2017 Wisconsin Statutes & Annotations
Chapter 302. Prisons; state, county and municipal.
302.114 Petition for release and release to extended supervision for felony offenders serving life sentences.

Universal Citation: WI Stat § 302.114 (2017)

302.114 Petition for release and release to extended supervision for felony offenders serving life sentences.

(1) An inmate is subject to this section if he or she is serving a life sentence imposed under s. 973.014 (1g) (a) 1. or 2. An inmate serving a life sentence under s. 939.62 (2m) or 973.014 (1g) (a) 3. is not eligible for release to extended supervision under this section.

(2) Except as provided in subs. (3) and (9), an inmate subject to this section may petition the sentencing court for release to extended supervision after he or she has served 20 years, if the inmate was sentenced under s. 973.014 (1g) (a) 1., or after he or she has reached the extended supervision eligibility date set by the court, if the inmate was sentenced under s. 973.014 (1g) (a) 2.

(3)

(a) The warden or superintendent shall keep a record of the conduct of each inmate subject to this section, specifying each infraction of the rules. If any inmate subject to this section violates any regulation of the prison or refuses or neglects to perform required or assigned duties, the department may extend the extended supervision eligibility date set under s. 973.014 (1g) (a) 1. or 2., whichever is applicable, as follows:

1. Ten days for the first offense.

2. Twenty days for the 2nd offense.

3. Forty days for the 3rd or each subsequent offense.

(b) In addition to the sanctions under par. (a), if an inmate subject to this section is placed in adjustment, program or controlled segregation status, the department may extend the extended supervision eligibility date set under s. 973.014 (1g) (a) 1. or 2., whichever is applicable, by a number of days equal to 50 percent of the number of days spent in segregation status. In administering this paragraph, the department shall use the definition of adjustment, program or controlled segregation status under departmental rules in effect at the time an inmate is placed in that status.

(c) An inmate subject to this section who files an action or special proceeding, including a petition for a common law writ of certiorari, to which s. 807.15 applies shall have his or her extended supervision eligibility date set under s. 973.014 (1g) (a) 1. or 2., whichever is applicable, extended by the number of days specified in the court order prepared under s. 807.15 (3). Upon receiving a court order issued under s. 807.15, the department shall recalculate the date on which the inmate to whom the order applies will be entitled to petition for release to extended supervision and shall inform the inmate of that date.

(4) All consecutive sentences imposed for crimes committed on or after December 31, 1999, shall be computed as one continuous sentence. An inmate subject to this section shall serve any term of extended supervision after serving all terms of confinement in prison.

(5)

(a) An inmate subject to this section who is seeking release to extended supervision shall file a petition for release to extended supervision with the court that sentenced him or her. An inmate may not file an initial petition under this paragraph earlier than 90 days before his or her extended supervision eligibility date. If an inmate files an initial petition for release to extended supervision at any time earlier than 90 days before his or her extended supervision eligibility date, the court shall deny the petition without a hearing.

(am) The inmate shall serve a copy of a petition for release to extended supervision on the district attorney's office that prosecuted him or her, and the district attorney shall file a written response to the petition within 45 days after the date he or she receives the petition.

(b) After reviewing a petition for release to extended supervision and the district attorney's response to the petition, the court shall decide whether to hold a hearing on the petition or, if it does not hold a hearing, whether to grant or deny the petition without a hearing. If the court decides to hold a hearing under this paragraph, the hearing shall be before the court without a jury. The office of the district attorney that prosecuted the inmate shall represent the state at the hearing.

(c) Before deciding whether to grant or deny the inmate's petition, the court shall allow a victim, as defined in s. 950.02 (4), to make a statement or submit a statement concerning the release of the inmate to extended supervision. The court may allow any other person to make or submit a statement under this paragraph. Any statement under this paragraph must be relevant to the release of the inmate to extended supervision.

(cm) A court may not grant an inmate's petition for release to extended supervision unless the inmate proves, by clear and convincing evidence, that he or she is not a danger to the public.

(d) If the court grants the inmate's petition for release to extended supervision, the court may impose conditions on the term of extended supervision.

(e) If the court denies the inmate's petition for release to extended supervision, the court shall specify the date on which the inmate may file a subsequent petition under this section. An inmate may file a subsequent petition at any time on or after the date specified by the court, but if the inmate files a subsequent petition for release to extended supervision before the date specified by the court, the court may deny the petition without a hearing.

(f) An inmate may appeal an order denying his or her petition for release to extended supervision. In an appeal under this paragraph, the appellate court may reverse an order denying a petition for release to extended supervision only if it determines that the sentencing court erroneously exercised its discretion in denying the petition for release to extended supervision.

(6)

(a) In this subsection, “victim" has the meaning given in s. 950.02 (4).

(b) If an inmate petitions a court under sub. (5) or (9) (bm) for release to extended supervision under this section, the clerk of the circuit court in which the petition is filed shall send a copy of the petition and, if a hearing is scheduled, a notice of hearing to the victim of the crime committed by the inmate, if the victim has submitted a card under par. (e) requesting notification.

(c) The notice under par. (b) shall inform the victim that he or she may appear at the hearing under sub. (5) or (9) (bm), if a hearing is scheduled, and shall inform the victim of the manner in which he or she may provide written statements concerning the inmate's petition for release to extended supervision.

(d) The clerk of the circuit court shall make a reasonable attempt to send a copy of the inmate's petition to the last-known address of the victim within 7 days of the date on which the petition is filed and shall make a reasonable attempt to send the notice of hearing, if a hearing is scheduled, to the last-known address of the persons victim, postmarked at least 10 days before the date of the hearing.

(e) The director of state courts shall design and prepare cards for a victim to send to the clerk of the circuit court in which the inmate is convicted and sentenced. The cards shall have space for a victim to provide his or her name and address, the name of the applicable inmate and any other information the director of state courts determines is necessary. The director of state courts shall provide the cards, without charge, to clerks of circuit court. Clerks of circuit court shall provide the cards, without charge, to victims. Victims may send completed cards to the clerk of the circuit court in which the inmate was convicted and sentenced. All court records or portions of records that relate to mailing addresses of victims are not subject to inspection or copying under s. 19.35 (1).

(7) Before a person is released to extended supervision under this section, the department shall notify the municipal police department and the county sheriff for the area where the person will be residing. The notification requirement does not apply if a municipal department or county sheriff submits to the department a written statement waiving the right to be notified. If applicable, the department shall also comply with s. 304.063.

(8) Any inmate released to extended supervision under this section is subject to all conditions and rules of extended supervision. The department may set conditions of extended supervision in addition to any conditions of extended supervision required under s. 302.116, if applicable, or set by the court under sub. (5) (d) if the conditions set by the department do not conflict with the court's conditions.

(8g) A person released under this section, his or her residence, and any property under his or her control may be searched by a law enforcement officer at any time during his or her period of supervision if the officer reasonably suspects that the person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime or a violation of a condition of release to extended supervision. Any search conducted pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted in a reasonable manner and may not be arbitrary, capricious, or harassing. A law enforcement officer who conducts a search pursuant to this subsection shall, as soon as practicable after the search, notify the department.

(8m)

(a) Every person released to extended supervision under this section remains in the legal custody of the department. If the department alleges that any condition or rule of extended supervision has been violated by the person, the department may take physical custody of the person for the investigation of the alleged violation.

(b) If a person released to extended supervision under this section signs a statement admitting a violation of a condition or rule of extended supervision, the department may, as a sanction for the violation, confine the person for up to 90 days in a regional detention facility or, with the approval of the sheriff, in a county jail. If the department confines the person in a county jail under this paragraph, the department shall reimburse the county for its actual costs in confining the person from the appropriations under s. 20.410 (1) (ab) and (b). Notwithstanding s. 302.43, the person is not eligible to earn good time credit on any period of confinement imposed under this subsection.

(9)

(ag) In this subsection “reviewing authority" has the meaning given in s. 302.113 (9) (ag).

(am) If a person released to extended supervision under this section violates a condition of extended supervision, the reviewing authority may revoke the extended supervision of the person. If the extended supervision of the person is revoked, the person shall be returned to the circuit court for the county in which the person was convicted of the offense for which he or she was on extended supervision, and the court shall order the person to be returned to prison for a specified period of time before he or she is eligible for being released again to extended supervision. The period of time specified under this paragraph may not be less than 5 years and may be extended in accordance with sub. (3).

(b) When a person is returned to court under par. (am) after revocation of extended supervision, the reviewing authority shall make a recommendation to the court concerning the period of time for which the person should be returned to prison before being eligible for release to extended supervision. The period of time recommended under this paragraph may not be less than 5 years.

(bm) A person who is returned to prison under par. (am) after revocation of extended supervision may, upon petition to the sentencing court, be released to extended supervision after he or she has served the entire period of time specified by the court under par. (am), including any periods of extension imposed under sub. (3). A person may not file a petition under this paragraph earlier than 90 days before the date on which he or she is eligible to be released to extended supervision. If a person files a petition for release to extended supervision under this paragraph at any time earlier than 90 days before the date on which he or she is eligible to be released to extended supervision, the court shall deny the petition without a hearing. The procedures specified in sub. (5) (am) to (f) apply to a petition filed under this paragraph.

(c) A person who is subsequently released to extended supervision under par. (bm) is subject to all conditions and rules under sub. (8) until the expiration of the sentence.

(d) If a hearing is to be held under par. (am) before the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration, the hearing examiner may order that a deposition be taken by audiovisual means and allow the use of a recorded deposition under s. 967.04 (7) to (10).

(e) A reviewing authority may consolidate proceedings before it under par. (am) with other proceedings before that reviewing authority under par. (am) or s. 302.11 (7) (am) or 302.113 (9) (am) if all of the proceedings relate to the parole or extended supervision of the same person.

(f) In any case in which there is a hearing before the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration concerning whether to revoke a person's extended supervision, the person on extended supervision may seek review of a decision to revoke extended supervision and the department of corrections may seek review of a decision to not revoke extended supervision. Review of a decision under this paragraph may be sought only by an action for certiorari.

(10) The department may promulgate rules establishing guidelines and criteria for the exercise of discretion under this section.

History: 1997 a. 283; 2001 a. 16, 109; 2005 a. 42; 2009 a. 28; 2011 a. 38; 2013 a. 79.

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