2019 Wisconsin Statutes & Annotations
Chapter 707. Time-share ownership.
707.06 Unconscionable contract.
707.06 Unconscionable contract.
(1) Unconscionability; remedy. If a court as a matter of law finds that any aspect of a contract relating to the use or ownership of a time share, any conduct directed against the purchaser by a party to the contract, or any result of the contract is unconscionable, the court shall, in addition to the remedy authorized in sub. (4), either refuse to enforce the contract against the purchaser, or so limit the application of any unconscionable aspect or conduct as to avoid any unconscionable result.
(2) Factors. Without limiting the scope of sub. (1), the court may consider, among other things, any of the following as pertinent to the issue of unconscionability:
(a) That those engaging in the practice know of the inability of a party to receive benefits properly anticipated from the time share and related goods or services.
(b) That there exists a gross disparity, at the time of contracting, between the price of the time share and related goods or services and their value as measured by the price at which similar time shares or related goods or services were readily obtainable or by other tests of true value, except that a disparity between the contract price and the value of the time share measured by the price at which similar time shares were readily obtainable in similar transactions does not, of itself, render the contract unconscionable.
(c) That the practice may enable one party to take advantage of the inability of the other party reasonably to protect his or her interests by reason of physical or mental infirmities, illiteracy or inability to understand the language of the agreement, ignorance or lack of education or similar factors.
(d) That the terms of the contract require a party to waive legal rights.
(e) That the terms of the contract require a party to unreasonably jeopardize money or property beyond the money or property immediately at issue in the transaction.
(f) That the natural effect of the practice would reasonably cause or aid in causing a party to misunderstand the true nature of the contract or his or her rights and duties under the contract.
(g) That the writing purporting to evidence the obligation of the party under the contract contains terms or provisions or authorizes practices prohibited by law.
(h) Definitions of unconscionability in statutes, rules, regulations, rulings and decisions of legislative, administrative or judicial bodies.
(3) Course of conduct. Any charge or practice expressly permitted by this chapter is not in itself unconscionable, but even though a practice or charge is authorized by this chapter, the totality of a party's conduct may show that such practice or charge is part of an unconscionable course of conduct.
(4) Other remedies. In addition to the protections afforded in sub. (1), a party shall be entitled upon a finding of unconscionability to recover from the person responsible for the unconscionable conduct a remedy in accordance with s. 707.57 (1).
History: 1987 a. 399.