2010 Wyoming Statutes
Title 7 - Criminal Procedure
Chapter 13 - Sentence And Imprisonment
CHAPTER 13 - SENTENCE AND IMPRISONMENT
ARTICLE 1 - IN GENERAL
7-13-101. Sentencing of minors to boys' school upon first conviction of felony; term; parole.
(a) Upon his first conviction of a felony, any male offender under the age of eighteen (18) years may be sentenced to imprisonment in the Wyoming boys' school.
(b) In imposing a sentence under this section the court shall not fix a definite or minimum term of confinement in the boys' school but shall fix a maximum term which shall not exceed the maximum term provided for the statute violated.
(c) The department of family services may at any time grant to a person sentenced under this section a parole from the boys' school even though the person has not served a fixed minimum sentence.
7-13-102. Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 25, 4.
7-13-103. Notice of sentence; transportation to institution; maintenance of prisoner in county jail.
(a) If a person is sentenced to the custody of the department of corrections to serve a term of imprisonment in a state penal institution, the sheriff shall notify the department of corrections and the warden of the Wyoming state penitentiary or the Wyoming women's center.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the director of the department of corrections shall arrange for the transportation of the person to a state penal institution, at state expense, within ten (10) days after the judgment and sentence is signed by the judge. Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, prior to being transported to the institution the prisoner shall be maintained in the county jail at the expense of the county.
(c) Upon agreement of the sheriff and the director of the department of corrections, the prisoner may be maintained at the county jail at an agreed per diem rate to be paid by the department for an additional period of not more than thirty (30) days after expiration of the ten (10) days provided by subsection (b) of this section. The department shall pay for any medical treatment of the prisoner, other than for conditions demanding immediate medical attention which can be treated at the county jail and other than medical treatment for which the county is liable under W.S. 18-6-303(c)(i), which is provided after the judgment and sentence is signed by the judge. Except for emergency medical treatment, no treatment which is the responsibility of the department under this subsection shall be provided without the prior approval of the department.
(d) The sheriff shall furnish the department of corrections and the warden of the Wyoming state penitentiary or the Wyoming women's center with a copy of the judgment and sentence imposed.
7-13-104. Record of prisoners.
The department of corrections shall keep a complete record of the background and current status of all prisoners sentenced and confined in any state penal institution. The administrator of the institution where a prisoner is incarcerated, the division of criminal investigation, and the clerk of court and sheriff of the county from which the prisoner is committed shall, at the request of the department or the board of parole, furnish any information in their possession relating to the prisoner or the offense committed.
7-13-105. Certificate of restoration of rights; procedure for restoration in general; procedure for restoration of voting rights for nonviolent felonies; filing requirements.
(a) Upon receipt of a written application, the governor may issue to a person convicted of a felony under the laws of a state or the United States a certificate which restores the rights lost pursuant to W.S. 6-10-106 when:
(i) His term of sentence expires; or
(ii) He satisfactorily completes a probation period.
(b) A person convicted of a nonviolent felony or nonviolent felonies arising out of the same occurrence or related course of events may apply in writing to the state board of parole for a certificate which restores the person's voting rights lost pursuant to W.S. 6-10-106. The application shall specifically state that the requirements of this subsection have been met and shall be on a form approved by the state board of parole. The state board of parole shall issue a certificate restoring a person's voting rights if:
(i) The applicant has never been convicted of any other felony other than convictions arising out of the same occurrence for which restoration of rights is sought;
(ii) All of the applicant's terms of sentence are expired, or in the case of probation, the applicant has completed all probation periods; and
(iii) It has been at least five (5) years since the expiration of all of the applicant's terms of sentence, or in the case of probation, the completion of all probation periods.
(c) Upon receipt of the written application under subsection (b) of this section, the board shall review the materials and make an initial determination of eligibility. Should the board deny the application at this initial determination, the applicant shall have the right to request a contested case hearing before the board as provided by and in accordance with the Wyoming Administrative Procedure Act. The decision of the board after such hearing shall be deemed a final administrative determination, shall be in writing, and, shall in the case of a denial of the application, state the findings of the board and the reasons for the denial and shall not be subject to judicial review under W.S. 16-3-114.
(d) As used in this section, "violent felony" means as defined by W.S. 6-1-104(a)(xii), including offenses committed in another jurisdiction which if committed in this state would constitute a violent felony under W.S. 6-1-104(a)(xii). As used in this section, "nonviolent felony" includes all felony offenses not otherwise defined as violent felonies.
7-13-106. Transfer of citizen or national of foreign country.
The governor may act on behalf of the state to consent to the transfer of a citizen or national of a foreign country pursuant to a treaty between the United States and the foreign country of which the person is a citizen or national.
7-13-107. Split sentence of incarceration in county jail followed by probation; civil liability of county officers and employees.
(a) Following a defendant's conviction of, or his plea of guilty to any felony, other than a felony punishable by death or life imprisonment, the court may impose any sentence of imprisonment authorized by law and except as provided in subsection (g) of this section, may in addition provide:
(i) That the defendant be confined in the county jail for a period of not more than one (1) year; and
(ii) That the execution of the remainder of the sentence be suspended and the defendant placed on probation.
(b) In placing the defendant on probation under subsection (a) of this section, the court may also:
(i) Impose any fine provided by the statute violated;
(ii) Apply the provisions of W.S. 7-13-501 through 7-13-503.
(c) Except as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the court may impose a split sentence of incarceration followed by probation in any felony case including those in which the statute violated specifically provides for a sentence of imprisonment in the state penitentiary.
(d) The court may impose a split sentence as provided by this section at the time a defendant is originally sentenced or at any hearing at which the court modifies or revokes a defendant's probation and at which the defendant is personally present.
(e) The cost of housing convicted felons in the county jail shall be paid by the department of corrections by contract arrangement with the county sheriff. Costs shall include shelter, food, clothing, and necessary medical, dental and hospital care. Subject to legislative appropriation, the department of corrections may contract with county sheriffs to house felons sentenced under this section in county jail.
(f) If any civil action is brought against any sheriff, his under sheriff, deputy, agent or employee, by reason of acts committed or allegedly committed in the performance of necessary duties in connection with the housing and care of the convicted felons, the state shall indemnify and hold harmless the officers, agents or employees from all civil liability incurred or adjudged except punitive damage awards. Upon request, the state shall provide legal counsel at state expense to assist in the defense of any action referred to in this subsection.
(g) No person convicted of a felony may be sentenced to the county jail under this section unless:
(i) The judge, after consultation with the sheriff, determines that adequate facilities are available and that the jail is not overcrowded; and
(ii) Funding exists to pay the cost of placement, in that:
(A) The legislature has specifically appropriated funds to pay for such placements and unencumbered appropriated funds are available for the proposed placement; or
(B) The county agrees to pay the costs of placement if sufficient funds are not available from state appropriations.
(h) A defendant sentenced under this section is not eligible for parole and is not subject to good time allowances authorized under W.S. 7-13-420. The sentencing court shall continue to have jurisdiction over the defendant during the entire time he is confined in county jail and thereafter while the defendant is serving his term of probation.
(j) If consecutive terms of confinement in the county jail are ordered pursuant to this section they shall not exceed a period of one (1) year.
7-13-108. Sentence to custody of department of corrections.
(a) Unless otherwise specifically provided by statute, any person convicted of a felony and sentenced to a term of imprisonment shall be sentenced to the custody and control of the department of corrections to be incarcerated in a state penal institution or other facility under contract or agreement with the department pursuant to W.S. 25-1-105(e), as directed by the department.
(b) Any contract entered into under W.S. 25-1-105(e) shall be approved as to form and content by the Wyoming attorney general.
7-13-109. Payment of jail costs by inmate.
(a) In addition to any other punishment prescribed by law, the sentencing court may require a person sentenced to confinement in county jail, for any offense, to pay the jail facility the costs of room and board for each day of incarceration, both before and after conviction. The costs for room and board for each day of incarceration shall be an amount equal to the actual cost of the services as determined by the county sheriff. The cost of the services shall be paid to all jail facilities where the inmate may have been held before and after conviction. The costs shall not be assessed if:
(i) The court finds that the defendant has no ability to pay and that no reasonable probability exists that the defendant will have an ability to pay; or
(ii) In the judgment of the court, the costs would impose a manifest hardship on the inmate, or the property of the inmate is needed for the maintenance and support of the inmate's family.
(b) An order to pay room and board costs under this section shall be included as a special order in the judgment of conviction. To satisfy the order, the clerk of the sentencing court, upon request of the sheriff or prosecuting attorney, may issue execution against any assets of the defendant including wages subject to attachment, in the same manner as in a civil action.
(c) Willful failure or refusal to pay costs ordered under this section is punishable as contempt of court.
(d) Any costs paid by a person under this section shall be deposited in the county general fund to help defray the costs the jail facility incurred in providing room and board to the person.
ARTICLE 2 - INDETERMINATE SENTENCE
7-13-201. Maximum and minimum term.
Except where a term of life is required by law, or as otherwise provided by W.S. 7-13-101, when a person is sentenced for the commission of a felony, the court imposing the sentence shall not fix a definite term of imprisonment but shall establish a maximum and minimum term within the limits authorized for the statute violated. The maximum term shall not be greater than the maximum provided by law for the statute violated, and the minimum term shall not be less than the minimum provided by law for the statute violated, nor greater than ninety percent (90%) of the maximum term imposed.
ARTICLE 3 - PROBATION AND SUSPENSION OF SENTENCE
7-13-301. Placing person found guilty, but not convicted, on probation.
(a) If a person who has not previously been convicted of any felony is charged with or is found guilty of or pleads guilty or no contest to any misdemeanor except any second or subsequent violation of W.S. 31-5-233 or any similar provision of law, or any second or subsequent violation of W.S. 6-2-501(a) or (b) by a household member as defined by W.S. 35-21-102 against any other household member or any similar provision of law, or any felony except murder, sexual assault in the first or second degree, aggravated assault and battery or arson in the first or second degree, the court may, with the consent of the defendant and the state and without entering a judgment of guilt or conviction, defer further proceedings and place the person on probation for a term not to exceed five (5) years upon terms and conditions set by the court. The terms of probation shall include that he:
(i) Report to the court not less than twice in each year at times and places fixed in the order;
(ii) Conduct himself in a law-abiding manner;
(iii) Not leave the state without the consent of the court;
(iv) Conform his conduct to any other terms of probation the court finds proper; and
(v) Pay restitution to each victim in accordance with W.S. 7-9-101 and 7-9-103 through 7-9-112.
(b) If the court finds the person has fulfilled the terms of probation and that his rehabilitation has been attained to the satisfaction of the court, the court may at the end of five (5) years, or at any time after the expiration of one (1) year from the date of the original probation, discharge the person and dismiss the proceedings against him.
(c) If the defendant violates a term or condition of probation at any time before final discharge, the court may:
(i) Enter an adjudication of guilt and conviction and proceed to impose sentence upon the defendant if he previously pled guilty to or was found guilty of the original charge for which probation was granted under this section; or
(ii) Order that the trial of the original charge proceed if the defendant has not previously pled or been found guilty.
(d) Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without adjudication of guilt and is not a conviction for any purpose.
(e) There shall be only one (1) discharge and dismissal under this section or under any similar section of the probationary statutes of any other jurisdiction.
7-13-302. Placing person convicted on probation; suspension of imposition or execution of sentence; imposition of fine.
(a) After conviction or plea of guilty for any offense, except crimes punishable by death or life imprisonment, and following entry of the judgment of conviction, the court may:
(i) Suspend the imposition or execution of sentence and place the defendant on probation; or
(ii) Impose a fine applicable to the offense and place the defendant on probation.
7-13-303. Investigation preceding probation or suspension of sentence.
(a) When directed by the court, the district attorney, the state probation and parole officer or, in the case of a minor, a counselor as defined by W.S. 5-3-501(a)(ii) or the department of family services shall investigate and report to the court in writing:
(i) The circumstances of the offense;
(ii) The criminal record, social history and present conditions of the defendant;
(iii) If practicable, the findings of a physical and mental examination of the defendant;
(iv) If practicable, statements from the victim; and
(v) A summary of the impact of the offense on the victim.
(b) No defendant charged with a felony, and, unless the court directs otherwise, no defendant charged with a misdemeanor, shall be placed on probation or released under suspension of sentence until the report of the investigation under this section is presented to and considered by the court. If the defendant is sentenced to the custody of the department of corrections to serve a term of incarceration in a state penal institution, a copy of the report of the investigation shall be sent to the department of corrections at the time of sentencing. In all felony cases the clerk of court shall forward copies of the report to the department of corrections, together with copies of all orders entered by the court.
7-13-304. Imposition or modification of conditions; performance of work by defendant.
(a) The court may impose, and at any time modify, any condition of probation or suspension of sentence.
(b) As a condition of any probation, the court, subject to W.S. 7-16-101 through 7-16-104, may order the defendant to perform work for a period not exceeding the maximum probation period.
(c) As a condition of probation or suspension of sentence, the court may require a defendant who is a minor to successfully complete a juvenile service program offered by a community juvenile services board under the Community Juvenile Services Act.
(d) As a condition of probation or suspension of sentence, the court may require a defendant to complete successfully a court supervised treatment program qualified under W.S. 7-13-1601 through 7-13-1615.
7-13-305. Determination, continuance or extension; revocation proceedings.
(a) The period of probation or suspension of sentence under W.S. 7-13-302 shall be determined by the court and may be continued or extended.
(b) Upon the satisfactory fulfillment of the conditions of suspension of sentence or probation under W.S. 7-13-302 the court shall enter an order discharging the defendant.
(c) For a violation of a condition of probation occurring during the probationary period, revocation proceedings may be commenced at any time during the period of suspension of sentence or probation under W.S. 7-13-302, or within thirty (30) days thereafter, in which case the court may issue a warrant and cause the defendant to be arrested. If after hearing the court determines that the defendant violated any of the terms of probation or suspension of sentence, the court may proceed to deal with the case as if no suspension of sentence or probation had been ordered.
(d) The time for commencing revocation proceedings shall be automatically extended for any period of time in which the probationer is incarcerated outside this state during the probationary period for the conviction of an offense which is a violation of the conditions of probation, unless the probationer has made a valid request for final disposition under the interstate agreement on detainers, W.S. 7-15-101 through 7-15-105.
7-13-306. Payment of fine in installments.
When imposing a fine and also placing the defendant on probation, the district judge may permit the fine to be paid in installments over a reasonable period of time.
7-13-307. Expungement of criminal record.
Nothing in W.S. 7-13-301 through 7-13-306 shall be construed to authorize the court to expunge the record of a person charged with or convicted of a criminal offense.
ARTICLE 4 - PROBATION AND PAROLE GENERALLY
7-13-401. Definitions; creation of board; officers; compensation; hearing panels; meetings.
(a) As used in W.S. 7-13-401 through 7-13-424:
(i) "Board" means the state board of parole;
(ii) "Conditional release" means any form of release by an institution or by a court, other than parole or probation, which is subject to conditions imposed by the institution or court;
(iii) "Conditional releasee" means an individual granted conditional release by an institution or court;
(iv) "Department" means the department of corrections;
(v) "Director" means the director of the department of corrections;
(vi) "Institution" includes the Wyoming state penitentiary, state penitentiary farms and camps, Wyoming women's center, Wyoming state hospital and any other state penal institution including a correctional facility operated by a private entity pursuant to W.S. 7-22-102;
(vii) "Parole" means permission to leave the confines of the institution in which a person is confined under specified conditions, but does not operate as a discharge of the person;
(viii) "Parolee" means a prisoner or an inmate of an institution who has been granted parole;
(ix) "Peace officer" means as defined by W.S. 7-2-101;
(x) "Probation" means a sentence not involving confinement which imposes conditions and retains authority in the sentencing court to modify the conditions of the sentence or to resentence the offender if he violates the conditions;
(xi) "Probationer" means a defendant granted probation by the sentencing court;
(xii) "Executive director" means the executive director of the board.
(b) There is created the state board of parole which consists of seven (7) members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate, in accordance with W.S. 28-12-101 through 28-12-103. Not more than four (4) members shall be of the same political party. Members of the board shall be appointed for six (6) year terms. The governor may remove any board member as provided in W.S. 9-1-202.
(c) Annually at the first meeting of the board, the members shall elect from their number a chairman and vice-chairman. Any vacancy caused by death, resignation or disqualification of a member of the board shall be filled by the governor for the remainder of the unexpired term of the member. Any vacancy occurring between sessions of the legislature may be filled by the governor in accordance with W.S. 28-12-101(b).
(d) When engaged in the performance of their duties, members of the board shall receive salary in the amount paid to members of the Wyoming legislature and travel expenses and per diem in the same manner and amount as employees of the state.
(e) The board shall meet at least quarterly to conduct the business specified in subsection (f) of this section. Except as otherwise provided by subsection (f) of this section, four (4) members constitute a quorum. All matters shall be decided by a majority vote of those in attendance. The board may meet as often as necessary for the administration and conduct of its other business.
(f) Three (3) or more members of the board may constitute a hearing panel empowered to review applications for parole, grant paroles or revoke paroles. Fewer than three (3) members of the board, as may be provided by rule of the board, may withdraw or revoke good time, restore or reinstate good time, make initial determinations of eligibility and restore voting rights pursuant to W.S. 7-13-105(b) and (c), make recommendations to the governor to grant commutations of sentences and review inmate matters, other than the grant or denial of parole, brought before the board. A decision by a majority of the members of a panel under this subsection is the decision of the board.
(g) The board may employ an executive director who shall serve at the pleasure of the board as provided by appropriation of the legislature. The executive director and other staff members shall perform duties as may be assigned by the board.
7-13-402. General powers and duties of board; eligibility for parole; immunity.
(a) The board may grant a parole to any person imprisoned in any institution under sentence, except a sentence of life imprisonment without parole or a life sentence, ordered by any district court of this state, provided the person has served the minimum term pronounced by the trial court less good time, if any, granted under rules promulgated pursuant to W.S. 7-13-420.
(b) A prisoner is not eligible for parole if he has:
(i) Made an assault with a deadly weapon upon any officer, employee or inmate of any institution; or
(ii) Escaped, attempted to escape or assisted others to escape from any institution.
(c) In granting a parole the board shall fix terms and conditions it deems proper to govern the conduct of the parolee while the parole is in effect. The terms and conditions may be special in each case or they may be prescribed by general rules and regulations of the board, or both.
(d) No person granted a parole shall be released from an institution until he has signed an agreement that he will comply with the terms and conditions under which he has been released and abide by the laws of the state. In addition, no person shall be granted a parole until the board makes a reasonable effort to notify victims of the parole and provides a reasonable opportunity for victims to provide written comments to the board relative to the parole. The agreement shall be retained in the records of the department.
(e) The board may adopt reasonable rules and regulations necessary to carry out the functions assigned to the board by W.S. 7-13-401 through 7-13-424 including rules relating to:
(i) The conduct of proceedings, meetings, hearings and interviews;
(ii) The general conditions under which parole may be granted and revoked;
(iii) Parole applications and procedures, including the selection of hearing panels as provided by W.S. 7-13-401(f);
(iv) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 25, 4.
(v) Procedures to allow victims opportunity to comment on parole applications; and
(vi) Notification to victims of the pending release of prisoners.
(f) The promulgation of substantive rules by the board, the conduct of its hearings and its final decisions are specifically exempt from all provisions of the Wyoming Administrative Procedure Act including the provisions for judicial review under W.S. 16-3-114 and 16-3-115. This exception shall not apply to the provisions authorizing a contested case hearing under W.S. 7-13-105(c). The board's rules and regulations shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state.
(g) Notwithstanding W.S. 1-39-101 through 1-39-119, the board and its members are immune from any liability, either as a board or individually, for any actions, inactions or omissions by the board or any member thereof, pursuant to W.S. 7-13-401 through 7-13-424.
(h) The board shall receive applications for and make determinations regarding the restoration of voting rights pursuant to its powers under W.S. 7-13-105(b) and (c).
7-13-403. Custody of parolee; return upon violation.
(a) A parolee is in the legal custody and under the control of the board and may be returned to the custody of the department for violation of a condition of his parole.
(b) Unless otherwise ordered by the board, a parole violator shall be returned to the custody of the department to serve the remainder of the original sentence.
7-13-404. Computing remainder of sentence for parole violator.
In computing the remainder of the sentence to be served by a parole violator, no credit shall be given against his original sentence for any portion of the time between his release on parole and his return to the institution unless the board directs otherwise.
7-13-405. State probation and parole officer; appointment of agents.
(a) The department has general supervisory authority over state parolees and over probationers for whom the sentencing court requests supervision under W.S. 7-13-410(b).
(b) The director shall appoint a state probation and parole officer. The department shall:
(i) Keep records of all persons placed on parole or probation under the supervision of the department;
(ii) Cooperate with probation and parole officers of other states in the supervision of parolees and probationers from other states; and
(iii) Consult and cooperate with the courts and institutions of the state to develop plans and procedures to administer the probation and parole laws of the state.
(iv) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 25, 4.
(c) The state probation and parole officer, with the approval of the director, shall appoint probation and parole agents.
(d) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 25, 4.
(e) Repealed by Laws 1992, ch. 25, 4.
(f) Subject to legislative appropriation, the department may, by negotiation without competitive bid or by competitive bidding, contract with any governmental or nongovernmental entity to provide services, other than direct supervision and enforcement, required to carry out the provisions of this article.
Offices for probation and parole agents shall be maintained throughout the state as determined by the department.
7-13-407. Duties of probation and parole agents.
(a) Under direction and supervision of the director, probation and parole agents shall:
(i) Except as otherwise directed by the director, devote full time to the performance of their duties in carrying out the provisions of W.S. 7-13-401 through 7-13-424;
(ii) Investigate all cases referred by any court, the department or the board, and report to the court, department or board in writing;
(iii) Furnish to each person released on probation, parole or conditional release under his supervision a written statement of the conditions of the probation, parole or conditional release and instruct him regarding the conditions;
(iv) Supervise the conduct of each person on probation, parole or conditional release through personal visits, reports and other appropriate means, and report in writing as often as required by the court, department or board;
(v) Use all practicable and suitable methods, not inconsistent with the conditions imposed by the court, department or board, to aid and encourage persons on probation, parole or conditional release to bring about improvement in their conditions and conduct;
(vi) Perform other duties as directed by the director.
7-13-408. Probation, parole and conditional release revocation hearing procedures.
(a) The state probation and parole officer shall notify the department and the board or the appropriate court if it is determined consideration should be given to retaking or reincarcerating a person under the supervision of the department who has violated a condition of his probation, parole or other conditional release. Prior to notification, a hearing shall be held in accordance with this section within a reasonable time, unless a hearing is waived by the probationer, parolee or conditional releasee. As soon as practicable, following termination of any hearing, the appropriate officer or agent shall report to the department and the court or board, furnish a copy of the hearing record and make recommendations regarding the disposition to be made of the probationer, parolee or conditional releasee. Pending any proceeding pursuant to this section, the appropriate agent may take custody of and detain the probationer, parolee or conditional releasee involved for a reasonable period of time prior to the hearing. If it appears to the hearing officer or agent that retaking or reincarceration is likely to follow, the agent may take custody of and detain the probationer, parolee or conditional releasee for a reasonable period after the hearing or waiver as may be necessary to arrange for the retaking or reincarceration.
(b) Any hearing pursuant to this section may be before the state probation and parole officer, his designated hearing officer or any other person authorized pursuant to the laws of this state to hear cases of alleged probation, parole or conditional release violations, except that no hearing officer shall be the person making the allegation of violation. In cases of alleged parole violations by persons who were paroled by the board, hearings pursuant to this section shall be before the executive director of the board or his designated hearing officer.
(c) With respect to any hearing pursuant to this section, the probationer, parolee or conditional releasee:
(i) Shall have reasonable notice in writing of the nature and content of the allegations to be made including notice that the purpose of the hearing is to determine whether there is probable cause to believe that he has committed a violation that may lead to a revocation of probation, parole or conditional release;
(ii) Shall be permitted to consult with any persons whose assistance he reasonably desires, prior to the hearing;
(iii) Shall have the right to confront and examine any person who has made allegations against him, unless the hearing officer determines that the confrontation would present a substantial present or subsequent danger of harm to the person;
(iv) May admit, deny or explain the violation alleged and may present proof, including affidavits and other evidence, in support of his contentions.
(d) A record of the proceedings under this section shall be made and preserved either by stenographic means or through the use of a recording machine.
(e) The department may establish by rule and regulation a system of imposing the administrative sanctions specified in W.S. 7-13-1107(b) as an alternative to revocation of the parole of any parolee who has violated a condition of his parole. Parolees committed to the county jail or a residential community correctional program pursuant to this subsection shall be housed in accordance with W.S. 7-13-1107(c) or 7-18-115(b).
7-13-409. Disclosure of information and data.
All information and data obtained in the discharge of official duties by probation and parole agents is privileged information and shall not be disclosed directly or indirectly to anyone other than to the judge, the department or to others entitled to receive reports unless and until otherwise ordered by the judge, board or department.
7-13-410. Notice of probation order; request for probation supervision or report.
(a) The clerk of the court granting probation to a person convicted of a crime shall send a certified copy of the order to the state probation and parole officer or, in the case of a minor, to the department of family services.
(b) At the time of granting probation or at any later time, the court may request the department to provide supervision of the probationer. The probation and parole agents will not be required to supervise or report on a person granted probation unless requested to do so by the court granting probation.
7-13-411. Apprehension of violators.
(a) A probation and parole agent may, in the performance of his duties:
(i) Exercise the powers of arrest provided by W.S. 7-2-102 and 7-2-103(a);
(ii) Take into custody any parolee at the request of the board, the state probation and parole officer or the department of family services in the case of a minor and detain the person for a reasonable period of time pending further proceedings under W.S. 7-13-408;
(iii) Arrest without warrant any probationer or parolee if the agent has probable cause to believe the person has violated the terms of his probation or parole. A person arrested under this paragraph may be detained for a reasonable period of time until a legal warrant is obtained or pending further proceedings under W.S. 7-13-408.
(b) A peace officer may arrest without warrant an alleged probation or parole violator after receiving a written statement from a probation and parole agent setting forth that the probationer or parolee has, in the judgment of the probation and parole agent, violated the conditions of his probation or parole. A person arrested under this subsection may be detained for a reasonable period of time until a legal warrant is obtained or pending further proceedings under W.S. 7-13-408.
(c) A peace officer or probation and parole agent may take into custody and hold a person granted parole or on probation from another state when requested to do so by the proper authorities from the other state.
(d) A parole or probation violator apprehended by a probation and parole agent shall be accepted and held in the county jail at the request of the agent.
(e) Any expense incurred in holding a parolee in county jail at the request of a probation and parole agent or pending proceedings under W.S. 7-13-408, including costs of shelter, food, clothing, and necessary medical, dental and hospital care and any expense for transporting the parolee shall be paid by the department unless there are local charges pending. The per diem cost of holding parolees under this section shall be agreed upon by the sheriff and the department and shall not exceed the per diem cost of housing an inmate at the Wyoming state penitentiary.
7-13-412. Repealed By Laws 2009, Ch. 2, 1.
7-13-413. Repealed By Laws 2009, Ch. 2, 1.
7-13-414. Repealed By Laws 2009, Ch. 2, 1.
7-13-415. Repealed By Laws 2009, Ch. 2, 1.
7-13-416. Repealed By Laws 2009, Ch. 2, 1.
7-13-417. Repealed By Laws 2009, Ch. 2, 1.
7-13-418. Selection, training and powers of local volunteer; compensation.
(a) In order to further the objectives of W.S. 7-13-401 through 7-13-424, the state probation and parole officer may select, organize and train local volunteer citizens who, acting under his supervision, may:
(i) Advise and assist probation and parole agents with special reference to vocational and technical education services for probationers and parolees;
(ii) Maintain liaison with all appropriate municipal, county, state and federal agencies whose services aid in the reintegration of offenders into society;
(iii) Assist in programs relating to the social, moral and psychological needs of persons released under probation and parole supervision;
(iv) Not receive compensation from the state. At the discretion of the state probation and parole officer, however, volunteers may be reimbursed for necessary and actual expenses incurred in performing the duties described in this section.
7-13-419. Limitations on powers of volunteers.
Volunteers do not have power of arrest nor the right to execute criminal process.
7-13-420. Good time allowances.
(a) The governor, after consultation with the board and the department, shall adopt rules and regulations to establish a system of good time and special good time allowances for inmates of and parolees from any state penal institution, any institution which houses Wyoming inmates pursuant to W.S. 7-3-401 or any correctional facility operated pursuant to a contract with the state under W.S. 7-22-102 or inmates or parolees transferred to a community correctional facility pursuant to W.S. 7-18-109 or 7-18-115. The rules may provide either for good time to be deducted from the maximum sentence or for good time to be deducted from the minimum sentence imposed by the sentencing court, or both, and may provide for the removal of previously earned good time allowances and the withholding of future good time allowances.
(b) The rules and regulations adopted by the governor as provided by this section shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state but shall at all times be considered rules relating to the internal management of state penal institutions and not affecting private rights of inmates. The granting, refusal to grant, withholding or restoration of good time or special good time allowances to inmates shall be a matter of grace and not that of right of inmates.
7-13-421. Restitution as condition of parole.
(a) As used in this section:
(i) "Criminal activity" means any crime for which there is a plea of guilty, nolo contendere or verdict of guilty upon which a judgment of conviction may be rendered and includes any other crime which is admitted by the defendant, whether or not prosecuted;
(ii) "Pecuniary damage" means all damages which a victim could recover against the defendant in a civil action arising out of the same facts or event, including damages for wrongful death. It does not include punitive damages and damages for pain, suffering, mental anguish and loss of consortium;
(iii) "Restitution" means full or partial payment of pecuniary damage to a victim; and
(iv) "Victim" means a person who has suffered pecuniary damage as a result of a defendant's criminal activities.
(b) The board shall provide for restitution in the amount determined by the court pursuant to W.S. 7-9-103 unless the board finds the parolee is not reasonably capable of making the payments, in which case the board may modify the amount of restitution to be paid, taking into account the factors enumerated in W.S. 7-9-106. The board may require payment of the following obligations as conditions of parole if it finds the parolee is reasonably capable of making the payments, taking into account the factors enumerated in W.S. 7-9-106(a)(iii):
(i) Support of dependents of the parolee;
(ii) Court ordered fines, reimbursement for the services of the public defender or court appointed counsel and the surcharge imposed under W.S. 1-40-119;
(iii) Costs or partial costs of evaluations, treatment, services, programs or assistance the parolee is receiving;
(iv) Cost or partial cost of supervision of the parolee imposed under W.S. 7-13-1102(a)(iii).
(c) If the parolee fails to pay the restitution as provided by this section the board may:
(i) Modify the amount of the restitution;
(ii) Extend the parole period to accommodate the parolee's ability to pay restitution; or
(iii) Revoke the parole.
(d) The board may waive the payment of some or all of the restitution as a condition of parole if it finds the payment of some or all of the restitution will work an undue hardship on the parolee or his family. If the victim can be located through the exercise of reasonable diligence, he shall be given notice and an opportunity to be heard prior to the board making a decision to waive some or all of the restitution under this subsection.
(e) Nothing in this section shall limit or impair the rights of victims to sue and recover damages from the defendant in a civil action. However, any restitution payment by the defendant to a victim shall be set off against any judgment in favor of the victim in a civil action arising out of the same facts or event.
(f) The fact that restitution was required or made under this section shall not be admissible as evidence in a civil action unless offered by the defendant.
(g) In the event a victim is not satisfied with the restitution plan approved or modified by the board, the victim's sole and exclusive remedy is a civil action.
7-13-422. Short title.
This act may be cited as "The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision."
7-13-423. Compact provisions generally.
The interstate compact for the supervision of adult offenders as contained herein is hereby enacted into law and entered into on behalf of this state with any and all other states legally joining therein in a form substantially as follows.
(a) The compacting states to this interstate compact recognize that each state is responsible for the supervision of adult offenders in the community who are authorized pursuant to the bylaws and rules of this compact to travel across state lines both to and from each compacting state in such a manner as to track the location of offenders, transfer supervision authority in an orderly and efficient manner, and when necessary return offenders to the originating jurisdictions. The compacting states also recognize that congress, by enacting the Crime Control Act, 4 U.S.C. 112 (1965), has authorized and encouraged compacts for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime. It is the purpose of this compact and the interstate commission created hereunder, through means of joint and cooperative action among the compacting states: to provide the framework for the promotion of public safety and protect the rights of victims through the control and regulation of the interstate movement of offenders in the community; to provide for the effective tracking, supervision and rehabilitation of these offenders by the sending and receiving states; and to equitably distribute the costs, benefits and obligations of the compact among the compacting states. In addition, this compact will: create an interstate commission which will establish uniform procedures to manage the movement between states of adults placed under community supervision and released to the community under the jurisdiction of courts, paroling authorities, corrections or other criminal justice agencies which will promulgate rules to achieve the purpose of this compact; ensure an opportunity for input and timely notice to victims and to jurisdictions where defined offenders are authorized to travel or to relocate across state lines; establish a system of uniform data collection, access to information on active cases, subject to state laws, by authorized criminal justice officials and regular reporting of compact activities to heads of state councils, state executive, judicial and legislative branches and criminal justice administrators; monitor compliance with rules governing interstate movement of offenders and initiate interventions to address and correct noncompliance; and coordinate training and education regarding regulations of interstate movement of offenders for officials involved in such activity.
(b) The compacting states recognize that there is no "right" of any offender to live in another state and that duly accredited officers of a sending state may at all times enter a receiving state and there apprehend and retake any offender under supervision subject to the provisions of state laws, this compact and bylaws and rules promulgated hereunder. It is the policy of the compacting states that the activities conducted by the interstate commission created herein are the formation of public policies and are therefore public business.
(a) As used in this compact, unless the context clearly requires a different construction:
(i) "Adult" means both individuals legally classified as adults and juveniles treated as adults by court order, statute or operation of law;
(ii) "By-laws" mean those by-laws established by the interstate commission for its governance or for directing or controlling the interstate commission's actions or conduct;
(iii) "Compact administrator" means the individual in each compacting state appointed pursuant to the terms of this compact responsible for the administration and management of the state's supervision and transfer of offenders subject to the terms of this compact, the rules adopted by the interstate commission and policies adopted by the state council under this compact;
(iv) "Compacting state" means any state which has enacted the enabling legislation for this compact;
(v) "Commissioner" means the voting representative of each compacting state appointed pursuant to Article III of this compact;
(vi) "Interstate commission" means the interstate commission for adult offender supervision established by this compact;
(vii) "Member" means the commissioner of a compacting state or designee, who shall be a person officially connected with the commissioner;
(viii) "Noncompacting state" means any state which has not enacted the enabling legislation for this compact;
(ix) "Offender" means an adult placed under, or subject to, supervision as the result of the commission of a criminal offense and released to the community under the jurisdiction of courts, paroling authorities, corrections or other criminal justice agencies;
(x) "Person" means any individual, corporation, business enterprise or other legal entity, either public or private;
(xi) "Rules" means acts of the interstate commission, duly promulgated pursuant to Article VIII of this compact, substantially affecting interested parties in addition to the interstate commission, which shall have the force and effect of law in the compacting states;
(xii) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia and any other territorial possessions of the United States; and
(xiii) "State council" means the resident members of the state council for interstate adult offender supervision created by each state under Article III of this compact.
The Compact Commission
(a) The compacting states hereby create the "interstate commission for adult offender supervision." The interstate commission shall be a body corporate and joint agency of the compacting states. The interstate commission shall have all the responsibilities, powers and duties set forth herein, including the power to sue and be sued and such additional powers as may be conferred upon it by subsequent action of the respective legislatures of the compacting states in accordance with the terms of this compact.
(b) The interstate commission shall consist of commissioners selected and appointed by resident members of a state council for interstate adult offender supervision for each state.
(c) In addition to the commissioners who are the voting representatives of each state, the interstate commission shall include individuals who are not commissioners but who are members of interested organizations; such noncommissioner members must include a member of the national organizations of governors, legislators, state chief justices, attorneys general and crime victims. All noncommissioner members of the interstate commission shall be ex-officio (nonvoting) members. The interstate commission may provide in its by-laws for such additional, ex-officio, nonvoting members as it deems necessary.
(d) Each compacting state represented at any meeting of the interstate commission is entitled to one (1) vote. A majority of the compacting states shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, unless a larger quorum is required by the by-laws of the interstate commission. The interstate commission shall meet at least once each calendar year. The chairperson may call additional meetings and, upon the request of twenty-seven (27) or more compacting states, shall call additional meetings. Public notice shall be given of all meetings and meetings shall be open to the public.
(e) The interstate commission shall establish an executive committee which shall include commission officers, members and others as shall be determined by the by-laws. The executive committee shall have the power to act on behalf of the interstate commission during periods when the interstate commission is not in session, with the exception of rulemaking and amendment to the compact. The executive committee oversees the day-to-day activities managed by the executive director and interstate commission staff; administers enforcement and compliance with the provisions of the compact, its by-laws and as directed by the interstate commission and performs other duties as directed by the interstate commission or set forth in the by-laws.
The State Council
Each member state shall create a state council for interstate adult offender supervision which shall be responsible for the appointment of the commissioner who shall serve on the interstate commission from that state. Each state council shall appoint as its commissioner the compact administrator from that state to serve on the interstate commission in such capacity under or pursuant to applicable law of the member state. While each member state may determine the membership of its own state council, its membership shall consist of one (1) member of the legislature appointed on an alternating basis by the president of the senate and speaker of the house, with the president appointing the first member. The judicial planning and administrative council shall appoint one (1) member. There shall be one (1) representative of victims groups and two (2) members from the executive branch appointed by the governor. The appointments shall be made for two (2) year terms beginning on the enactment of the interstate compact for adult offender supervision into law by the thirty-fifth jurisdiction or July 1, 2001, whichever date occurs later. The department of corrections shall provide support for the council and expenses as provided for in W.S. 9-3-102 and 9-3-103. Each compacting state retains the right to determine the qualifications of the compact administrator who shall be appointed by the governor. In addition to appointment of its commissioner to the national interstate commission, each state council shall exercise oversight and advocacy concerning its participation in interstate commission activities and other duties as may be determined by each member state, including but not limited to, development of policy concerning operations and procedures of the compact within that state.
Powers and Duties of the Interstate Commission
(a) The interstate commission shall have the following powers:
(i) To adopt a seal and suitable by-laws governing the management and operation of the interstate commission;
(ii) To promulgate rules which shall have the force and effect of statutory law and shall be binding in the compacting states to the extent and in the manner provided in this compact;
(iii) To oversee, supervise and coordinate the interstate movement of offenders subject to the terms of this compact and any by-laws adopted and rules promulgated by the compact commission;
(iv) To enforce compliance with compact provisions, interstate commission rules and by-laws, using all necessary and proper means, including but not limited to, the use of judicial process;
(v) To establish and maintain offices;
(vi) To purchase and maintain insurance and bonds;
(vii) To borrow, accept or contract for services of personnel, including but not limited to, members and their staffs;
(viii) To establish and appoint committees and hire staff which it deems necessary for the carrying out of its functions including, but not limited to, an executive committee as required by Article III which shall have the power to act on behalf of the interstate commission in carrying out its powers and duties hereunder;
(ix) To elect or appoint such officers, attorneys, employees, agents or consultants and to fix their compensation, define their duties and determine their qualifications; and to establish the interstate commission's personnel policies and programs relating to, among other things, conflicts of interest, rates of compensation and qualifications of personnel;
(x) To accept any and all donations and grants of money, equipment, supplies, materials and services and to receive, utilize and dispose of same;
(xi) To lease, purchase, accept contributions or donations of, or otherwise to own, hold, improve or use any property, real, personal or mixed;
(xii) To sell, convey, mortgage, pledge, lease, exchange, abandon or otherwise dispose of any property, real, personal or mixed;
(xiii) To establish a budget and make expenditures and levy dues as provided in Article X of this compact;
(xiv) To sue and be sued;
(xv) To provide for dispute resolution among compacting states;
(xvi) To perform such functions as may be necessary or appropriate to achieve the purposes of this compact;
(xvii) To report annually to the legislatures, governors, judiciary and state councils of the compacting states concerning the activities of the interstate commission during the preceding year. Such reports shall also include any recommendations that may have been adopted by the interstate commission;
(xviii) To coordinate education, training and public awareness regarding the interstate movement of offenders for officials involved in such activity; and
(xix) To establish uniform standards for the reporting, collecting and exchanging of data.
Organization and Operation of the Interstate Commission
(a) Section A. By-laws. The interstate commission shall, by a majority of the members, within twelve (12) months of the first interstate commission meeting, adopt by-laws to govern its conduct as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the compact, including, but not limited to: establishing the fiscal year of the interstate commission; establishing an executive committee, such other committees as may be necessary and providing reasonable standards and procedures:
(i) For the establishment of committees;
(ii) Governing any general or specific delegation of any authority or function of the interstate commission;
(iii) Providing reasonable procedures for calling and conducting meetings of the interstate commission and ensuring reasonable notice of each such meeting; establishing the titles and responsibilities of the officers of the interstate commission; providing reasonable standards and procedures for the establishment of the personnel policies and programs of the interstate commission. Notwithstanding any civil service or other similar laws of any compacting state, the by-laws shall exclusively govern the personnel policies and programs of the interstate commission;
(iv) Providing a mechanism for winding up the operations of the interstate commission and the equitable return of any surplus funds that may exist upon the termination of the compact after the payment and reserving of all of its debts and obligations;
(v) Providing transition rules for "start up" administration of the compact; and
(vi) Establishing standards and procedures for compliance and technical assistance in carrying out the compact.
(b) Section B. Officers and staff:
(i) The interstate commission shall, by a majority of the members, elect from among its members a chairperson and a vice chairperson, each of whom shall have such authorities and duties as may be specified in the by-laws. The chairperson or, in his or her absence or disability, the vice chairperson, shall preside at all meetings of the interstate commission. The officers so elected shall serve without compensation or remuneration from the interstate commission; provided that, subject to the availability of budgeted funds, the officers shall be reimbursed for any actual and necessary costs and expenses incurred by them in the performance of their duties and responsibilities as officers of the interstate commission;
(ii) The interstate commission shall, through its executive committee, appoint or retain an executive director for such period, upon such terms and conditions and for such compensation as the interstate commission may deem appropriate. The executive director shall serve as secretary to the interstate commission, and hire and supervise such other staff as may be authorized by the interstate commission, but shall not be a member.
(c) Section C. Corporate records of the interstate commission. The interstate commission shall maintain its corporate books and records in accordance with the by-laws.
(d) Section D. Qualified immunity, defense and indemnification:
(i) The members, officers, executive director and employees of the interstate commission shall be immune from suit and liability, either personally or in their official capacity, for any claim for damage to or loss of property or personal injury or other civil liability caused or arising out of any actual or alleged act, error or omission that occurred within the scope of interstate commission employment, duties or responsibilities; provided, that nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to protect any such person from suit and liability for any damage, loss, injury or liability caused by the intentional or willful and wanton misconduct of any such person. The interstate commission shall defend the commissioner of a compacting state, or his representatives or employees or the interstate commission's representatives or employees, in any civil action seeking to impose liability, arising out of any actual or alleged act, error or omission that occurred within the scope of interstate commission employment, duties or responsibilities or that the defendant had a reasonable basis for believing occurred within the scope of interstate commission employment, duties or responsibilities; provided, that the actual or alleged act, error or omission did not result from intentional wrongdoing on the part of such person;
(ii) The interstate commission shall indemnify and hold the commissioner of a compacting state, the appointed designee or employees or the interstate commission's representatives or employees, harmless in the amount of any settlement or judgment obtained against such persons arising out of any actual or alleged act, error or omission that occurred within the scope of interstate commission employment, duties or responsibilities, or that such persons had a reasonable basis for believing occurred within the scope of interstate commission employment, duties or responsibilities, provided, that the actual or alleged act, error or omission did not result from gross negligence or intentional wrongdoing on the part of such person.
Activities of the Interstate Commission
(a) The interstate commission shall meet and take such actions as are consistent with the provisions of this compact.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in this compact and unless a greater percentage is required by the by-laws, in order to constitute an act of the interstate commission, such act shall have been taken at a meeting of the interstate commission and shall have received an affirmative vote of a majority of the members present.
(c) Each member of the interstate commission shall have the right and power to cast a vote to which that compacting state is entitled and to participate in the business and affairs of the interstate commission. A member shall vote in person on behalf of the state and shall not delegate a vote to another member state. However, a state council shall appoint another authorized representative, in the absence of the commissioner from that state, to cast a vote on behalf of the member state at a specified meeting. The by-laws may provide for members' participation in meetings by telephone or other means of telecommunication or electronic communication. Any voting conducted by telephone or other means of telecommunication or electronic communication shall be subject to the same quorum requirements of meetings where members are present in person.
(d) The interstate commission shall meet at least once during each calendar year. The chairperson of the interstate commission may call additional meetings at any time and, upon the request of a majority of the members, shall call additional meetings.
(e) The interstate commission's by-laws shall establish conditions and procedures under which the interstate commission shall make its information and official records available to the public for inspection or copying. The interstate commission may exempt from disclosure any information or official records to the extent they would adversely affect personal privacy rights or proprietary interests. In promulgating such rules, the interstate commission may make available to law enforcement agencies records and information otherwise exempt from disclosure, and may enter into agreements with law enforcement agencies to receive or exchange information or records subject to nondisclosure and confidentiality provisions.
(f) Public notice shall be given of all meetings and all meetings shall be open to the public, except as set forth in the rules or as otherwise provided in the compact. The interstate commission shall promulgate rules consistent with the principles contained in the "Government in Sunshine Act", 5 U.S.C. 552(b), as may be amended. The interstate commission and any of its committees may close a meeting to the public where it determines by two-thirds (2/3) vote that an open meeting would be likely to:
(i) Relate solely to the interstate commission's internal personnel practices and procedures;
(ii) Disclose matters specifically exempted from disclosure by statute;
(iii) Disclose trade secrets or commercial or financial information which is privileged or confidential;
(iv) Involve accusing any person of a crime or formally censuring any person;
(v) Disclose information of a personal nature where disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;
(vi) Disclose investigatory records compiled for law enforcement purposes;
(vii) Disclose information contained in or related to examination, operating or condition reports prepared by, or on behalf of or for the use of, the interstate commission with respect to a regulated entity for the purpose of regulation or supervision of such entity;
(viii) Disclose information, the premature disclosure of which would significantly endanger the life of a person or the stability of a regulated entity; or
(ix) Specifically relate to the interstate commission's issuance of a subpoena or its participation in a civil action or proceeding.
(g) For every meeting closed pursuant to this provision, the interstate commission's chief legal officer shall publicly certify that, in his opinion, the meeting may be closed to the public and shall reference each relevant exemptive provision. The interstate commission shall keep minutes which shall fully and clearly describe all matters discussed in any meeting and shall provide a full and accurate summary of any actions taken and the reasons therefore, including a description of each of the views expressed on any item and the record of any roll call vote (reflected in the vote of each member on the question). All documents considered in connection with any action shall be identified in such minutes.
(h) The interstate commission shall collect standardized data concerning the interstate movement of offenders as directed through its by-laws and rules which shall specify the data to be collected, the means of collection and data exchange and reporting requirements.
Rulemaking Functions of the Interstate Commission
(a) The interstate commission shall promulgate rules in order to effectively and efficiently achieve the purposes of the compact including transition rules governing administration of the compact during the period in which it is being considered and enacted by the states;
(b) Rulemaking shall occur pursuant to the criteria set forth in this article and the by-laws and rules adopted pursuant thereto. Such rulemaking shall substantially conform to the principles of the federal Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C.S. 551 et seq., and the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C.S. app. 2, 1 et seq., as may be amended (hereinafter "APA"). All rules and amendments shall become binding as of the date specified in each rule or amendment.
(c) If a majority of the legislatures of the compacting states rejects a rule, by enactment of a statute or resolution in the same manner used to adopt the compact, then such rule shall have no further force and effect in any compacting state.
(d) When promulgating a rule, the interstate commission shall:
(i) Publish the proposed rule stating with particularity the text of the rule which is proposed and the reason for the proposed rule:
(A) Allow persons to submit written data, facts, opinions and arguments, which information shall be publicly available;
(B) Provide an opportunity for an informal hearing; and
(C) Promulgate a final rule and its effective date, if appropriate, based on the rulemaking record.
(e) Not later than sixty (60) days after a rule is promulgated, any interested person may file a petition in the United States district court for the District of Columbia or in the federal district court where the interstate commission's principal office is located for judicial review of such rule. If the court finds that the interstate commission's action is not supported by substantial evidence, (as defined in the APA), in the rulemaking record, the court shall hold the rule unlawful and set it aside.
(f) Subjects to be addressed within twelve (12) months after the first meeting must at a minimum include:
(i) Notice to victims and opportunity to be heard;
(ii) Offender registration and compliance;
(iv) Transfer procedures and forms;
(v) Eligibility for transfer;
(vi) Collection of restitution and fees from offenders;
(vii) Data collection and reporting;
(viii) The level of supervision to be provided by the receiving state;
(ix) Transition rules governing the operation of the compact and the interstate commission during all or part of the period between the effective date of the compact and the date on which the last eligible state adopts the compact; and
(x) Mediation, arbitration and dispute resolution.
(g) The existing rules governing the operation of the previous compact superceded by this act shall be null and void twelve (12) months after the first meeting of the interstate commission created hereunder.
(h) Upon determination by the interstate commission that an emergency exists, it may promulgate an emergency rule which shall become effective immediately upon adoption, provided that the usual rulemaking procedures provided hereunder shall be retroactively applied to said rule as soon as reasonably possible, in no event later than ninety (90) days after the effective date of the rule.
Oversight, Enforcement and Dispute Resolution by the Interstate Commission
(a) Section A. Oversight:
(i) The interstate commission shall oversee the interstate movement of adult offenders in the compacting states and shall monitor such activities being administered in noncompacting states which may significantly affect compacting states;
(ii) The courts and executive agencies in each compacting state shall enforce this compact and shall take all actions necessary and appropriate to effectuate the compact's purposes and intent. In any judicial or administrative proceeding in a compacting state pertaining to the subject matter of this compact which may affect the powers, responsibilities or actions of the interstate commission, the interstate commission shall be entitled to receive all service of process in any such proceeding and shall have standing to intervene in the proceeding for all purposes.
(b) Section B. Dispute resolution:
(i) The compacting states shall report to the interstate commission on issues or activities of concern to them and cooperate with and support the interstate commission in the discharge of its duties and responsibilities;
(ii) The interstate commission shall attempt to resolve any disputes or other issues which are subject to the compact and which may arise among compacting states and noncompacting states;
(iii) The interstate commission shall enact a by-law or promulgate a rule providing for both mediation and binding dispute resolution for disputes among the compacting states.
(c) Section C. Enforcement.
The interstate commission, in the reasonable exercise of its discretion, shall enforce the provisions of this compact using any or all means set forth in Article XII, section B, of this compact.
(a) The interstate commission shall pay or provide for the payment of the reasonable expenses of its establishment, organization and ongoing activities.
(b) The interstate commission shall levy on and collect an annual assessment from each compacting state to cover the cost of the internal operations and activities of the interstate commission and its staff which must be in a total amount sufficient to cover the interstate commission's annual budget as approved each year. The aggregate annual assessment amount shall be allocated based upon a formula to be determined by the interstate commission, taking into consideration the population of the state and the volume of interstate movement of offenders in each compacting state and shall promulgate a rule binding upon all compacting states which governs said assessment.
(c) The interstate commission shall not incur any obligations of any kind prior to securing the funds adequate to meet the same; nor shall the interstate commission pledge the credit of any of the compacting states, except by and with the authority of the compacting state.
(d) The interstate commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements. The receipts and disbursements of the interstate commission shall be subject to the audit and accounting procedures established under its by-laws. However, all receipts and disbursements of funds handled by the interstate commission shall be audited yearly by a certified or licensed public accountant and the report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual report of the interstate commission.
Compacting States, Effective Date and Amendment
(a) Any state, as defined in article II of this compact, is eligible to become a compacting state. The compact shall become effective and binding upon legislative enactment of the compact into law by no less than thirty-five (35) of the states. The initial effective date shall be the later of July 1, 2001, or upon enactment into law by the thirty-fifth jurisdiction. Thereafter it shall become effective and binding, as to any other compacting state, upon enactment of the compact into law by that state. The governors of nonmember states or their designees will be invited to participate in interstate commission activities on a nonvoting basis prior to adoption of the compact by all states and territories of the United States.
(b) Amendments to the compact may be proposed by the interstate commission for enactment by the compacting states. No amendment shall become effective and binding upon the interstate commission and the compacting states unless and until it is enacted into law by unanimous consent of the compacting states.
Withdrawal, Default, Termination and Judicial Enforcement
(a) Section A. Withdrawal:
(i) Once effective, the compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each and every compacting state; provided, that a compacting state may withdraw from the compact ("withdrawing state") by enacting a statute specifically repealing the statute which enacted the compact into law;
(ii) The effective date of withdrawal is the effective date of the repeal;
(iii) The withdrawing state shall immediately notify the chairperson of the interstate commission in writing upon the introduction of legislation repealing this compact in the withdrawing state. The interstate commission shall notify the other compacting states of the withdrawing state's intent to withdraw within sixty (60) days of its receipt thereof;
(iv) The withdrawing state is responsible for all assessments, obligations and liabilities incurred through the effective date of withdrawal, including any obligations, the performance of which extend beyond the effective date of withdrawal;
(v) Reinstatement following withdrawal of any compacting state shall occur upon the withdrawing state reenacting the compact or upon such later date as determined by the interstate commission.
(b) Section B. Default:
(i) If the interstate commission determines that any compacting state has at any time defaulted ("defaulting state") in the performance of any of its obligations or responsibilities under this compact, the by-laws or any duly promulgated rules, the interstate commission may impose any or all of the following penalties:
(A) Fines, fees and costs in such amounts as are deemed to be reasonable as fixed by the interstate commission;
(B) Remedial training and technical assistance as directed by the interstate commission; suspension and termination of membership in the compact. Suspension shall be imposed only after all other reasonable means of securing compliance under the by-laws and rules have been exhausted. Immediate notice of suspension shall be given by the interstate commission to the governor, the chief justice or chief judicial officer of the state, the majority and minority leaders of the defaulting state's legislature and the state council.
(ii) The grounds for default include, but are not limited to, failure of a compacting state to perform such obligations or responsibilities imposed upon it by this compact, interstate commission by-laws or duly promulgated rules. The interstate commission shall immediately notify the defaulting state in writing of the penalty imposed by the interstate commission on the defaulting state pending a cure of the default. The interstate commission shall stipulate the conditions and the time period within which the defaulting state must cure its default. If the defaulting state fails to cure the default within the time period specified by the interstate commission, in addition to any other penalties imposed herein, the defaulting state may be terminated from the compact upon an affirmative vote of a majority of the compacting states and all rights, privileges and benefits conferred by this compact shall be terminated from the effective date of suspension. Within sixty (60) days of the effective date of termination of a defaulting state, the interstate commission shall notify the governor, the chief justice or chief judicial officer, the majority and minority leaders of the defaulting state's legislature and the state council of such termination;
(iii) The defaulting state is responsible for all assessments, obligations and liabilities incurred through the effective date of termination including any obligations, the performance of which extends beyond the effective date of termination;
(iv) The interstate commission shall not bear any costs relating to the defaulting state unless otherwise mutually agreed upon between the interstate commission and the defaulting state. Reinstatement following termination of any compacting state requires both a reenactment of the compact by the defaulting state and the approval of the interstate commission pursuant to the rules.
(c) Section C. Judicial enforcement. The interstate commission may, by majority vote of the members, initiate legal action in the United States district court for the District of Columbia or, at the discretion of the interstate commission, in the federal district where the interstate commission has its offices to enforce compliance with the provisions of the compact, its duly promulgated rules and by-laws, against any compacting state in default. In the event judicial enforcement is necessary, the prevailing party shall be awarded all costs of such litigation including reasonable attorneys fees.
(d) Section D. Dissolution of compact:
(i) The compact dissolves effective upon the date of the withdrawal or default of the compacting state which reduces membership in the compact to one (1) compacting state;
(ii) Upon the dissolution of this compact, the compact becomes null and void and shall be of no further force or effect, the business and affairs of the interstate commission shall be wound up and any surplus funds shall be distributed in accordance with the by-laws.
Severability and Construction
(a) The provisions of this compact shall be severable, and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision is deemed unenforceable, the remaining provisions of the compact shall be enforceable.
(b) The provisions of this compact shall be liberally constructed to effectuate its purposes.
Binding Effect of Compact and Other Laws
(a) Section A. Other laws:
(i) Nothing herein prevents the enforcement of any other law of a compacting state that is not inconsistent with this compact;
(ii) All compacting states' laws conflicting with this compact are superseded to the extent of the conflict.
(b) Section B. Binding effect of the compact:
(i) All lawful actions of the interstate commission, including all rules and by-laws promulgated by the interstate commission, are binding upon the compacting states;
(ii) All agreements between the interstate commission and the compacting states are binding in accordance with their terms;
(iii) Upon the request of a party to a conflict over meaning or interpretation of interstate commission actions and upon a majority vote of the compacting states, the interstate commission may issue advisory opinions regarding such meaning or interpretation;
(iv) In the event any provision of this compact exceeds the constitutional limits imposed on the legislature of any compacting state, the obligations, duties, powers or jurisdiction sought to be conferred by such provision upon the interstate commission shall be ineffective and the obligations, duties, powers or jurisdiction shall remain in the compacting state and shall be exercised by the agency thereof to which such obligations, duties, powers or jurisdiction are delegated by law in effect at the time this compact becomes effective.
7-13-424. Medical parole; conditions.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law restricting the grant of parole, except for inmates sentenced to death or life imprisonment without parole, the board may grant a medical parole to any inmate meeting the conditions specified in this section. The board shall consider a medical parole upon receipt of written certification by a licensed treating physician that, within a reasonable degree of certainty, one (1) of the following circumstances exist:
(i) The inmate has a serious incapacitating medical need which requires treatment that cannot reasonably be provided while confined in a state correctional facility;
(ii) The inmate is incapacitated by age to the extent that deteriorating physical or mental health substantially diminishes the ability of the inmate to provide self-care within the environment of a correctional facility;
(iii) The inmate is permanently physically incapacitated as the result of an irreversible injury, disease or illness which makes significant physical activity impossible, renders the inmate dependent on permanent medical intervention for survival or confines the inmate to a bed, wheelchair or other assistive device where his mobility is significantly limited; or
(iv) The inmate suffers from a terminal illness caused by injury or disease which is predicted to result in death within twelve (12) months of the application for parole.
(b) The board may only grant a medical parole if it first determines:
(i) That, based on a review of all available information, one (1) or more of the conditions specified in subsection (a) of this section exists;
(ii) That the inmate is not likely to abscond or violate the law if released;
(iii) That living arrangements are in place in the community and sufficient resources are available to meet the inmate's living and medical needs and expenses; and
(iv) That the inmate does not have a medical condition that would endanger public health, safety or welfare if the inmate were released, or that the inmate's proposed living arrangements would protect the public health, safety or welfare from any threat of harm the inmate's medical condition may pose.
(c) Upon the board's request, an independent medical evaluation by a licensed physician shall be conducted, provided to the board and paid for by the department.
(d) The board shall provide the prosecuting attorney and the sentencing court with prior notice of, and the opportunity to provide input regarding, a medical parole hearing for an inmate who is otherwise ineligible for parole.
(e) The board shall impose terms and conditions of parole as it deems necessary, including but not limited to requiring periodic medical progress reports at intervals of not more than six (6) months, in granting a medical parole. A medical parole may be revoked if the parolee violates a condition of parole or if the medical condition which was the basis for the grant of parole no longer exists or has been ameliorated to the extent that the justification for medical parole no longer exists.
ARTICLE 5 - CONTINUATION OF EMPLOYMENT DURING PROBATION
7-13-501. Power of court to allow; confinement when not working.
As a condition of probation in any misdemeanor case, or as a condition of probation granted under W.S. 7-13-107(b)(ii), the sentencing court may allow an employed defendant to continue to work at his employment and provide that when the defendant is not employed, and between the hours or periods of his employment, he shall be confined in the county jail. As a condition of special treatment under this section, the court shall require the defendant to pay a reasonable amount for room and board as determined by the sheriff.
7-13-502. Repealed by Laws 1995, ch. 122, 3.
7-13-503. Work arrangement in another county.
The court may by order authorize the sheriff of the county in which probation is granted to arrange with another sheriff for the defendant granted probation under W.S. 7-13-501 to work at his employment in the other county, and to be confined in the county jail of the other county between the hours or periods when he is not working at his employment.
7-13-504. Persons committed for contempt of court.
A person committed to the county jail for contempt of court may be granted probation to continue his employment as provided by W.S. 7-13-501.
ARTICLE 6 - PERSONS CONVICTED OF CERTAIN SEX CRIMES
7-13-601. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-602. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-603. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-604. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-605. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-606. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-607. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-608. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-609. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-610. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-611. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-612. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-613. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
7-13-614. Repealed by Laws 1987, ch. 41, 1.
ARTICLE 7 - FURLOUGH PROGRAMS
7-13-701. Definitions; establishment of programs.
(a) As used in this section:
(i) "Department" means the state department of corrections;
(ii) "Compassionate leave" means a temporary release to visit a member of the inmate's immediate family who is in danger of death, or to attend the funeral services or other last rites of a member of the inmate's immediate family;
(iii) "Immediate family member" means a spouse, child, parent, brother or sister.
(b) The department may adopt reasonable rules and regulations which will provide for a reentry furlough program for inmates of any state penal institution. The reentry furlough program shall be designed for inmates who are about to be released on parole or final discharge from imprisonment to aid in their reintegration as productive members of society. The program may provide for escorted or unescorted temporary leaves of absence from the institution for purposes of:
(i) Securing community living arrangements;
(ii) Job interviews with prospective employers;
(iii) Learning or relearning necessary living skills; and
(iv) Other purposes, consistent with the public interest, necessary for the inmate's successful reintegration into society.
(c) The department may adopt reasonable rules and regulations which will establish a furlough program to provide for escorted or unescorted temporary leaves of absence from any state penal institution for purposes of:
(i) Maintaining the prisoner's relationship with immediate family members; and
(ii) Providing for compassionate leaves.
An inmate is deemed guilty of escape from official detention and shall be punished as provided by W.S. 6-5-206(a)(i) if, without proper authorization, he fails to remain within the extended limits of his confinement, the location he has been furloughed to, or fails or neglects to return within the time prescribed or when ordered to do so to the institution from which he received a furlough pursuant to W.S. 7-13-701.
ARTICLE 8 - PARDONS AND REPRIEVES
7-13-801. Application for reprieve; conditions; acceptance and filing.
(a) An application for a reprieve shall be made to the governor and shall contain:
(i) The name of the person seeking the reprieve;
(ii) The offense for which he was convicted;
(iii) The date and place of the conviction;
(iv) The sentence imposed;
(v) The sentence served;
(vi) Any subsequent arrests, criminal charges, convictions or sentences; and
(vii) Any other pertinent information the governor may request.
(b) The governor's warrant granting a reprieve shall list any conditions upon which the reprieve is granted. The person accepting the reprieve shall agree in writing to any conditions contained in the warrant.
(c) The warrant of reprieve with the acceptance signed by the person granted the reprieve shall be filed with the clerk of the sentencing court as a part of the record in the case.
7-13-802. Confinement of reprieved persons.
The governor may require as a condition of the reprieve that the person reprieved be confined in a state penal institution during the period of the reprieve.
7-13-803. Manner of applying for pardon.
Application for the pardon of any person convicted of a felony shall be made in the manner and under the restrictions prescribed in W.S. 7-13-803 through 7-13-806.
7-13-804. Contents of application for pardon; notice to district attorney.
(a) A person convicted of a felony may apply to the governor for a pardon. The application shall contain:
(i) The name of the person seeking the pardon;
(ii) The offense for which he was convicted;
(iii) The date and place of the conviction;
(iv) The sentence imposed;
(v) The sentence served;
(vi) Any subsequent arrests, criminal charges, convictions or sentences; and
(vii) Any pertinent information the governor may request such as parole and work release records.
(b) The governor shall give notice of the application to the district attorney of the county in which the applicant was indicted or informed against at least three (3) weeks before the application is considered by the governor.
7-13-805. Statement of district attorney following notice of pardon application.
Within ten (10) days after receiving the notice required by W.S. 7-13-804(b), the district attorney for the county in which the applicant was indicted or informed against shall forward to the governor a statement setting forth the time of the trial and conviction, the date and term of the sentence, the crime of which the person was convicted and any circumstances in aggravation or extenuation which appeared in the trial and sentencing of the person.
7-13-806. Certification that applicant for pardon in danger of death.
When a physician certifies to the governor that the applicant for pardon is in imminent danger of death and the department of corrections recommends to the governor that the person be pardoned, the requirements of W.S. 7-13-803 through 7-13-805 do not apply.
7-13-807. Commutation of death sentences.
Pursuant to article 3, section 53 of the Wyoming constitution, a death sentence may be commuted to a sentence of life imprisonment without parole but that sentence shall not be subject to further commutation.
ARTICLE 9 - EXECUTION OF DEATH SENTENCE
7-13-901. Notice that convict lacks requisite mental capacity.
(a) As used in W.S. 7-13-901 through 7-13-903:
(i) "Court" means the district court which has sentenced a convict to punishment of death;
(ii) "Designated examiner" means a licensed psychiatrist or the combination of a licensed physician and a licensed psychologist who act in concert;
(iii) "Facility" means the Wyoming state hospital or other facility designated by the court which can adequately provide for the security, examination or treatment of the convict;
(iv) "Custodian" means the sheriff, warden, or head of any facility in which the convict is being held pending execution of the death sentence;
(v) "Requisite mental capacity" means the ability to understand the nature of the death penalty and the reasons it was imposed.
(b) If it appears to any custodian or other interested person that any convict sentenced to the punishment of death does not have the requisite mental capacity, the custodian or interested person shall immediately give notice in writing to the court.
(c) Notice to the court under subsection (b) of this section shall be detailed and accompanied by all psychiatric or psychological reports or evaluations made of the convict since the imposition of the death sentence.
7-13-902. Examination of convict to determine mental capacity; hearing; finding of court.
(a) If the court finds from the notice in W.S. 7-13-901(b) that there is reasonable cause to believe that the convict does not have the requisite mental capacity, the court shall stay the execution and order an examination of the convict by a designated examiner. The order may direct examination at the place of confinement or at any other designated facility.
(b) If the order provides for examination at a designated facility, commitment to that facility for the study of the mental condition of the convict shall continue no longer than a thirty (30) day period.
(c) Upon completion of the examination of the convict the designated examiner shall provide a report in writing to the court of his:
(i) Detailed findings; and
(ii) Opinion as to whether the convict has the requisite mental capacity and, if the convict does not have the requisite mental capacity, the probable duration of that incapacity.
(d) The clerk of court shall deliver copies of the report to the attorney general and the district attorney and to the convict or his counsel. Within five (5) days after receiving the copy of the report, the convict, his counsel or the state may upon written request obtain an order granting them an examination of the convict by a designated examiner of their own choosing. If such an examination is ordered, a report conforming to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section shall be furnished to the court and to the opposing party.
(e) If the state, the convict or his counsel does not contest the opinion referred to in subsection (c) of this section, the court may make a determination and finding of record on the basis of the report filed or may hold a hearing on its own motion. If the opinion is contested, the court shall conduct a hearing at which the report or reports may be received in evidence. The parties may summon and cross-examine the persons who provided the report or rendered opinions contained therein and offer evidence upon the issue of the convict's requisite mental capacity.
(f) If the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the convict does not have the requisite mental capacity, the judge shall suspend the execution of the convict until a time when it is found that the convict has the requisite mental capacity.
(g) Upon the court finding that the convict does not have the requisite mental capacity, the court shall issue notice thereof to the convict, the governor, the attorney general and the district attorney.
(h) Unless the convict is represented by counsel, the court shall appoint an attorney to represent him.
(j) During the hearing, the convict shall have an opportunity to be heard either personally or through his counsel. Counsel for the convict may introduce any relevant evidence bearing upon the convict's requisite mental capacity.
(k) If the court finds that the convict has the requisite mental capacity, the court shall issue an order detailing its findings and conclusions and appointing a time for the convict's execution.
7-13-903. Suspension of execution of convict lacking requisite mental capacity; periodic reexaminations; subsequent proceedings.
(a) If the court finds that the convict does not have the requisite mental capacity, the judge shall suspend the execution of the convict. Thereafter a designated examiner shall reexamine the convict at least every twelve (12) months at the direction of the court. After two (2) annual examinations the court may suspend reexamination of the convict.
(b) When the designated examiner determines after examination required by this section that the conditions justifying the suspension of the execution of the death sentence no longer exist, he shall immediately report his determination to the court. The court shall commence a new hearing according to W.S. 7-13-902.
7-13-904. Method of execution.
(a) When sentence of death is imposed by the court in any criminal case, the punishment of death shall be executed by the administration of a continuous intravenous injection of a lethal quantity of an ultra-short-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent and potassium chloride or other equally effective substances sufficient to cause death, until death is pronounced by a licensed physician according to accepted standards of medical practice. The sentence of death shall be executed within the time prescribed by law, unless, for cause shown, the court or governor extends the time. Administration of the injection does not constitute the practice of medicine.
(b) If the execution of the sentence of death as provided in subsection (a) of this section is held unconstitutional, the sentence of death shall be executed by the administration of lethal gas within the time prescribed by law unless for cause shown, the court or the governor extends the time.
7-13-905. Place and time; supervision.
(a) A sentence of death shall be executed within the confines of a state penal institution designated by the director of the department of corrections, before the hour of sunrise on the day specified in the warrant which shall not be less than thirty (30) days after the date of the judgment.
(b) The execution shall be carried out under the supervision and direction of the director of the department of corrections.
7-13-906. Issuance and delivery of warrant.
Whenever a person is sentenced to death, the judge passing sentence shall issue a warrant, signed by the judge and attested by the clerk under the seal of the court, reciting the conviction and sentence and fixing a date of execution. The warrant shall be directed to the director of the department of corrections and shall be delivered by the sheriff at the time the prisoner is delivered to the state penal institution designated by the director.
7-13-907. Confinement pending execution; visitors.
(a) The administrator of the state penal institution shall keep a person sentenced to death in solitary confinement until execution of the death penalty, except the following persons shall be allowed reasonable access to the prisoner:
(i) The prisoner's physician and lawyers;
(ii) Relatives and spiritual advisers of the prisoner; and
(iii) Persons involved in examining a prisoner believed to be pregnant or mentally unfit to proceed with the execution of the sentence.
(a) Only the following witnesses may be present at the execution:
(i) The director of the department of corrections and any persons deemed necessary to assist him in conducting the execution;
(ii) Two (2) physicians, including the prison physician;
(iii) The spiritual advisers of the prisoner;
(iv) The penitentiary chaplain;
(v) The sheriff of the county in which the prisoner was convicted; and
(vi) Not more than ten (10) relatives or friends requested by the prisoner.
7-13-909. Setting of new execution date following unexecuted sentence.
If for any reason a sentence of death has not been executed and remains in force, the court in which sentence was pronounced, on application of the district attorney, shall, if no legal reason exists for not proceeding with the execution of the sentence, enter an order setting a new date for the execution of the sentence, which shall not be less than thirty (30) days from the date of the order. The court may order the prisoner to be brought before it or, if the prisoner is at large, issue a warrant for the prisoner's arrest. The court shall also issue a new warrant directed to the director of the department of corrections to carry out the execution of the sentence as provided by W.S. 7-13-906.
7-13-910. Suspension until specified day or temporary reprieve; return of warrant.
(a) If execution of sentence is suspended until a specified day or if a temporary reprieve is granted until a specified day, the fact of the suspension or reprieve shall be noted on the warrant. On the arrival of the specified day the director of the department of corrections shall proceed with the execution without the necessity for the issuance of a new warrant.
(b) In all cases, the director of the department of corrections shall make a return upon the warrant to the court which sentenced the prisoner.
7-13-911. Suspension to permit review; confinement; return to county for retrial.
(a) A prisoner sentenced to death whose sentence is suspended pending an appeal shall be confined in a state penal institution designated by the director of the department of corrections during the period of suspension.
(b) If the prisoner is granted a new trial he shall be returned to the jail of the county in which he was originally convicted.
7-13-912. Inquiry concerning pregnancy of female prisoner.
(a) If there is good reason to believe that a female sentenced to death is pregnant, the director of the department of corrections shall immediately give written notice to the court in which the judgment of death was rendered and to the district attorney. The execution of the death sentence shall be suspended pending further order of the court.
(b) Upon receiving notice as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the court shall appoint a jury of three (3) physicians to inquire into the supposed pregnancy and to make a written report of their findings to the court.
7-13-913. Determination of court as to pregnancy; suspension of sentence.
(a) If the court determines the female is not pregnant, the director of the department of corrections shall execute the death sentence.
(b) If the court determines the female is pregnant, the court shall order the execution of the sentence suspended until it is determined that the female is no longer pregnant at which time the court shall issue a warrant appointing a new date for the execution of the sentence.
7-13-914. Transportation to penal institution.
A prisoner sentenced to death shall be transported to the state penal institution designated by the director of the department of corrections at state expense.
7-13-915. Disposition of body.
The body of any prisoner who has been executed shall be decently buried at the expense of the state, unless the body is claimed by any relative or friend in which case the body may be delivered to the relative or friend for the purpose of burial.
ARTICLE 10 - YOUTHFUL OFFENDER PROGRAM
(a) As used in this article:
(i) "Department" means the department of corrections;
(ii) "Reduction of sentence" includes changing a sentence of incarceration to a grant of probation.
7-13-1002. Sentence reduction for youthful offenders.
(a) The sentencing court may reduce the sentence of any convicted felon who:
(i) Is certified by the department as having successfully completed the youthful offender program under W.S. 7-13-1003; and
(ii) Makes application to the court within one (1) year after the individual began serving a sentence of incarceration at a state penal institution.
7-13-1003. Establishment of program; eligibility; rulemaking authority.
(a) The department shall adopt reasonable rules and regulations to establish a youthful offender program for inmates incarcerated in a state penal institution.
(b) In addition to any other eligibility requirements adopted by the department, an inmate is eligible for placement in the youthful offender program only if he:
(i) Is serving a sentence of imprisonment at a state penal institution for any offense other than a felony punishable by death or life imprisonment;
(ii) Has not attained the age of twenty-five (25) years;
(iii) Has not previously served a term of incarceration at any state or federal adult penal institution.
(c) The program created by the department shall include:
(i) Separation of program participants from the general inmate population;
(ii) Emphasis upon work and physical activity as a major element of the program.
(d) Participation by an inmate in the youthful offender program is a matter of grace and not of right. Approval of an inmate's participation in the program may be revoked by the department at any time if the inmate fails to comply with program requirements. The inmate shall not have any right to appeal the denial of his participation in the program.
ARTICLE 11 - INTENSIVE SUPERVISION PROGRAM
(a) As used in this article:
(i) "Department" means the department of corrections;
(ii) "Intensive supervision program" means a program established under W.S. 7-13-1102 which allows participants to live or work in the community under close supervision methods.
7-13-1102. Authority to establish programs; rulemaking authority.
(a) The department is authorized to adopt reasonable rules and regulations to establish an intensive supervision program for probationers and parolees.
(b) An intensive supervision program established under this article may require:
(i) Electronic monitoring, regimented daily schedules or itineraries, house arrest, telephone contact, drug testing, curfew checks or other supervision methods which facilitate contact with supervisory personnel;
(ii) Community service work, family, educational or vocational counseling, treatment for substance abuse, mental health treatment and monitoring of restitution orders and fines previously imposed on the participant; and
(iii) Imposition of supervision fees to be paid by participants.
(c) Subject to legislative appropriation, the department may, by negotiation without competitive bid or by competitive bidding, contract with any governmental or nongovernmental entity to provide services required to carry out the provisions of this article.
(d) The department shall have general supervisory authority over all probationers and parolees participating in a program under this article.
7-13-1103. Program participation not a matter of right.
(a) Participation in a program authorized by this article is a matter of grace and not of right.
(b) No person shall be allowed to participate in a program authorized by this article unless the person agrees in writing to abide by all the rules and regulations of the department relating to the operation of the program and agrees to submit to administrative sanctions which may be imposed under W.S. 7-13-1107.
7-13-1104. Program participation as a condition of parole.
(a) The state board of parole may, as a condition of parole, require a parolee to participate in a program established under this article, provided:
(i) Space and funding is available for the parolee's participation in the program; and
(ii) The department determines the person has a reasonable likelihood of successfully participating in the program.
7-13-1105. Placement of probationer in program by sentencing court.
(a) A sentencing court may, as a condition of probation, order that a defendant who has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to or has been convicted of a felony, or any offense defined by subsection (c) of this section, participate in a program established under this article, provided:
(i) Space is available in the program;
(ii) The probationer agrees to participate in the program;
(iii) The department determines the person has a reasonable likelihood of successfully participating in the program; and
(iv) The legislature has specifically appropriated funds or other unencumbered funds are available to pay for the probationer's participation in the program.
(b) The department shall be responsible for including in the presentence report to the sentencing judge any recommendations for the utilization of a program created under this article.
(c) Subject to the conditions specified in subsection (a)(i) through (iv) of this section, participation in a program established under this article may be ordered for a defendant who has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to or has been convicted of a violation of W.S. 6-4-404, or a violation of W.S. 6-2-501(a), (b), (e) or (f)(i) or 6-2-504(a) or (b) if the defendant and the victim are household members as defined by W.S. 35-21-102(a)(iv).
7-13-1106. Program participation as an alternative to probation or parole revocation.
(a) The department may, as an alternative to recommending revocation of probation or parole under W.S. 7-13-408, offer any probationer or parolee who is not already participating in an intensive supervision program the opportunity to participate in a program authorized under this article, provided:
(i) Space and funding is available for the person's participation in the program;
(ii) The department determines the person has a reasonable likelihood of successfully participating in the program;
(iii) The probationer or parolee agrees to participate in the program; and
(iv) In the case of a probationer, the department shall notify the sentencing court and the prosecuting attorney of the probationer's agreement to participate in an intensive supervision program.
7-13-1107. Administrative sanctions for program violations.
(a) The department is authorized to establish by rule and regulation a system of administrative sanctions as an alternative to probation or parole revocation for probationers and parolees who violate the rules and restrictions of an intensive supervision program established under this article.
(b) Authorized sanctions may include:
(i) Loss or restriction of privileges;
(ii) Community service; and
(iii) Restrictions on personal liberty including:
(A) Detention in county jail for a period not exceeding thirty (30) days;
(B) Placement in a residential community correctional program for a period not to exceed sixty (60) days.
(c) The county sheriff shall house probationers and parolees committed to the county jail pursuant to this section. The cost of housing a program violator in the county jail shall be paid by the department at a per diem rate not to exceed the daily cost of keeping an inmate at the Wyoming state penitentiary.
(d) If any civil action is brought against any sheriff, his under sheriff, deputy, agent or employee, by reason of acts committed or allegedly committed in the performance of necessary duties in connection with the housing and care of a program violator under this section, the state shall indemnify and hold harmless the officers, agents or employees from all civil liability incurred or adjudged except punitive damage awards. Upon request, the state shall provide legal counsel at state expense to assist in the defense of any action referred to in this subsection.
ARTICLE 12 - TEEN COURT PROGRAM
7-13-1201. Short title.
This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Wyoming Teen Court Program".
(a) As used in this act:
(i) "Minor offense" means any crime punishable as a misdemeanor or the violation of any municipal ordinance, provided the maximum penalty authorized by law for the offense does not exceed imprisonment for more than six (6) months and a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00);
(ii) "Supervising court" means the municipal court or circuit court by whose order a teen court program is established pursuant to rules and regulations promulgated by the Wyoming supreme court;
(iii) "Teen" for the purposes of this act means a person who has attained the age of thirteen (13) years of age and is under the age of majority;
(iv) "Teen court" or "teen court program" means an alternative sentencing procedure under which regular court proceedings involving a teen charged with a minor offense may be deferred and subsequently dismissed on condition that the defendant participate fully in the teen court program and appear before a jury of teen peers for sentencing and that the defendant successfully complete the terms and conditions of the sentence imposed. This sentencing is in addition to the provisions of W.S. 7-13-301 and 35-7-1037;
(v) "This act" means W.S. 7-13-1201 through 7-13-1205.
7-13-1203. Authority to establish teen court program.
(a) The Wyoming supreme court shall adopt rules and regulations governing teen court by July 1, 1996.
(b) In addition to any other power authorized, a municipal court judge, with the approval and consent of the governing body of the municipality, or any circuit court judge, with the approval and consent of the board of county commissioners, may by order establish a teen court program and training standards for participation in accordance with this act to provide a disposition alternative for teens charged with minor offenses.
(c) In any case involving the commission of a minor offense by a teen defendant, the supervising court may, without entering a judgment of guilt or conviction, defer further proceedings and order the defendant to participate in a teen court program, provided:
(i) The teen defendant, with the consent of, or in the presence of, the defendant's parents or legal guardian, enters a plea of guilty in open court to the offense charged;
(ii) The restitution amount, if any, owed to any victim has been determined by the supervising court;
(iii) The defendant requests on the record to participate in the teen court program and agrees that deferral of further proceedings in the action filed in the supervising court is conditioned upon the defendant's successful completion of the teen court program; and
(iv) The court determines that the defendant will benefit from participation in the teen court program.
(d) If the supervising court determines that the teen defendant has successfully completed the teen court program, the supervising court may discharge the defendant and dismiss the proceedings against him.
(e) If the defendant fails to successfully complete the prescribed teen court program, the supervising court shall enter an adjudication of guilt and conviction and proceed to impose sentence upon the defendant for the offense originally charged.
(f) Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without adjudication of guilt and is not a conviction for any purpose. If the original offense charged was a traffic offense, the court shall, within thirty (30) days after the discharge and dismissal is entered, submit to the department of transportation an abstract of the record of the court evidencing the defendant's successful completion of the teen court program. The department shall maintain abstracts received under this subsection as provided by W.S. 31-5-1214(f).
7-13-1204. Program criteria.
(a) A teen court program may be established under this act in accordance with the following criteria:
(i) The judge of the teen court shall be the judge of the supervising court or an attorney admitted to practice in this state appointed by the supervising court to serve in a voluntary capacity and shall serve at the pleasure of the supervising court;
(ii) Procedures in teen court shall be established by order of the supervising court in conformance with the provisions of this act and shall be subject to any uniform procedures for teen courts as may be prescribed by the Wyoming supreme court;
(iii) The supervising court may authorize the use of its courtroom and other facilities by the teen court program during times when the courtroom and facilities are not required for the normal operations of the supervising court;
(iv) The teen defendant, as a condition of participation in the teen court program, may be required to pay a nonrefundable fee not to exceed ten dollars ($10.00). Fees collected under this paragraph by a municipal court shall be credited to the treasury of the municipality. Fees collected under this paragraph by a circuit court shall be credited to the treasury of the county;
(v) The teen court program may involve teens serving as voluntary teen court members in various capacities including, but not limited to jurors, prosecutor-advocates, defender-advocates, bailiffs, clerks and supervisory duties;
(vi) Every teen defendant appearing in teen court shall be accompanied by a parent or guardian;
(vii) The teen court jury shall impose restitution, if any, in the amount established by the supervising court;
(viii) The supervisory court, in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the Wyoming supreme court, shall establish a range of sentencing alternatives for any case referred to teen court. Sentencing alternatives shall include, but not be limited to:
(A) Community service as authorized by the supervising court;
(B) Mandatory participation in law related education classes, appropriate counseling, treatment or other education programs;
(C) Require the teen defendant to participate as a juror or other teen court member in proceedings involving teen defendants;
(D) Fines, not to exceed the statutory amount.
(ix) The teen court jury shall not have the power to impose a term of imprisonment.
7-13-1205. Juvenile courts authorized to establish teen court program.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Juvenile Justice Act, W.S. 14-6-201 through 14-6-252, a juvenile court may establish and offer a teen court program substantially complying with the provisions of this act as an alternative to any disposition authorized by W.S. 14-6-229(d), provided:
(i) Participation in the teen court program shall be limited to teens charged under the Juvenile Court Act with having committed a minor offense and who have been adjudicated delinquent;
(ii) The juvenile and all parties to the proceeding, including any guardian ad litem appointed in the juvenile court proceeding to represent the best interests of the juvenile, consent to the juvenile's participation in the teen court program;
(iii) The juvenile and the juvenile's parents or guardian waive any rights to confidentiality otherwise available under the Juvenile Court Act; and
(iv) The juvenile court finds that participation in the teen court program would be in the best interest of the juvenile.
ARTICLE 13 - ADDICTED OFFENDER ACCOUNTABILITY
(a) As used in W.S. 7-13-1301 through 7-13-1304:
(i) "Adequate treatment alternative" is a community program certified under rules adopted by the department of health for purposes of providing substance abuse and other related services to criminal offenders. The program shall provide the level of services required of the offender being referred, be certified by the department of health to treat the criminal justice population and shall include protections, including psychological testing and frequent chemical drug testing that can be reasonably relied upon to protect the public safety and to hold the offender accountable;
(ii) "Community facility or program" means a community based or community-oriented facility or program which is operated either by a unit of local government or by a nongovernmental agency which provides substance abuse treatment and other necessary programs, services and monitoring to aid offenders in obtaining and holding regular employment, in enrolling in and maintaining academic courses or participating in vocational training programs, in utilizing the resources of the community in meeting their personal and family needs and in participating in other specialized treatment programs existing within the state. These services may be provided directly or through referrals to other programs;
(iii) "Convicted" means an unvacated determination of guilt by any court having legal jurisdiction of the offense and from which no appeal is pending and includes pleas of guilty and nolo contendere. For purposes of W.S. 7-13-1302 only, "convicted" shall include dispositions pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301, 7-13-302(a), 35-7-1037 or deferred prosecutions when ordered. Otherwise, for purposes of this act, "convicted" shall not include dispositions pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301, 7-13-302(a), 35-7-1037 or deferred prosecutions;
(iv) "Qualified offender" means a person convicted of a felony whom the court finds has a need for alcohol or other drug treatment. The payment amount required of the offender for treatment shall be based on the ability of the offender to pay as established on a sliding fee scale pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the department of health and may, at the discretion of the court, be paid through delayed or installment payments. In determining an offender's ability to pay the court may consider present circumstances as well as reasonable future potential;
(v) "Substance abuse assessment" means an evaluation conducted by a qualified person using practices and procedures approved by the department of health to determine whether a person has a need for alcohol or other drug treatment and the level of treatment services required to treat that person;
(vi) "Violent felony" means murder, manslaughter, kidnapping, sexual assault in the first or second degree, robbery, aggravated assault, aircraft hijacking, arson in the first or second degree or aggravated burglary;
(vii) "This act" means W.S. 7-13-1301 through 7-13-1304.
(b) For purposes of this act "incarceration" or "incarcerated" shall not include periods of confinement allowed under the provisions of W.S. 7-13-1102 or 7-13-1107(b).
7-13-1302. Substance abuse assessment required.
All persons convicted of a third misdemeanor under W.S. 31-5-233(e) or a felony shall receive, as a part of a presentence report, a substance abuse assessment. The cost of the substance abuse assessment shall be assessed to and paid by the offender. A person who has undergone a substance abuse assessment pursuant to W.S. 31-5-233(e) may receive a second assessment under this section if the court finds that enough time has passed to make the first assessment inaccurate.
7-13-1303. Suspended sentence for qualified offenders.
(a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, notwithstanding any other provision of law, qualified offenders may be placed on probation under W.S. 7-13-301, receive a suspended sentence under W.S. 7-13-302(a) or placed on probation under W.S. 35-7-1037. The sentence or probation order shall set forth the terms of a treatment program based upon the substance abuse assessment and any other terms and conditions as the court may deem appropriate under the circumstances, and require the offender to satisfactorily complete the treatment program. The court shall include in the sentence or probation order any provisions necessary to reasonably protect the health of the offender.
(b) The treatment provider shall be required to report to the court, the prosecuting attorney, probation officer and counsel representing the offender not less than once per month on the offender's progress in meeting the requirements of the sentence and the program.
(c) A qualified offender or person sentenced under this act may be incarcerated if the court concludes on the basis of the evidence that:
(i) No adequate treatment alternative exists;
(ii) Under the facts of the case, the interests of justice require a period of incarceration; provided however, under the circumstances, a portion of the sentence may be suspended under the conditions set forth in subsection (a) of this section;
(iii) The offender refuses to agree to participate in the court ordered treatment program or fails to satisfactorily complete the court ordered treatment program; or
(iv) The offender commits a felony, sells or otherwise delivers controlled substances while in a program pursuant to this section, or engages in other behavior that poses an unreasonable risk to public safety while in the program. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the absence of the commission of these acts, those programs and sanctions set forth in W.S. 7-13-1102 and 7-13-1107(b) may be used at the discretion of the probation officer or court to address other violations of the sentencing or probation order.
(d) In the event probation is revoked, the court may impose one (1) or more of the sanctions set forth in W.S. 7-13-1102 or 7-13-1107(b) unless the court, in its sole discretion, finds that another disposition, including imprisonment, is necessary under the facts of the case.
7-13-1304. Rebuttable presumption in violent crime or delivery of controlled substance cases.
If a person has been convicted of a violent felony or delivery or unlawful manufacture of a controlled substance under W.S. 35-7-1031, there is a rebuttable presumption that the person is not a "qualified offender" for purposes of sentencing under this act. This presumption may be rebutted by clear and convincing evidence that the person who is an otherwise qualified offender convicted of a violent felony could participate in a treatment program without posing an unreasonable risk to the safety of the public. As to persons convicted of manufacture or delivery of a controlled substance, the presumption may be rebutted by clear and convincing evidence that the person committed the crime because of his own dependency.
ARTICLE 14 - EXPUNGEMENT OF CRIMINAL RECORDS
7-13-1401. Petition for expungement; records of arrest, dismissal of charges, disposition; eligibility; no filing fee.
(a) A person may petition the court in which a proceeding occurred, or would have occurred, for an order expunging records of arrest, charges or dispositions which may have been made in the case, subject to the following limitations:
(i) At least one hundred eighty (180) days have passed since the arrest, or from the date the charge or charges were dismissed for which expungement is sought, there are no formal charges pending against the person when the petition is filed, there were no dispositions pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301 to any charge or charges as the result of the incident leading to the arrest, including dispositions to a different or lesser charge, there were no dispositions pursuant to W.S. 35-7-1037 to any charge or charges as the result of the incident leading to the arrest, including dispositions to a different or lesser charge, there were no dispositions pursuant to former W.S. 7-13-203 to any charge or charges as the result of the incident leading to the arrest, including dispositions to a different or lesser charge, the petitioner sufficiently demonstrates that his petition satisfies all the requirements of this section, and at least one (1) of the following applies:
(A) There were no convictions pursuant to any charge or charges, including a conviction pursuant to a different or lesser charge as the result of the incident leading to the arrest;
(B) No criminal charges of any nature were filed in any court as the result of the incident leading to the arrest; or
(C) All criminal proceedings against the person were dismissed by the prosecutor or the court, and such proceedings were the result of the incident which led to the arrest.
(b) Any petition filed under this section shall be verified by the petitioner, served upon and reviewed by the prosecuting attorney, and no order granting expungement shall be issued prior to the expiration of twenty (20) days after service was made.
(c) The prosecuting attorney shall file with the court, an objection, if any, to the petition within twenty (20) days after service. If an objection is filed, the court shall set the matter for hearing. If no objection is filed, the court may summarily enter an order if the court finds that the petitioner is otherwise eligible for relief under this section.
(d) If the court finds that the petitioner is eligible for relief under this section, it shall issue an order granting the expungement of the applicable record. The court shall also place the court file under seal, available only for inspection by order of that court. The court shall transmit a certified copy of the order to the division of criminal investigation.
(e) There shall be no filing fee for a petition filed under this section.
(f) A person who has received an order of expungement under this section may respond to any inquiry as though the arrest, or charge or charges did not occur, unless otherwise provided by law.
(g) The state, through the prosecuting attorney, may appeal any order of expungement issued by any court under this section.
(h) Notwithstanding W.S. 1-39-101 through 1-39-120, the division of criminal investigation and its employees are immune from liability, either as an agency or individually, for any actions, inactions or omissions by the agency or any employee thereof, pursuant to this section.
(j) As used in this section:
(i) "Expungement" means only the classification of the record maintained in the files of the state central repository at the division of criminal investigation as defined by W.S. 7-19-107(a), in a manner reasonably tailored to ensure that the record will not be available for dissemination purposes other than to a criminal justice agency of any state or a federal criminal justice agency, to be used solely for criminal justice purposes. Expungement shall not include investigatory files of any local, state or federal criminal justice agency, where those files are being used solely for criminal justice purposes;
(ii) "Record" means any notation of the arrest, charge or disposition maintained in the state central repository at the division of criminal investigation, whether in paper or electronic format.
ARTICLE 15 - EXPUNGEMENT OF RECORDS OF CONVICTIONS
7-13-1501. Petition for expungement of records of conviction of misdemeanors; filing fee; notice; objections; hearing; definitions.
(a) A person who has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to or been convicted of a misdemeanor under W.S. 6-2-501(a), (b) or (e), 6-2-504(a) or 6-6-102, or those same misdemeanors arising out of the same occurrence or related course of events, may petition the convicting court for an expungement of the records of conviction, subject to the following limitations:
(i) At least five (5) years have passed since the expiration of the terms of sentence imposed by the court, including any periods of probation or the completion of any program ordered by the court;
(ii) Other than convictions for which an expungement is sought under this section, the petitioner has not previously pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to or been convicted of a misdemeanor under W.S. 6-2-501(a), (b) or (e), 6-2-504(a) or 6-6-102;
(iii) The misdemeanor or misdemeanors for which the person is seeking expungement shall not have involved the use or attempted use of a firearm.
(b) A petition filed under this section shall be verified by the petitioner and served upon the prosecuting attorney and the division of criminal investigation. The filing fee for each petition filed under this section shall be one hundred dollars ($100.00) and shall be deposited in accordance with W.S. 5-9-144.
(c) The prosecuting attorney shall serve notice of the petition for expungement by certified mail, return receipt requested, to any identifiable victims of the misdemeanors at their last known addresses of record on file with the prosecuting attorney. The notices shall include a copy of the petition and statutes applicable to the petition. In the event that there are no identifiable victims, or that there is at least one (1) identifiable victim and the prosecuting attorney has no address of record on file or the notice sent was returned or is otherwise undeliverable, the prosecuting attorney shall notify the court and shall be deemed to have complied with the provisions of this subsection.
(d) The court in its discretion may request a written report by the division of criminal investigation concerning the criminal history of the petitioner.
(e) The prosecuting attorney shall review the petition and shall file with the court an objection or recommendation, if any, to the petition within thirty (30) days after service of the notice by the petitioner upon the prosecuting attorney. If the prosecuting attorney or an identifiable victim submits a written objection to the court concerning the petition within thirty (30) days after service of the notice by the petitioner upon the prosecuting attorney, or if the petitioner objects to the criminal history report of the division of criminal investigation if requested by the court, the court shall set a date for a hearing and notify the prosecuting attorney, the identifiable victims who have submitted written objections to the petition, the division of criminal investigation and the petitioner of the date set for the hearing. Any person who has relevant information about the petitioner may testify at the hearing.
(f) If no objection is filed to the petition within thirty (30) days after service of the notice by the petitioner upon the prosecuting attorney, the court may summarily enter an order if the court finds that the petitioner is otherwise eligible for relief under this section. No order granting expungement shall be issued prior to the expiration of thirty (30) days after service was made to the prosecuting attorney.
(g) If the court finds that the petitioner is eligible for relief under this section and that the petitioner does not represent a substantial danger to himself, any identifiable victim or society, it shall issue an order granting expungement of the applicable records. The court shall also place the court files under seal, available for inspection only by order of that court. The court shall transmit a certified copy of the order to the division of criminal investigation.
(h) The state, through the prosecuting attorney, may appeal any order of expungement issued by any court under this section.
(j) Notwithstanding W.S. 1-39-101 through 1-39-120, the division of criminal investigation and its employees and any prosecuting attorney are immune from liability, either as an agency or individually, for any actions, inactions or omissions by the agency or any employee thereof, pursuant to this section.
(k) Nothing in this section shall be construed to allow a person who has previously received an expungement of records of conviction under this section to seek a second or subsequent expungement of records of conviction under this section.
(m) As used in this section:
(i) "Expungement" means as defined in W.S. 7-13-1401(j)(i);
(ii) "Misdemeanor" means as defined by W.S. 6-10-101;
(iii) "Record" means as defined in W.S. 7-13-1401(j)(ii).
ARTICLE 16 - COURT SUPERVISED TREATMENT PROGRAMS ACT
7-13-1601. Short title.
This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Court Supervised Treatment Programs Act."
(a) As used in this act:
(i) "Account" means the court supervised treatment account created by W.S. 7-13-1605(a);
(ii) "Applicant" means the governing body of a city, town or county, a tribal government of either the Northern Arapaho or Eastern Shoshone tribes of the Wind River Indian Reservation or a nonprofit organization recognized under 26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3);
(iii) "Continuum of care" means a seamless and coordinated course of substance abuse education and treatment designed to meet the needs of drug offenders as they move through the criminal justice system and beyond, maximizing self-sufficiency;
(iv) "Department" means the Wyoming department of health;
(v) "Dual diagnosis" means substance abuse and a co-occurring mental health disorder;
(vi) "Participant" means a substance offender or any other person as provided in title 14 of the Wyoming statutes who has been referred to and accepted into a program;
(vii) "Participating judge" means the district, juvenile, circuit, municipal or tribal court judge or magistrate acting as part of a program team;
(viii) "Program" or "court supervised treatment program" means a local court supervised treatment program that complies with rules and regulations adopted by the department;
(ix) "Program coordinator" means the person responsible for coordinating the establishment, operation, evaluation and integrity of a program;
(x) "Program team" means the team created pursuant to W.S. 7-13-1609(a);
(xi) "Recidivism" means any subsequent criminal charge;
(xii) "Referring judge" means the district, juvenile, circuit, municipal or tribal court judge or magistrate who refers a substance offender or any other person as provided in title 14 of the Wyoming statutes to a program;
(xiii) "Staffing" means the meeting of a program team before a participant's entry into the program, and during the participant's participation in the program, to plan a coordinated response to the participant's behaviors and needs;
(xiv) "Substance" means alcohol, any controlled substance as defined in W.S. 35-7-1002(a)(iv), any substance used for mind altering purpose or over-the-counter medications and inhalants which are used in a manner not intended by the manufacturer;
(xv) "Substance abuse assessment" means as defined in W.S. 7-13-1301(a)(v);
(xvi) "Substance abuse treatment" means treatment designed to provide education and therapy directed toward ending substance abuse and preventing its return;
(xvii) "Substance offender" means a person charged with a substance related offense or an offense in which substance abuse is determined from the evidence to have been a significant factor in the commission of the offense;
(xviii) "This act" means W.S. 7-13-1601 through 7-13-1615.
7-13-1603. Purposes and goals.
(a) The legislature recognizes the critical need in this state for treatment programs to break the cycle of substance abuse and the crimes committed as a result thereof. Court supervised treatment programs shall be facilitated for the purpose of providing sentencing options for the judicial system in cases stemming from substance abuse, by combining judicial supervision, probation, substance abuse assessment, substance abuse testing, monitoring, treatment, and aftercare for substance offenders.
(b) The goals of the programs funded under this act shall be:
(i) To reduce recidivism by participants;
(ii) To strive for program retention and graduation of participants;
(iii) To strive for sobriety of participants; and
(iv) To monitor the services provided to participants.
7-13-1604. Standards for attorneys and judges.
(a) Attorneys, participating judges and referring judges shall adhere to the standards set forth in the Wyoming Rules of Professional Conduct for Attorneys at Law, the Wyoming Statutes of Judicial Conduct and any rules adopted by the supreme court governing program practices.
(b) The referring judge in a particular case may be the participating judge in that participant's treatment program, provided the participating judge shall not act upon any motion to revoke probation that may be filed in the original criminal or juvenile case, nor in sentencing or disposition.
7-13-1605. Establishment of court supervised program account; rules and regulations; panel created; program funding.
(a) There is created a court supervised treatment program account. All interest earned on funds within this account shall be deposited in the account. The department shall oversee and provide funding for programs from the court supervised treatment program account. Funds within the account shall be expended by the department for the purposes of this act upon legislative appropriation. Any expenses incurred by the department in implementing this act shall be paid from the account and shall not exceed ten percent (10%) of the amounts appropriated to the department for purposes of this act.
(b) The department shall determine whether an application for a program meets the qualifications specified in W.S. 7-13-1606(b) and the rules and regulations promulgated by the department pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.
(c) The department shall promulgate rules and regulations necessary to implement this act, including establishing standards consistent with the key components of drug courts defined by the United States department of justice or such similar rules as may be adopted by the department. The rules shall:
(i) Specify funding formulas for funding from the account which formula shall include provisions requiring local contribution to the cost of a program;
(ii) Require participants to contribute financially to their own program;
(iii) Establish program requirements, operational standards and protocols for programs, program team and staff training requirements, program data collection and maintenance, certification requirements for treatment personnel, and incentive and sanction limitations.
(d) A panel, consisting of the attorney general, the directors of the department of health, department of family services and department of corrections, the chairman of the governor's advisory board on substance abuse and violent crimes and the state public defender, or their designees, shall make the final determination whether an application for a court supervised treatment program meets the qualifications of this act and shall determine the funding amount for each successful applicant. The panel may deny an application for a new program if the funding for the new program would substantially affect funding levels for existing programs.
(e) In addition to those funds deposited in the account created by this section, the department may accept, and shall deposit to the account, any gifts, contributions, donations, grants or federal funds specifically given to the department for the benefit of programs in Wyoming.
(f) Nothing in this act shall prohibit a program from obtaining or providing supplemental funding. All supplemental funds received by a program shall be reported to the department.
7-13-1606. Establishment of court supervised treatment programs.
(a) Any court supervised treatment program that meets the qualifications specified in this section and the department's rules and regulations may apply for funding from the account on a form developed by the department.
(b) The applicant shall be the contracting agent for all its program contracts. All program employees of a program shall be employees of the applicant that was awarded a grant under this section, but referring judges, participating judges, other judicial branch personnel and department of corrections personnel shall not be program employees. All program funds and grants shall be managed by the applicant to whom a grant is awarded pursuant to the provisions of a contract between the department and the applicant.
(c) All program billing shall be the responsibility of the applicant.
(d) The application shall identify participating judges and contain a plan for the participation of judges. The plan shall be consistent with rules adopted by the department and the supreme court.
(e) The application shall specify the treatment services to be provided by the program and shall identify the treatment providers.
(f) The application shall include other information that may be required by the department.
7-13-1607. Participation in court supervised treatment program; conditions; extended probation.
(a) No substance offender may participate in a program unless the substance offender, in a Wyoming district, juvenile, circuit, municipal or tribal court, has been charged with an offense; and:
(i) Has entered an admission, or a guilty or nolo contendere plea;
(ii) Has entered a guilty plea pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301;
(iii) Has signed a consent decree under title 14 of the Wyoming statutes; or
(iv) Is on parole under the provisions of W.S. 7-13-401 et seq.
(b) Any district, juvenile, circuit, municipal or tribal court judge, or magistrate, may refer substance offenders for participation in a program. The referring judge may act as a participating judge in a program as authorized by this act and by rules adopted by the supreme court. A substance offender who is a defendant in a criminal action or a respondent in a juvenile court action may be referred for participation in a program if:
(i) A substance abuse assessment reveals that the person is in need of treatment;
(ii) The referring judge has reason to believe that participation in a program will benefit the person by addressing his substance abuse;
(iii) In a juvenile court case, the referring judge has reason to believe that participation by the child's parent or guardian will be in the best interest of the child; or
(iv) The person's case is processed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.
(c) Participation in a program shall only be with the consent of the referring judge, the participant and the prosecuting attorney, and acceptance of the participant by the program team in accordance with a written agreement between the participant and the program team. The agreement shall include the participant's consent to release of medical and other records relevant to his treatment history and assessment that meets the requirements of 42 U.S.C. 290dd-2(b), 42 C.F.R. part 2.31 or W.S. 35-2-607(c), as applicable. Prior to a participant's entry into a written agreement, the participating judge shall inform the participant that he may be subject to a term of probation that exceeds the maximum term of imprisonment established for the particular offense charged, as provided in W.S. 5-9-134 and 7-13-1614.
(d) Nothing in this act shall confer a right or an expectation of a right to participate in a program, nor does this act obligate a program team to accept any proposed participant. Neither the establishment of a program nor anything herein contained shall be construed as limiting the discretion of a prosecuting attorney in regard to the prosecution of any criminal or juvenile case.
7-13-1608. Incentives and sanctions; extended probation.
(a) The participating judge may grant reasonable incentives under the written agreement under W.S. 7-13-1607(c) if he finds that since the last staffing, the participant:
(i) Is performing satisfactorily in the program;
(ii) Is benefiting from the program; and
(iii) Has not violated any term or condition of the agreement.
(b) The participating judge may impose reasonable sanctions under the written agreement, including but not limited to, expulsion from the program, incarceration for a period not to exceed thirty (30) days if the participant is an adult, or detention for a period not to exceed thirty (30) days if the participant is a juvenile, if the participating judge finds that since the last staffing the participant:
(i) Is not performing satisfactorily in the program;
(ii) Is not benefiting from the program;
(iii) Has engaged in conduct rendering the participant unsuitable for the program;
(iv) Has otherwise violated any term or condition of the written agreement; or
(v) Is unable to participate in the program.
(c) To ensure due process of law, expulsion from the program shall be at the discretion of the participating judge, following a hearing, based on the recommendation of the program team. Expulsion shall not occur without the participant first being notified of the reasons for the proposed expulsion and given an opportunity to be heard by the program team and the participating judge.
7-13-1609. Program team to be created; duties; program coordinator.
(a) Each applicant seeking to establish a program shall create a program team, consisting of the following members, all of whom shall be appointed by the governing body of the applicant, subject to the individual consent of each appointee:
(i) A participating judge;
(ii) A prosecuting attorney;
(iii) An attorney who practices criminal defense or serves as a guardian ad litem;
(iv) A representative of the treatment providers;
(v) The probation officer or other person who supervises participants;
(vi) The program coordinator; and
(vii) Other persons determined necessary and helpful by the participating judge.
(b) The program team shall, when practicable, conduct a staffing prior to each program session to discuss and provide updated information regarding participants scheduled to appear during the session. After determining the progress or lack thereof for each participant, the program team shall agree on the appropriate incentives or sanctions to be applied. If the program team cannot unanimously agree on the appropriate action to be taken, the participating judge shall make a decision based upon the information presented during the staffing.
(c) Each program shall have a program coordinator who shall be responsible for the general administration of the program.
7-13-1610. Confidentiality of treatment records.
Program staff shall be provided with access to all records of any state or local government relevant to the participant's treatment. The records and reports shall be maintained in a confidential file not available to the public and the contents thereof shall not be disclosed to any person outside the program without a court order. Program staff shall comply with the confidentiality rules contained in 42 U.S.C. 290dd-2, 42 C.F.R. part 2 and W.S. 35-2-606, as applicable.
7-13-1611. Treatment and support services.
(a) Each program shall strive to establish a system to ensure that participants are provided treatment services that have been certified by the department. Each program team shall strive to determine the type and duration of treatment service appropriate for the participant's individualized needs, based upon objective medical diagnostic criteria.
(b) The program team shall strive to establish an adequate continuum of care for each participant, including adequate support services and aftercare.
(c) The program team shall strive to provide appropriate treatment to participants who have a dual diagnosis.
(d) The relationship between each treatment provider and the program shall be governed by a memorandum of understanding, which shall include a requirement for the timely reporting of the participant's progress or lack thereof in treatment.
7-13-1612. Substance abuse testing.
(a) The program team shall require accurate and reliable substance use testing of participants.
(b) Participants shall be required to submit to frequent, random and observed substance use testing.
(c) The results of all substance use tests shall be provided to the program team as soon as practicable.
7-13-1613. Participant information and progress statistics.
(a) Participants may be required to provide access to the following information, the collection and maintenance of which by the program team shall be in a standardized format pursuant to department rules and regulations:
(i) Gender, race, ethnicity, marital status and child custody and support obligations;
(ii) Criminal history;
(iii) Substance abuse history, including substances of choice and prior treatment;
(iv) Employment, education and income history;
(v) Number and health of children born to female participants;
(vi) Incidents of recidivism occurring before, during and after successful completion of a program, or failed participation in a program.
(b) Programs shall maintain and report to the department the following information pursuant to department rules and regulations, none of which shall identify the participants:
(i) The number of participants screened for eligibility, the number of eligible persons who were, and who were not, admitted to the program and their case dispositions;
(ii) The costs of operation and sources of funding of the program.
7-13-1614. Municipal courts.
A municipal judge may place a criminal defendant on probation pursuant to W.S. 7-13-301 through 7-13-307 and require the defendant as a probationary condition to participate in a program under this act. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the probation period for a defendant whose disposition includes participation in a program or a court supervised treatment program may exceed the maximum term of imprisonment established for the offense, but shall not exceed thirty-six (36) months.
7-13-1615. Program participation as a condition of parole.
(a) The state board of parole may, as a condition of parole, require a parolee to participate in a program established under this act, provided:
(i) The program team accepts the parolee for participation in the program; and
(ii) The parolee is subject to the rules and sanctioning powers of the program but remains under the authority of the board for all other matters related to the parole.
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