2017 Wisconsin Statutes & Annotations
Chapter 304. Paroles and pardons.
304.13 Uniform act for out-of-state parolee supervision; state compacts.

Universal Citation: WI Stat § 304.13 (2017)

304.13 Uniform act for out-of-state parolee supervision; state compacts.

(1m) The governor of this state is authorized and directed to enter into a compact on behalf of this state with any state of the United States legally joining therein in the form substantially as follows:

A COMPACT.

Entered into by and among the contracting states, signatories hereto, with the consent of the congress of the United States of America, granted by an act entitled “An act granting the consent of congress to any two or more states to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and for other purposes".

The contracting states solemnly agree:

(a) That it shall be competent for the duly constituted judicial and administrative authorities of a sending state to permit any person convicted of an offense within the sending state and placed on probation or released on extended supervision or parole to reside in any receiving state while on probation, extended supervision or parole, if:

1. Such person is in fact a resident of or has family residing within the receiving state and can obtain employment there; or

2. Though not a resident of the receiving state and not having family residing there, the receiving state consents to such person being sent there.

3. Before granting such permission, opportunity shall be granted to the receiving state to investigate the home and prospective employment of such person.

4. A resident of the receiving state, within the meaning of this subsection, is one who has been an actual inhabitant of such state continuously for more than one year prior to coming to the sending state and has not resided within the sending state more than 6 continuous months immediately preceding the commission of the offense for which that person has been convicted.

(b) That each receiving state will assume the duties of visitation of and supervision over probationers, persons on extended supervision or parolees of any sending state and in the exercise of those duties will be governed by the same standards that prevail for its own probationers, persons on extended supervision and parolees.

(c) That the duly accredited officers of a sending state may at all times enter a receiving state and there apprehend and retake any person on probation, extended supervision or parole. For that purpose no formalities will be required other than establishing the authority of the officer and the identity of the person to be retaken. All legal requirements to obtain extradition of fugitives from justice are expressly waived on the part of states party hereto, as to such persons. The decision of the sending state to retake a person on probation, extended supervision or parole shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state; provided, however, that if at the time when a state seeks to retake a probationer, person on extended supervision or parolee there should be pending against that person within the receiving state any criminal charge, or that person should be suspected of having committed within such state a criminal offense, that person shall not be retaken without the consent of the receiving state until discharged from prosecution or from imprisonment for such offense.

(d) That the duly accredited officers of the sending state will be permitted to transport prisoners being retaken through any and all such states parties to this compact, without interference.

(e) That the governor of each state may designate an officer who, acting jointly with like officers of other contracting states, if and when appointed, shall promulgate such rules and regulations as may be deemed necessary to more effectively carry out the terms of this compact.

(f) That this compact shall become operative immediately upon its ratification by any state as between it and any other state or states so ratifying. When ratified it shall have the full force and effect of law within such state, the form of ratification to be in accordance with the laws of the ratifying state.

(g) That this compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon such ratifying state until renounced by it. The duties and obligations hereunder of a renouncing state shall continue as to parolees, persons on extended supervision or probationers residing therein at the time of withdrawal or until finally discharged by the sending state. Renunciation of this compact shall be by the same authority which ratified it, by sending 6 months' notice in writing of its intention to withdraw the compact to the other states party thereto.

(h) In this subsection:

1. “Receiving state" means a party to this compact other than a sending state.

2. “Sending state" means a party to this compact permitting its probationers, persons on extended supervision and parolees to reside in a receiving state.

(i) This subsection may be cited as the “Uniform Act for Out-of-State Parolee Supervision".

(2m)Subsection (1m) does not apply to this state's supervision of a person who is on probation, parole, or extended supervision from another state or another state's supervision of a person who is on probation, parole, or extended supervision from this state if all of the following have occurred:

(a) The compact authorized by s. 304.16 is in effect.

(b) Both this state and the other state are parties to the compact under s. 304.16.

(c) The other state has renounced the compact entered into with this state under sub. (1m).

History: 1979 c. 89; 1983 a. 189; 1989 a. 31 s. 1713; Stats. 1989 s. 304.13; 1991 a. 316; 1997 a. 283; 2001 a. 96.

Cross-reference: See Appendix for a list of states which have ratified this compact.

The statutory distinction between parolees out-of-state under s. 57.13 [now s. 304.13] and absconding parolees, which denies extradition to the former but not the latter, is a constitutionally valid classification under the equal protection clause. State ex rel. Niederer v. Cady, 72 Wis. 2d 311, 240 N.W.2d 626 (1976).

Although the sending state could retake a compact parolee under s. 57.13 [now s. 304.13] without process, if it chooses to extradite the parolee it must meet extradition requirements. State ex rel. Reddin v. Meekma, 99 Wis. 2d 56, 298 N.W.2d 192 (Ct. App. 1980).

Affirmed. 102 Wis. 2d 358, 306 N.W.2d 664 (1981).

Preapproval of an interstate probation transfer is contemplated by this provision, but when the probationer had consented to the transfer of probation supervision to Wisconsin, compliance with the statute was not required. State v. Martinez, 198 Wis. 2d 222, 542 N.W.2d 215 (Ct. App. 1995), 94-3006.

A probationer, like a parolee, is entitled to a preliminary and a final revocation hearing. Gagnon v. Scarpelli, 411 U.S. 778.

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