2011 Wisconsin Code
Chapter 345. Vehicles--civil and criminal liability.
345.47 Judgment of forfeitures, costs, fees, and surcharges.

345.47

345.47 Judgment of forfeitures, costs, fees, and surcharges.

345.47(1)

(1) If the defendant is found guilty, the court may enter judgment against the defendant for a monetary amount not to exceed the maximum forfeiture provided for the violation, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, and, in addition, may suspend or revoke his or her operating privilege under s. 343.30. Upon entering judgment, the court shall notify the defendant personally, if the defendant is present, and in writing that the defendant should notify the court if he or she is unable to pay the judgment because of poverty, as that term is used in s. 814.29 (1) (d). If the defendant is present and the court, using the criteria in s. 814.29 (1) (d), determines that the defendant is unable to pay the judgment because of poverty, the court shall provide the defendant with an opportunity to pay the judgment in installments, taking into account the defendant's income. If the judgment is not paid or if the defendant fails to make any ordered installment payment, the court shall order:

345.47(1)(a)

(a) That, subject to s. 800.095 (1) (b), the defendant be imprisoned for a time specified by the court until the judgment is paid, but not to exceed 90 days; or

345.47(1)(b)

(b) In lieu of imprisonment and in addition to any other suspension or revocation, that the defendant's operating privilege be suspended. The operating privilege shall be suspended for 30 days or until the person pays the forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, but not to exceed 2 years. If the defendant has notified the court that he or she is unable to pay the judgment because of poverty, and if the court, using the criteria in s. 814.29 (1) (d), determines that the defendant is unable to pay the judgment because of poverty, the court may not suspend the defendant's operating privilege without first providing the defendant with an opportunity to pay the judgment in installments, taking into account the defendant's income. Suspension under this paragraph shall not affect the power of the court to suspend or revoke under s. 343.30 or the power of the secretary to suspend or revoke the operating privilege. This paragraph does not apply if the judgment was entered solely for violation of an ordinance unrelated to the violator's operation of a motor vehicle.

345.47(1)(c)

(c) If a court suspends an operating privilege under this section, the court may take possession of the suspended license. If the court takes possession of a license, it shall destroy the license. The court shall forward to the department the notice of suspension, which shall clearly state that the suspension was for failure to pay a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814 or for failure to comply with an installment payment plan ordered by the court. The notice of suspension shall be forwarded to the department within 48 hours after the order of suspension. If the forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, are paid during a period of suspension, or if the court orders an installment payment plan under sub. (4), the court shall immediately notify the department.[, (jr), if applicable,]

345.47 - ANNOT.

NOTE: Par. (c) is shown as affected by 3 acts of the 2009 Wisconsin legislature and as merged by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (2) (i). The language in brackets was inserted by 2009 Wis. Act 100 but rendered without effect by 2009 Wis. Act 103. Corrective legislation is pending.

345.47(1)(d)

(d) In addition to or in lieu of imprisonment or suspension under par. (a) or (b), the court may notify the department, in the form and manner prescribed by the department, that a judgment has been entered against the defendant and remains unpaid, or that the defendant has failed to comply with an installment payment plan ordered under this section. The notice shall include the name and last-known address of the person against whom the judgment was entered, the date judgment was entered, the amount of the judgment, the license number of the vehicle involved, certification by the court that a warrant has been served on the person against whom the judgment was entered or, in the case of a judgment entered under s. 345.28, that the person has been notified of the entry of judgment and the judgment or installments remain unpaid and the place where the judgment or installments may be paid. If the person subsequently pays the judgment or complies with the installment payment plan the court shall immediately notify the department of the payment in the form and manner prescribed by the department.

345.47(1m)

(1m) If the action is in municipal court, the court shall determine, at the time of entering judgment under sub. (1), whether incarceration may be ordered for noncompliance with a judgment or order under this section. If incarceration may be ordered because of the defendant's subsequent noncompliance with the judgment, the provisions of s. 800.095 (1) (b) apply.

345.47(2)

(2) Except in those cases in which the court orders payment by installments, the payment of any judgment may be suspended or deferred for not more than 60 days in the discretion of the court. In cases where a deposit has been made, any forfeitures, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, shall be taken out of the deposit and the balance, if any, returned to the defendant.

345.47(3)

(3) When a defendant is imprisoned for nonpayment of a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, for an action brought by a municipality located in more than one county, any commitment to a county institution shall be to the county in which the action was tried.

345.47(4)

(4)

345.47(4)(a)

(a) If the operating privilege of a defendant is suspended under this section, the court may terminate that suspension and substitute an installment payment plan for paying the amount of the judgment that takes into account the defendant's income.

345.47(4)(b)

(b) If the operating privilege of a defendant is suspended under this section, the court shall terminate that suspension and substitute an installment payment plan for the payment of the amount of the judgment that takes into account the defendant's income if all of the following conditions apply:

345.47(4)(b)1.

1. The defendant is unable to pay the judgment in full because of poverty, as that term is used in s. 814.29 (1) (d).

345.47(4)(b)2.

2. The defendant has not previously failed to comply with an installment payment plan ordered under this section that takes into account the defendant's income.

345.47(4)(c)

(c) If the defendant fails to comply with an installment payment plan ordered under this subsection, the court shall reinstate the suspension of the defendant's operating privilege.

345.47 - ANNOT.

History: 1971 c. 278; 1973 c. 218; 1977 c. 29 ss. 1477 to 1482, 1654 (7) (c); 1979 c. 34; 1981 c. 165; 1987 a. 27, 389; 1989 a. 31, 107; 1991 a. 34, 39, 189; 1993 a. 16; 1995 a. 269; 1997 a. 27, 84, 135, 237, 252; 1999 a. 9, 32, 185; 2001 a. 16; 2003 a. 139; 2007 a. 20; 2009 a. 17, 100, 103, 402; s. 13.92 (2) (i).

345.47 - ANNOT.

Imprisonment or suspension of a license under s. 345.47 (1) (a) and (b) does not eliminate the liability of defendant for payment of the surcharge under s. 346.655. 73 Atty. Gen. 24.

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