees performing work on an educational institution campus shall be considered institution employees;

 

(xviii) "Educational institution" or "institution" means any type of public or private educational facility or program, including elementary, middle and high schools, parochial, church and religious schools as defined by W.S. 21-4-101(a)(iv), trade and professional schools, colleges and universities;

 

(xix) "Residence" means a dwelling place with an established physical address or identifiable physical location intended for human habitation;

 

(xx) "Report" means providing information in person, or by any other means authorized by the sheriff if the person is required to report to the sheriff;

 

(xxi) "Working days" shall not include Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.

 

7-19-302. Registration of offenders; procedure; verification.

 

(a) Any offender residing in this state or entering this state for the purpose of residing, attending school or being employed in this state shall register with the sheriff of the county in which he resides, attends school or is employed, or other relevant entity specified in subsection (c) of this section. The offender shall be photographed, fingerprinted and palmprinted by the registering entity or another law enforcement agency and shall provide the following additional information when registering:

 

(i) Name, including any aliases ever used;

 

(ii) Address;

 

(iii) Date and place of birth;

 

(iv) Social security number;

 

(v) Place of employment;

 

(vi) Date and place of conviction;

 

(vii) Crime for which convicted;

 

(viii) The name and location of each educational institution in this state at which the person is employed or attending school;

 

(ix) The license plate number and a description of any vehicle owned or operated by the offender;

 

(x) A DNA sample. As used in this paragraph, "DNA" means as defined in W.S. 7-19-401(a)(vi); and

 

(xi) The age of each victim.

 

(b) In addition to the requirements of subsection (a) of this section, the department, for offenders sentenced to imprisonment, and the sheriff of the county where judgment and sentence is entered for all other offenders, shall obtain the name of the offender, identifying features, anticipated future residence, offense history and documentation of any treatment received, including prescribed psychotropic medication history, for any psychiatric condition of the offender. This information shall be transmitted to the division within three (3) working days of receipt for entry into the central registration system. A person found to be an offender by a court in another state shall provide information required under this subsection at the time of registration under this act.

 

(c) Offenders required to register under this act shall register with the entities specified in this subsection and within the following time periods:

 

(i) Offenders who, on or after July 1, 1999, are in custody of the department, local jail or a public or private agency pursuant to a court order, as a result of an offense subjecting them to registration, who are sentenced on or after January 1, 1985, shall register prior to release from custody. The agency with custody of the offender immediately prior to release shall register the offender and perform the duties specified in W.S. 7-19-305. If the offender refuses to register or refuses to provide the required information, the agency shall so notify local law enforcement before releasing the offender;

 

(ii) Offenders who are convicted of an offense subjecting them to registration under this act but who are not sentenced to a term of confinement shall register immediately after the imposition of the sentence. The sheriff of the county where the judgment and sentence is entered shall register the offender and perform the related duties specified in W.S. 7-19-305 unless the offender does not reside in the county where the judgment and sentence is entered, in which case he shall register in the county in which he resides within three (3) working days;

 

(iii) Offenders convicted of an offense subjecting them to registration, who are sentenced on or after January 1, 1985, who reside in or enter this state for the purposes of residing and who are under the jurisdiction of the department or state board of parole or other public agency as a result of that offense shall register within three (3) working days of entering this state or on or before August 1, 1999, if a current resident. The Wyoming agency that has jurisdiction over the offender shall notify the offender of the registration requirements before the offender moves to this state and shall register the offender and perform the related duties specified in W.S. 7-19-305;

 

(iv) Offenders convicted of an offense subjecting them to registration, who are sentenced on or after January 1, 1985, who reside in or enter this state and who are not under the jurisdiction or custody of the department, board of parole or other public agency as a result of that offense shall register on or before August 1, 1999, if a current resident, or within three (3) working days of entering this state if not a current resident.

 

(d) A nonresident who is employed or attends school in this state shall register with the county sheriff of the county in which he is employed or attends school. A resident or nonresident who is employed, resides or attends school in more than one (1) location in this state, shall register with the county sheriff of each county in which he is employed, resides or attends school. The registration information accepted under this subsection shall be subject to the provisions of W.S. 7-19-303.

 

(e) If any person required to register under this act changes his residence address within the same county, he shall provide notice of the change of address in person to the sheriff of the county in which he resides within three (3) working days of establishing the new residence. If any person required to register under this act moves to a new county in this state, he shall notify in person the county sheriff in the new county and the county sheriff of the county of his previous residence within three (3) working days of establishing the new residence. If the person changes residence to another state and that state has a registration requirement, the division shall, within three (3) working days of receipt of the information, notify the law enforcement agency with which the person must register in the new state. Any person who has not established a new residence within three (3) working days of leaving his previous residence, or becomes transient through lack of residence, shall report on a weekly basis to the sheriff in the county in which he is registered, until he establishes another residence. The information provided to a sheriff under this subsection shall be transmitted by the sheriff to the division within three (3) working days of receipt for entry into the central registry. The division shall notify the victim, or if the victim is a minor the victim's parent or guardian, within the same time period if the victim, or a minor victim's parent or guardian, has requested in writing that the division provide notification of a change of address of the offender and has provided the division a current address of the victim, parent or guardian as applicable.

 

(f) An offender who changes residence to another state shall register the new address with the law enforcement agency with whom he last registered and shall also register with the designated law enforcement agency in the new state not later than three (3) working days after establishing residence in the new state.

 

(g) For an offender convicted of a violation of W.S. 6-2-202 if the victim was a minor and the offender is not the victim's parent or guardian, W.S. 6-2-203 if the victim was a minor and the offender is not the victim's parent or guardian, W.S. 6-2-315(a)(iv), 6-2-316(a)(iii) and (iv), 6-2-317(a)(i), 6-4-303(b)(iv) or W.S. 6-4-304(b) if the victim was a minor, or an attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses specified in this subsection, the division shall annually verify the accuracy of the offender's registered address, and the offender shall annually report, in person, his current address to the sheriff in the county in which the offender resides, during the period in which he is required to register. During the annual in-person verification, the sheriff shall photograph the offender. Confirmation of the in-person verification required under this subsection, along with the photograph of the offender, shall be transmitted by the sheriff to the division within three (3) working days. Any person under this subsection who has not established a residence or is transient, and who is reporting to the sheriff as required under subsection (e) of this section, shall be deemed in compliance with the address verification requirements of this section.

 

(h) For an offender convicted of a violation of W.S. 6-2-304(a)(iii) if the victim was at least fourteen (14) years of age, W.S. 6-2-314(a)(ii) and (iii), 6-2-315(a)(iii), 6-2-316(a)(i), 6-2-317(a)(ii) or 6-2-318, W.S. 6-4-102 if the person solicited was a minor, W.S. 6-4-103 if the person enticed or compelled was a minor, W.S. 6-4-302(a)(i) if the offense involves the use of a minor in a sexual performance or W.S. 6-4-303(b)(i) through (iii), an attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses specified in this subsection, or any felony enumerated in this section if the offender was previously convicted of a felony under subsection (g) of this section, the division shall verify the accuracy of the offender's registered address, and the offender shall report, in person, his current address to the sheriff in the county in which the offender resides, every six (6) months after the date of the initial release or commencement of parole. If the offender's appearance has changed substantially, and in any case at least annually, the sheriff shall photograph the offender. Confirmation of the in-person verification required by this subsection, and any new photographs of the offender, shall be transmitted by the sheriff to the division within three (3) working days. Any person under this subsection who has not established a residence or is transient, and who is reporting to the sheriff as required under subsection (e) of this section, shall be deemed in compliance with the address verification requirements of this section.

 

(j) For an offender convicted of a violation of W.S. 6-2-201 if the victim was a minor, W.S. 6-2-302 or 6-2-303, W.S. 6-2-304(a)(iii) if the victim was under fourteen (14) years of age, W.S. 6-2-314(a)(i), 6-2-315(a)(i) and (ii), 6-2-316(a)(ii), 6-4-402, an attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses specified in this subsection, or any felony enumerated in this section if the offender was previously convicted of a felony under subsection (h) of this section, the division shall verify the accuracy of the offender's registered address, and the offender shall report, in person, his current address to the sheriff in the county in which the offender resides every three (3) months after the date of the initial release or commencement of parole. If the offender's appearance has changed substantially, and in any case at least annually, the sheriff shall photograph the offender. Confirmation of the in-person verification required by this subsection, and any new photographs of the offender, shall be transmitted by the sheriff to the division within three (3) working days. Any person under this subsection who has not established a residence or is transient, and who is reporting to the sheriff as required under subsection (e) of this section, shall be deemed in compliance with the address verification requirements of this section.

 

(k) Any person required to register under this act shall provide information in person to the sheriff of the county in which he is registered and to any other relevant registering entity specified in subsection (c) of this section regarding each change in employment or enrollment status at any educational institution in this state, including any of the information collected pursuant to subsection (a) of this section within three (3) working days of the change to the entity with whom the offender last registered. This information shall be forwarded immediately from the registering entity to the division on a form prescribed by the division, and the division shall then enter the information into the central registry and forward the information to the campus police department or other law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the educational institution.

 

(m) Any person required to register under this act shall provide information in person to the sheriff of the county in which he is registered and to any other relevant registering entity specified in subsection (c) of this section regarding each change of employment and shall disclose all places of employment if there is more than one (1), including any loss of employment, within three (3) working days of the change to the entity with whom the offender last registered. The information shall be forwarded within three (3) working days from the registering entity to the division and the division shall then enter the information into the central registry.

 

(n) Any person required to register under this act shall provide any new or updated information in person to the sheriff of the county in which he is registered and to any other relevant registering entity specified in subsection (c) of this section regarding any changes, modifications or other information necessary to keep current any of the information specified in this section and W.S. 7-19-303, within three (3) working days of the change to the entity with whom the offender last registered. The information shall be forwarded within three (3) working days from the registering entity to the division and the division shall then enter the information into the central registry.

 

(o) If the division lacks sufficient information or documentation to identify the offender's crime for which convicted or equivalent Wyoming offense, it shall register the offender as if he were convicted of an offense listed in subsection (j) of this section. If the division receives additional verifiable information or documentation that demonstrates that the offender was not convicted of an offense specified under subsection (j) of this section or an offense from any other jurisdiction containing the same or similar elements or arising out of the same or similar facts or circumstances, it shall modify the offender's status.

 

7-19-303. Offenders central registry; dissemination of information.

 

(a) An entity registering an offender shall forward the information and fingerprints obtained pursuant to W.S. 7-19-302 to the division within three (3) working days. The division shall maintain a central registry of offenders required to register under W.S. 7-19-302 and shall adopt rules necessary to carry out the purposes of W.S. 7-19-302. The division shall immediately enter information received pursuant to this act into the central registry and shall immediately transmit the conviction data, palmprints and fingerprints to the federal bureau of investigation and national sex offender registry.

 

(b) The information collected under this act shall be confidential, except for that information collected in accordance with paragraph (c)(iii) of this section which information shall be a matter of public record.

 

(i) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(ii) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(c) The division shall provide notification of registration under this act, including all registration information, to the district attorney of the county where the registered offender is residing at the time of registration or to which the offender moves. In addition, the following shall apply:

 

(i) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(ii) If the offender was convicted of an offense specified in W.S. 7-19-302(h) or (j), notification shall be provided by mail, personally or by any other means reasonably calculated to ensure delivery of the notice to residential neighbors within at least seven hundred fifty (750) feet of the offender's residence, organizations in the community, including schools, religious and youth organizations by the sheriff or his designee. In addition, notification regarding an offender employed by or attending school at any educational institution shall be provided upon request by the educational institution to a member of the institution's campus community as defined by subsection (h) of this section;

 

(iii) Notification of registration under this act shall be provided to the public through a public registry, as well as to the persons and entities required by paragraph (ii) of this subsection. The division shall make the public registry available to the public through electronic internet technology and shall include:

 

(A) The offender's name, including any aliases;

 

(B) Physical address;

 

(C) Date and place of birth;

 

(D) Date and place of conviction;

 

(E) Crime for which convicted;

 

(F) Photograph;

 

(G) Physical characteristics including race, sex, height, weight, eye and hair color;

 

(H) History of all criminal convictions subjecting an offender to the registration requirements of this act; and

 

(J) The license plate number and a description of any vehicle owned or operated by the offender.

 

(iv) The division shall adopt rules necessary to provide for the maintenance and dissemination of the information contained in the central registry of offenders.

 

(d) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(e) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 160, 2.

 

(f) The identity of the victim of an offense that requires registration under this act shall not be released to the public unless the victim has authorized the release of the information, provided:

 

(i) Nothing in this subsection shall bar the disclosure of information concerning the characteristics of the victim and the nature and circumstances of the offense so long as the victim is not identified;

 

(ii) Nothing in this subsection shall bar the disclosure of victim identity information contained as part of the criminal history record information disclosed to persons authorized to receive such information under W.S. 7-19-106; and

 

(iii) This subsection does not apply to victim identity information contained in public records which exist independently of this act.

 

(g) Any person who, by virtue of employment or official position has possession of, or access to, registration information furnished pursuant to this act or victim identifying information, and willfully discloses it in any manner to any person or agency not entitled to receive the information is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or both.

 

(h) An educational institution in this state shall instruct members of its campus community, by direct advisement, publication or other means, that a member can obtain information regarding offenders employed by or attending school at the institution by contacting the campus police department or other law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the institution. For the purposes of this subsection, "member of the campus community" means a person employed by or attending school at the educational institution at which the offender is employed or attending school, or a person's parent or guardian if the person is a minor.

 

(j) The attorney general shall maintain a public record of the number of registered offenders in each county.

 

(k) The legislature directs the division to facilitate access to the information on the public registry available through electronic internet technology without the need to consider or assess the specific risk of reoffense with respect to any individual prior to his inclusion within the registry, and the division shall place a disclaimer on the division's internet website indicating that:

 

(i) No determination has been made that any individual included in the registry is currently dangerous;

 

(ii) Individuals included within the registry are included solely by virtue of their conviction record and state law; and

 

(iii) The main purpose of providing the information on the internet is to make the information more easily available and accessible, not to warn about any specific individual.

 

7-19-304. Termination of duty to register.

 

(a) The duty to register under W.S. 7-19-302 shall begin on the date of sentencing and continue for the duration of the offender's life, subject to the following:

 

(i) For an offender specified in W.S. 7-19-302(g), the duty to register shall end fifteen (15) years after the offender was released from prison, placed on parole, supervised release or probation, provided the registration period shall be tolled for subsequent periods of confinement. The offender may petition the district court for the district in the which the offender is registered to reduce the period of registration under this paragraph by five (5) years if the offender maintains a clean record as provided in subsection (d) of this section;

 

(ii) An offender specified in W.S. 7-19-302(h) who has been registered for at least twenty-five (25) years, exclusive of periods of confinement, may petition the district court for the district in which the offender is registered to be relieved of the duty to continue to register. Upon a showing that the offender has had no further felony or misdemeanor convictions during the period of registration, the district court may order the offender relieved of the duty to continue registration; and

 

(A) Repealed By Laws 1999, ch. 203, 3.

 

(B) Repealed By Laws 1999, ch. 203, 3.

 

(iii) A petition filed under this subsection shall be served on the prosecuting attorney for the county in which the petition is filed. The court shall not grant a petition that was not served on the prosecuting attorney. The prosecuting attorney may file a responsive pleading within thirty (30) days after service of the petition.

 

(b) Repealed By Laws 1999, ch. 203, 3.

 

(c) Nothing in W.S. 7-13-302 shall be construed as operating to relieve the offender of his duty to register pursuant to W.S. 7-19-302.

 

(d) A registration period under subsection (a) of this section may be reduced if, after the duty to register arises, the offender specified in W.S. 7-19-302(g) maintains a clean record for ten (10) years by:

 

(i) Having no conviction of any offense for which imprisonment for more than one (1) year may be imposed;

 

(ii) Having no conviction of any sex offense;

 

(iii) Successfully completing any periods of supervised release, probation and parole; and

 

(iv) Successfully completing any sex offender treatment previously ordered by the trial court or by his probation or parole agent.

 

7-19-305. Registration; duties of registering entities; notice to persons required to register.

 

(a) The entity required to register an offender under W.S. 7-19-302(c) shall provide written notification to the offender of the requirements of this act and shall receive and retain a signed acknowledgment of receipt. The entity shall forward all registration information to the division within three (3) working days after registering the offender. When registering an offender the registering entity shall:

 

(i) Obtain the information required for the registration by W.S. 7-19-302;

 

(ii) Inform the offender that if he changes residence address he shall give the new address to the sheriff in person within three (3) working days, or if he becomes transient through lack of residence, he shall report on a weekly basis to the sheriff in the county in which he is registered until he establishes another residence;

 

(iii) Inform the offender that if he changes residence to another state, he shall register the new address with the law enforcement agency with whom he last registered and shall also register with the designated law enforcement agency in the new state not later than three (3) working days after establishing residence in the new state;

 

(iv) Obtain, or arrange for another law enforcement agency to provide, fingerprints, DNA sample and a photograph of the offender if these have not already been obtained in connection with the offense that triggers the registration requirement;

 

(v) Inform the offender that if he is employed or attends school in another state while continuing residence in this state he must register with the other state as a nonresident worker or nonresident student;

 

(vi) Inform the offender that in addition to any other registration requirements of this act, if the offender becomes employed by or attends school at any educational institution in this state, or if his status of employment or enrollment at any educational institution in this state as reported during his last registration changes in any manner, he shall register the change within three (3) working days of the change with the entity with whom he last registered.

 

(b) The department or other agency assuming jurisdiction shall provide written notification to an offender convicted in another state of the registration requirements of W.S. 7-19-302 at the time the department or agency accepts supervision and has legal authority of the individual under the terms and conditions of the interstate compact agreement under W.S. 7-3-401.

 

7-19-306. Repealed By Laws 1999, ch. 203, 3.

 

7-19-307. Penalties.

 

(a) Failure to register or update any registration information within the time required under W.S. 7-19-302 constitutes a per se violation of this act and is punishable as provided in subsections (c) and (d) of this section.

 

(b) An arrest on charges of failure to register, service of an information or complaint for a violation of this act, or arraignment on charges for a violation of this act, constitutes actual notice of the duty to register. Any person charged with the crime of failure to register under this act who asserts as a defense the lack of notice of the duty to register shall register immediately following actual notice of the duty through arrest, service or arraignment. Failure to register as required under this subsection constitutes grounds for filing another charge of failing to register. Registering following arrest, service or arraignment on charges shall not relieve the offender from criminal liability for failure to register prior to the filing of the original charge.

 

(c) A person who knowingly fails to register as required by W.S. 7-19-302 is guilty of a felony punishable by a fine of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), imprisonment for not more than five (5) years, or both.

 

(d) A person convicted of a subsequent violation of knowingly failing to register as required by W.S. 7-19-302 is guilty of a felony punishable by a fine of one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), imprisonment for not more than ten (10) years, or both.

 

7-19-308. Harboring a sex offender; penalties; exceptions.

 

(a) A person is guilty of the crime of harboring, assisting, concealing, or withholding information about, a sex offender, if the person has knowledge that a sex offender is required to register under W.S. 7-19-302 and the person:

 

(i) Assists the sex offender in eluding a law enforcement agency that is seeking to question the sex offender about, or to arrest the sex offender for, his noncompliance with the requirements of W.S. 7-19-302 or any other law prohibiting a sexual offense, child abuse or kidnapping;

 

(ii) Withholds information, including but not limited to the location of the sex offender, from, or fails to notify, the law enforcement agency about the sex offender's noncompliance with the requirements of W.S. 7-19-302 or any other law prohibiting a sexual offense, child abuse or kidnapping and commits an affirmative act in furtherance of paragraph (a)(i), (iii) or (iv) of this section;

 

(iii) Harbors, or attempts to harbor, or assists another person in harboring or attempting to harbor, the sex offender;

 

(iv) Conceals or attempts to conceal, or assists another person in concealing or attempting to conceal, the sex offender; or

 

(v) Provides information to the law enforcement agency regarding the sex offender which the person knows to be false.

 

(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply if the sex offender is incarcerated in a local, state or federal detention or correctional facility, or is in the custody of a law enforcement agency.

 

(c) A violation of subsection (a) of this section shall be a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or both.

 

ARTICLE 4 - DNA IDENTIFICATION RECORD SYSTEM

 

7-19-401. Definitions.

 

(a) For purposes of this act:

 

(i) "CODIS" means the FBI's national DNA identification index system;

 

(ii) "Convicted" includes pleas of guilty, nolo contendere and verdicts of guilty upon which a judgment of conviction may be rendered. "Convicted" shall not include dispositions pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301 or 35-7-1037;

 

(iii) "Criminal justice agency" means any agency or institution of state or local government, other than the office of the public defender, which performs as part of its principal function, activities relating to:

 

(A) The apprehension, investigation, prosecution, adjudication, incarceration, supervision or rehabilitation of criminal offenders; or

 

(B) The collection, maintenance, storage, dissemination or use of criminal history record information.

 

(iv) "Department" means the Wyoming department of corrections;

 

(v) "Division" means the division of criminal investigation within the office of the Wyoming attorney general;

 

(vi) "DNA" means deoxyribonucleic acid located in the cells;

 

(vii) "DNA record" means DNA identification information stored in the state DNA database or CODIS for the purposes of generating investigative leads or supporting statistical interpretation of DNA test results. The objective form of DNA analysis test including numerical representation of DNA fragment lengths, the digital image of autoradiographs and discrete allele assignment numbers of a DNA sample, together with the identity of the submitting agency shall be stored as a DNA record in the state DNA database;

 

(viii) "DNA sample" means a human tissue sample containing DNA which may include, but is not limited to, blood, hair and buccal cells;

 

(ix) "FBI" means the federal bureau of investigation;

 

(x) "In custody" means imprisoned in the Wyoming state penitentiary, state penitentiary farms and camps or Wyoming women's center, committed to the Wyoming boys' school pursuant to W.S. 7-13-101, or on probation or parole;

 

(xi) "State DNA database" means the DNA identification record system established under this act;

 

(xii) "This act" means W.S. 7-19-401 through 7-19-406.

 

7-19-402. DNA database created; uses of information restricted.

 

(a) The division shall establish a state DNA database for convicted felons, crime scene specimens and close biological relatives of missing persons in accordance with the provisions of this act. The state DNA database shall be used to assist federal, state and local criminal justice agencies in the putative identification, detection or exclusion of individuals who are subjects of a prosecution of a crime involving biological evidence from the crime scene. The database may also be used:

 

(i) To support development of a population statistics database, when personal identifying information is removed;

 

(ii) To support identification research and protocol development of forensic DNA analysis methods;

 

(iii) For quality control purposes; and

 

(iv) To assist in the recovery or identification of human remains from mass disasters or for other humanitarian purposes, including identification of living missing persons.

 

(b) DNA samples collected and stored for the state DNA database shall not be used or disseminated for purposes other than those specified in this act.

 

(c) The state DNA database, including test procedures, laboratory equipment, supplies and computer software shall be compatible with that utilized by the FBI. Local criminal justice agencies that establish or operate a DNA identification record system shall ensure that such system is compatible with the state DNA database and that the local system is equipped to receive and answer inquiries from the state DNA database and transmit DNA records to the state DNA database. Procedures and rules for the collection, analysis, storage, expungement and use of DNA identification data shall be uniform throughout the state DNA database.

 

7-19-403. DNA samples required; collection; testing; reimbursement of costs.

 

(a) Every person convicted of a felony on or after July 1, 1997, and every person who on or after July 1, 1997, is in custody in this state as a result of a felony conviction shall provide a DNA sample for analysis to determine identification characteristics specific to the person. The DNA record resulting from the DNA analysis shall be stored and maintained by the division in the state DNA database.

 

(b) DNA samples shall be collected in a medically approved manner by a physician, registered nurse, qualified clinical or laboratory technician or other person qualified by training and experience. Persons authorized to draw or collect DNA samples under this section shall not be civilly liable for such acts when acting in a reasonable manner according to generally accepted medical practices. DNA samples required under this section for persons in custody on or after July 1, 1997, shall be provided prior to release from custody. DNA samples required under this section for persons convicted on or after July 1, 1997, and not sentenced to imprisonment shall be provided as a condition of the sentence immediately after sentencing. The division shall promulgate rules and regulations governing the policies and procedures for the collection of DNA samples and transfer of DNA samples to the division. Criminal justice agencies having custody of a person required to provide a DNA sample under this section shall comply with rules and regulations of the division relating to the collection of DNA samples and transfer of such DNA samples for analysis.

 

(c) DNA samples collected under this section shall be transmitted to the division for the state DNA database. The division shall perform tests on the DNA samples as necessary to implement the purposes of the state DNA database as specified in W.S. 7-19-402(a). The division may contract for services to perform DNA typing under this subsection. The division shall ensure that:

 

(i) Any contractor conducts forensic DNA analysis in accordance with national standards for DNA quality assurance and proficiency testing issued pursuant to the Federal DNA Identification Act of 1994; and

 

(ii) Typing results meet acceptance criteria established by the FBI for inclusion of DNA records in CODIS.

 

(d) The division shall reimburse any Wyoming city, town, county or agency required to collect DNA samples under this act for the cost of collecting the sample. The procedure for reimbursement shall be in accordance with rules adopted by the division.

 

7-19-404. Access to database; information authorized to be stored.

 

(a) The division shall authorize access to or disclose DNA records and DNA samples collected in the state DNA database only in the following circumstances:

 

(i) To criminal justice agencies for law enforcement identification purposes;

 

(ii) For criminal defense purposes, to a defendant who shall have access to samples and analyses performed in connection with the case in which such defendant is charged;

 

(iii) For a population statistics database, identification research and protocol development or quality control purpose, and then only if personal identifying information is removed; and

 

(iv) To assist in the recovery or identification of human remains from mass disasters or for other humanitarian purposes, including identification of living missing persons.

 

(b) Access to the state DNA database shall be limited to duly constituted federal, state and local criminal justice agencies through their servicing forensic DNA laboratories. The division shall allow access to defendants for criminal defense purposes as defined in paragraph (a)(ii) of this section upon court order. The division shall adopt rules and procedures to ensure the state DNA database is protected against unauthorized access to the system or files containing DNA related information.

 

(c) Only DNA records which directly relate to the identification characteristics of individuals shall be collected and stored in the state DNA database. The information contained in the state DNA database shall not be collected or stored for the purpose of obtaining information about physical characteristics, traits or predisposition for disease and shall not serve any purpose other than those stated in W.S. 7-19-402(a). The submitting agency may maintain control of the DNA records it develops.

 

(d) Any person who, by virtue of employment or official position, has possession of or access to, a DNA record and willfully discloses it in any manner to any person or agency not entitled to receive the record is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or both. Any person who, without authorization, willfully obtains or attempts to obtain any DNA record, or tampers with or attempts to tamper with any DNA sample, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or both.

 

7-19-405. Expungement of information.

 

(a) Any person whose DNA profile has been included in the state DNA database pursuant to this act may request expungement on the grounds the felony conviction on which the authority for including the DNA profile was based has been reversed and dismissed. The division shall expunge all identifiable information and DNA records in the state DNA database relating to the subject conviction from the person upon receipt of:

 

(i) A written request for expungement pursuant to this section; and

 

(ii) A certified copy of the court order reversing and dismissing the conviction or providing for expungement.

 

7-19-406. Enforcement.

 

Duly authorized law enforcement and corrections personnel may employ reasonable force in cases where a person refuses to submit to DNA testing as required under this act, and no such employee shall be criminally or civilly liable for the use of such reasonable force. If a person required to provide a DNA sample under this act refuses to do so, the criminal justice agency having custody of the person may apply to the district court for an order requiring the person to provide the sample in conformity with the provisions of this act. Refusal to provide the sample shall be punishable as contempt of the court.

 

ARTICLE 5 - JUVENILE JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEM

 

7-19-501. Definitions.

 

(a) As used in this act:

 

(i) "Adjudicated" or "adjudication" means as defined by W.S. 14-6-201(a)(i);

 

(ii) "Adult" means an individual who has attained the age of majority;

 

(iii) "Delinquent child" means as defined by W.S. 14-6-201(a)(x);

 

(iv) "Disposition" means the action ordered by the juvenile court judge under W.S. 14-6-229 upon adjudication of a juvenile for a delinquent act;

 

(v) "Division" means the Wyoming division of criminal investigation within the office of the attorney general;

 

(vi) "Juvenile" means an individual who is under the age of majority;

 

(vii) "Qualifying offense" means conduct that, if committed by an adult, would constitute a felony under the provisions of W.S. 6-1-104(a)(xii) or 35-7-1031 or under similar federal law;

 

(viii) "This act" means W.S. 7-19-501 through 7-19-505.

 

7-19-502. Record system created.

 

(a) The division shall create and maintain a database for a juvenile justice information system as provided in this act.

 

(b) The database shall contain the information required by this act. Access to information in the database shall be limited as provided by W.S. 7-19-504.

 

(c) The division shall promulgate reasonable rules and regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this act. The division shall annually report by March 1 to the joint judiciary interim committee on the numbers of entries and usage of the database.

 

7-19-503. Collection of juvenile justice information.

 

(a) In any case in which a juvenile is adjudicated a delinquent child for the commission of a qualifying offense, the court shall direct that, to the extent possible, the following information be collected and provided to the division:

 

(i) Offender identification information including:

 

(A) The juvenile offender's name, including other names by which the juvenile is known, and social security number;

 

(B) The juvenile offender's date and place of birth;

 

(C) The juvenile offender's physical description, including sex, weight, height, race, ethnicity, eye color, hair color, scars, marks and tattoos;

 

(D) The juvenile offender's last known residential address; and

 

(E) The juvenile offender's fingerprints.

 

(ii) Offense identification information including:

 

(A) The criminal offense for which the juvenile was adjudicated delinquent;

 

(B) Identification of the juvenile court in which the juvenile was adjudicated delinquent; and

 

(C) The date and description of the final disposition ordered by the juvenile court.

 

(b) The information maintained by the division shall not include predisposition studies and reports, social summaries, medical or psychological reports, educational records, multidisciplinary team minutes and records or transcripts of dispositional hearings.

 

(c) The division may designate codes relating to the information described in subsection (a) of this section.

 

7-19-504. Access to and dissemination of information.

 

(a) Information contained in the juvenile justice information system shall be accessible, whether directly or through an intermediary, to:

 

(i) Other criminal justice agencies;

 

(ii) Any person designated for the purpose provided by W.S. 14-6-227;

 

(iii) The department of family services if the subject is in the custody of the department;

 

(iv) An individual who has met the requirements established by the division to ensure the record will be used solely as a statistical research or reporting record and that the record is to be transferred in a form that is not individually identifiable;

 

(v) Any record subject as provided by W.S. 7-19-109.

 

(b) When a subject reaches the age of majority, all information in the juvenile justice information system pertaining to that subject shall be deleted.

 

(c) Any person who willfully violates subsection (a) or (b) of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00). Any person or entity who violates subsection (a) of this section shall be denied further access to the system.

 

7-19-505. Inspection of information.

 

An individual, his parents and guardian have the right to inspect all juvenile justice record information located within this state which refers to that individual in accordance with W.S. 7-19-109.

 

ARTICLE 6 - NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT ACT

 

7-19-601. Short title.

 

This act may be cited as "The National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact Act".

 

7-19-602. Compact provisions generally.

 

The National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact is enacted into law and entered into by this state with any other state or jurisdiction legally joining the compact in the form substantially as follows:

 

Article I

 

Definitions

 

(a) As used in this compact, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:

 

(i) "Attorney general" means the attorney general of the United States;

 

(ii) "Compact officer" means:

 

(A) With respect to the federal government, an official so designated by the director of the FBI; and

 

(B) With respect to a party state, the chief administrator of the state's criminal history record repository or a designee of the chief administrator who is a regular full-time employee of the repository.

 

(iii) "Council" means the compact council established under article VI of this compact;

 

(iv) "Criminal history records" means information collected by criminal justice agencies on individuals consisting of identifiable descriptions and notations of arrests, detentions, indictments or other formal criminal charges, and any dispositions arising therefrom, including acquittal, sentencing, correctional supervision or release, but does not include identification information such as fingerprint records if that information does not indicate involvement of the individual with the criminal justice system;

 

(v) "Criminal history record repository" means the state agency designated by the governor or other appropriate executive official or the legislature of a state to perform centralized recordkeeping functions for criminal history records and services in the state;

 

(vi) "Criminal justice" means the activities relating to the detection, apprehension, detention, pretrial release, posttrial release, prosecution, adjudication, correctional supervision or rehabilitation of accused persons or criminal offenders. The administration of criminal justice includes criminal identification activities and the collection, storage and dissemination of criminal history records;

 

(vii) "Criminal justice agency" means:

 

(A) Courts;

 

(B) A governmental agency or any subunit thereof that:

 

(I) Performs the administration of criminal justice pursuant to a statute or executive order; and

 

(II) Allocates a substantial part of its annual budget to the administration of criminal justice; and

 

(C) Includes federal and state inspectors general offices.

 

(viii) "Criminal justice services" means services provided by the FBI to criminal justice agencies in response to a request for information about a particular individual or as an update to information previously provided for criminal justice purposes;

 

(ix) "Criterion offense" means any felony or misdemeanor offense not included on the list of nonserious offenses published periodically by the FBI;

 

(x) "Direct access" means access to the national identification index by computer terminal or other automated means not requiring the assistance of, or intervention by, any other party or agency;

 

(xi) "Executive order" means an order of the president of the United States or the chief executive officer of a state that has the force of law and that is promulgated in accordance with applicable law;

 

(xii) "FBI" means the federal bureau of investigation;

 

(xiii) "Interstate identification system" or "III system" means the cooperative federal-state system for the exchange of criminal history records and includes the national identification index, the national fingerprint file and, to the extent of their participation in the system, the criminal history record repositories of the states and the FBI;

 

(xiv) "National fingerprint file" means a database of fingerprints or other uniquely personal identifying information relating to an arrested or charged individual maintained by the FBI to provide positive identification or record subjects indexed in the III system;

 

(xv) "National identification index" means an index maintained by the FBI consisting of names, identifying numbers and other descriptive information relating to record subjects about whom there are criminal history records in the III system;

 

(xvi) "National indices" means the national identification index and the national fingerprint file;

 

(xvii) "Nonparty state" means a state that has not ratified this compact;

 

(xviii) "Noncriminal justice purposes" means uses of criminal history records for purposes authorized by federal or state law other than for purposes relating to criminal justice activities, including employment suitability, licensing determinations, immigration and naturalization matters and national security clearances;

 

(xix) "Party state" means a state that has ratified this compact;

 

(xx) "Positive identification" means a determination, based on a comparison of fingerprints or other equally reliable biometric identification techniques, that the subject of a record search is the same person as the subject of a criminal history record or records indexed in the III system. Identification based solely upon a comparison of subjects' names or other nonunique identification characteristics or numbers, or combinations thereof, shall not constitute positive identification;

 

(xxi) "Sealed record information" means:

 

(A) With respect to adults, that portion of a record that is:

 

(I) Not available for criminal justice uses;

 

(II) Not supported by fingerprints or other accepted means of positive identification; or

 

(III) Subject to restrictions on dissemination for noncriminal justice purposes pursuant to a federal or state statute that requires action on a sealing petition filed by a particular record subject; and

 

(B) With respect to juveniles, whatever each state determines is a sealed record under its own law and procedure.

 

(xxii) "State" means any state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

 

Article II

 

Purposes

 

(a) The purposes of this compact are to:

 

(i) Provide a legal framework for the establishment of a cooperative federal-state exchange of criminal history records for noncriminal justice purposes;

 

(ii) Require the FBI to permit use of the national identification index and the national fingerprint file by each party state and to provide, in a timely fashion, federal and state criminal history records to requesting states, in accordance with the terms of this compact and with rules, procedures and standards established by the council under article VI(a) of this compact;

 

(iii) Require party states to provide information and records for the national identification index and the national fingerprint file and to provide criminal history records, in a timely fashion, to criminal history record repositories of other states and the federal government for noncriminal justice purposes, in accordance with the terms of this compact and with rules, procedures and standards established by the council under article VI(a) of this compact;

 

(iv) Provide for the establishment of a council to monitor III system operations and to prescribe system rules and procedures for the effective and proper operation of the III system for noncriminal justice purposes; and

 

(v) Require the FBI and each party state to adhere to III system standards concerning record dissemination and use, response times, system security, data quality and other duly established standards, including those that enhance the accuracy and privacy of such records.

 

Article III

 

Responsibilities of Compact Parties

 

(a) The director of the FBI shall:

 

(i) Appoint an FBI compact officer who shall:

 

(A) Administer this compact within the federal department of justice and among federal agencies and other agencies and organizations that submit search requests to the FBI pursuant to article (V)(c) of this compact;

 

(B) Ensure that compact provisions and rules, procedures and standards prescribed by the council under article VI of this compact are complied with by the federal department of justice and the federal agencies and other agencies and organizations referred to in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph; and

 

(C) Regulate the use of records received by means of the III system from party states when the records are supplied by the FBI directly to other federal agencies.

 

(ii) Provide to federal agencies and to state criminal history record repositories, criminal history records maintained in its databases for the noncriminal justice purposes described in article IV of this compact, including:

 

(A) Information from nonparty states; and

 

(B) Information from party states that is available from the FBI through the III system, but is not available from the party state through the III system.

 

(iii) Provide a telecommunications network and maintain centralized facilities for the exchange of criminal history records for both criminal justice purposes and the noncriminal justice purposes described in article IV of this compact, and ensure that the exchange of the records for criminal justice purposes has priority over exchange for noncriminal justice purposes; and

 

(iv) Modify or enter into user agreements with nonparty state criminal history record repositories to require them to establish record request procedures conforming to those prescribed in article V of this compact.

 

(b) Each party state shall:

 

(i) Appoint a compact officer who shall:

 

(A) Administer this compact within the state;

 

(B) Ensure that compact provisions and rules, procedures and standards established by the council under article VI(a) of this compact are complied with in the state; and

 

(C) Regulate the in-state use of records received by means of the III system from the FBI or from other party states.

 

(ii) Establish and maintain a criminal history record repository, which shall provide:

 

(A) Information and records for the national identification index and the national fingerprint file; and

 

(B) The state's III system-indexed criminal history records for noncriminal justice purposes described in article IV of this compact.

 

(iii) Participate in the national fingerprint file; and

 

(iv) Provide and maintain telecommunications links and related equipment necessary to support the services set forth in this compact.

 

(c) In carrying out their responsibilities under this compact, the FBI and each party state shall comply with III system rules, procedures and standards duly established by the council concerning record dissemination and use, response time, data quality, system security, accuracy, privacy protection and other aspects of III system operation.

 

(d) Maintenance of record services shall comply with the following:

 

(i) Use of the III system for noncriminal justice purposes authorized in this compact shall be managed so as not to diminish the level of services provided in support of criminal justice purposes;

 

(ii) Administration of compact provisions shall not reduce the level of service available to authorized noncriminal justice users on the effective date of this compact.

 

Article IV

 

Authorized Record Disclosures

 

(a) To the extent authorized by section 552a of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Privacy Act of 1974), the FBI shall provide on request criminal history records (excluding sealed records) to state criminal history record repositories for noncriminal justice purposes allowed by federal statute, federal executive order, or a state statute that has been approved by the attorney general and that authorizes national indices checks.

 

(b) The FBI, to the extent authorized by section 552a of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Privacy Act of 1974), and state criminal history record repositories, shall provide criminal history records (excluding sealed records) to criminal justice agencies and other governmental or nongovernmental agencies for noncriminal justice purposes allowed by federal statute, federal executive order, or a state statute that has been approved by the attorney general, that authorizes national indices checks.

 

(c) Any record obtained under this compact may be used only for the official purposes for which the record was requested. Each compact officer shall establish procedures, consistent with this compact and with rules, procedures and standards established by the council under article VI of this compact, which procedures shall protect the accuracy and privacy of the records and shall:

 

(i) Ensure that records obtained under this compact are used only by authorized officials for authorized purposes;

 

(ii) Require that subsequent record checks are requested to obtain current information whenever a new need arises; and

 

(iii) Ensure that record entries that may not legally be used for a particular noncriminal justice purpose are deleted from the response and, if no information authorized for release remains, an appropriate "no record" response is communicated to the requesting official.

 

Article V

 

Record Request Procedures

 

(a) Subject fingerprints or other approved forms of positive identification shall be submitted with all requests for criminal history record checks for noncriminal justice purposes.

 

(b) Each request for a criminal history record check utilizing the national indices made under any approved state statute shall be submitted through that state's criminal history record repository. A state criminal history record repository shall process an interstate request for noncriminal justice purposes through the national indices only if the request is transmitted through another state criminal history record repository or the FBI.

 

(c) Each request for criminal history record checks utilizing the national indices made under federal authority shall be submitted through the FBI or, if the state criminal history record repository consents to process fingerprint submissions, through the criminal history record repository in the state in which the request originated. Direct access to the national identification index by entities other than the FBI and state criminal history records repositories shall not be permitted for noncriminal justice purposes.

 

(d) A state criminal record repository or the FBI:

 

(i) May charge a fee, in accordance with applicable law, for handling a request involving fingerprint processing for noncriminal justice purposes; and

 

(ii) May not charge a fee for providing criminal history records in response to an electronic request for a record that does not involve a request to process fingerprints.

 

(e) If an additional search is required, the following shall apply:

 

(i) If a state criminal history record repository cannot positively identify the subject of a record request made for noncriminal justice purposes, the request, together with fingerprints or other approved identifying information, shall be forwarded to the FBI for a search of the national indices;

 

(ii) If, with respect to a request forwarded by a state criminal history record repository under paragraph (i) of this subsection, the FBI positively identifies the subject as having a III system indexed record or records:

 

(A) The FBI shall so advise the state criminal history record repository; and

 

(B) The state criminal history record repository shall be entitled to obtain the additional criminal history record information from the FBI or other state criminal history record repositories.

 

Article VI

 

Establishment of Compact Council

 

(a) There is established a council to be known as the compact council, which shall have the authority to promulgate rules and procedures governing the use of the III system for noncriminal justice purposes, not to conflict with FBI administration of the III system for criminal justice purposes.

 

(b) The council shall:

 

(i) Continue in existence as long as this compact remains in effect;

 

(ii) Be located, for administrative purposes, within the FBI; and

 

(iii) Be organized and hold its first meeting as soon as practicable after the effective date of this compact.

 

(c) The council shall be composed of fifteen (15) members, each of whom shall be appointed by the attorney general, as follows:

 

(i) Nine (9) members, each of whom shall serve a two (2) year term, who shall be selected from among the compact officers of party states based on the recommendations of the compact officers of all party states, except that, in the absence of the requisite number of compact officers available to serve, the chief administrator of the criminal history record repositories of nonparty states shall be eligible to serve on an interim basis;

 

(ii) Two (2) at-large members, nominated by the director of the FBI, each of whom shall serve a three (3) year term, of whom:

 

(A) One (1) shall be a representative of a criminal justice agency of the federal government and may not be an employee of the FBI; and

 

(B) One (1) shall be a representative of a noncriminal justice agency of the federal government.

 

(iii) Two (2) at-large members, nominated by the chairperson of the council, once the chairperson is elected pursuant to subsection (d) of this article, each of whom shall serve a three (3) year term, of whom:

 

(A) One (1) shall be a representative of a state or local criminal justice agency; and

 

(B) One (1) shall be a representative of a state or local noncriminal justice agency.

 

(iv) One (1) member, who shall serve a three (3) year term, and who shall simultaneously be a member of the FBI's advisory policy board on criminal justice information services, nominated by the membership of that policy board;

 

(v) One (1) member, nominated by the director of the FBI, who shall serve a three (3) year term, and who shall be an employee of the FBI.

 

(d) From its membership, the council shall elect a chairperson and a vice chairperson of the council, respectively. Both the chairperson and the vice chairperson of the council:

 

(i) Shall be a compact officer, unless there is no compact officer on the council who is willing to serve, in which case the chairperson may be an at-large member; and

 

(ii) Shall serve a two (2) year term and may be reelected to only one (1) additional two (2) year term.

 

(e) The vice chairperson of the council shall serve as the chairperson of the council in the absence of the chairperson.

 

(f) The council shall meet at least once each year at the call of the chairperson. Each meeting of the council shall be open to the public. The council shall provide prior public notice in the federal register of each meeting of the council, including the matters to be addressed at the meeting.

 

(g) A majority of the council or any committee of the council shall constitute a quorum of the council or of the committee, respectively, for the conduct of business. A lesser number may meet to hold hearings, take testimony or conduct any business not requiring a vote.

 

(h) The council shall make available for public inspection and copying at the council office within the FBI, and shall publish in the federal register, any rules, procedures or standards established by the council.

 

(j) The council may request from the FBI, reports, studies, statistics or other information or materials as the council determines to be necessary to enable the council to perform its duties under this compact. The FBI, to the extent authorized by law, may provide assistance or information in response to a request by the council.

 

(k) The chairperson may establish committees as necessary to carry out this compact and may prescribe their membership, responsibilities and duration.

 

Article VII

 

Ratification of Compact

 

(a) This compact shall take effect upon being entered into by two (2) or more states as between those states and the federal government. Upon subsequent entering into this compact by additional states, it shall become effective among those states and the federal government and each party state that has previously ratified it. When ratified, this compact shall have the full force and effect of law within the ratifying jurisdictions. The form of ratification shall be in accordance with the laws of the executing state.

 

Article VIII

 

Miscellaneous Provisions

 

(a) Administration of this compact shall not interfere with the management and control of the director of the FBI over the FBI's collection and dissemination of criminal history records and the advisory function of the FBI's advisory policy board chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) for all purposes other than noncriminal justice.

 

(b) Nothing in this compact shall require the FBI to obligate or expend funds beyond those appropriated to the FBI.

 

(c) Nothing in this compact shall diminish or lessen the obligations, responsibilities and authorities of any state, whether a party state or a nonparty state, or of any criminal history record repository or other subdivision or component thereof, under the federal departments of state, justice and commerce, the judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1973 (Pub. L. 92-544), or regulations and guidelines promulgated thereunder, including the rules and procedures promulgated by the council under article VI(a) of this compact, regarding the use and dissemination of criminal history records and information.

 

Article IX

 

Renunciation

 

(a) This compact shall bind each party state until renounced by the party state.

 

(b) Any renunciation of this compact by a party state shall:

 

(i) Be effected in the same manner by which the party state ratified this compact; and

 

(ii) Become effective one hundred eighty (180) days after written notice of renunciation is provided by the party state to each other party state and to the federal government.

 

Article X

 

Severability

 

(a) The provisions of this compact shall be severable, and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared contrary to the constitution of any participating state, to the constitution of the United States or to the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If a portion of this compact is held contrary to the constitution of any party state, all other portions of this compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining party states and in full force and effect as to the party state affected, as to all other provisions.

 

Article XI

 

Adjudication of Disputes

 

(a) The council shall:

 

(i) Have initial authority to make determinations with respect to any dispute regarding:

 

(A) Interpretation of this compact;

 

(B) Any rule or standard established by the council; and

 

(C) Any dispute or controversy between any parties to this compact.

 

(ii) Hold a hearing concerning any dispute described in paragraph (i) of this subsection at a regularly scheduled meeting of the council and only render a decision based upon a majority vote of the members of the council. The decision shall be published pursuant to the requirements of article VI(e) of this compact.

 

(b) The FBI shall exercise immediate and necessary action to preserve the integrity of the III system, maintain system policy and standards, protect the accuracy and privacy of records and to prevent abuses, until the council holds a hearing on such matters.

 

(c) The FBI or a party state may appeal any decision of the council to the attorney general and thereafter may file suit in the appropriate district court of the United States, which shall have original jurisdiction of all cases or controversies arising under this compact. Any suit arising under this compact and initiated in a state court shall be removed to the appropriate district court of the United States in the manner provided by 24 U.S.C. 1446, or other statutory authority.

 

7-19-603. Compact officer to administer the compact.

 

The Wyoming attorney general or his designee shall act as the compact officer responsible for implementation and administration of this compact on behalf of the state of Wyoming.

 

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