2010 Wisconsin Code
Chapter 97. Food regulation.
97.20 Dairy plants.

97.20

97.20 Dairy plants.

97.20(1)

(1) Definitions. In this section:

97.20(1)(a)

(a) "Dairy plant" means any place where a dairy product is manufactured or processed for sale or distribution, and includes a receiving station or transfer station.

97.20(1)(b)

(b) "Dairy product" means milk or any product or by-product of milk, or any commodity in which milk or any milk product or by-product is a principal ingredient.

97.20(1)(c)

(c) "Fluid milk product" has the meaning given under s. 97.24 (1) (ar).

97.20(1)(d)

(d) "Grade A dairy plant" means a dairy plant required to hold a permit under sub. (3).

97.20(1)(e)

(e) "Grade A milk" has the meaning given under s. 97.24 (1) (b).

97.20(1)(f)

(f) "Grade A milk product" has the meaning given under s. 97.24 (1) (c).

97.20(1)(g)

(g) "Milk" has the meaning given under s. 97.22 (1) (e).

97.20(1)(gm)

(gm) "Milk producer" has the meaning given in s. 97.22 (1) (f).

97.20(1)(h)

(h) "Processing plant" means a dairy plant engaged in pasteurizing, processing or manufacturing milk or dairy products.

97.20(1)(i)

(i) "Receiving station" means a facility which is designed for the receipt and bulk storage of milk, and which is used to receive or store milk in bulk. "Receiving station" does not include a processing plant or a facility used to distribute pasteurized milk in bottled or packaged form to consumers.

97.20(1)(j)

(j) "Transfer station" means a facility which is designed and used solely to transfer milk from one bulk transport vehicle to another without intervening storage.

97.20(2)

(2) Dairy plant license.

97.20(2)(a)

(a) License requirement. Except as provided in par. (e), no person, including this state, may operate a dairy plant without a valid license issued by the department for that dairy plant. A dairy plant license expires on April 30 annually and is not transferable between persons or locations.

97.20(2)(b)

(b) License application. An application for a dairy plant license shall be made on a form provided by the department and shall be accompanied by each applicable fee required under subs. (2c) and (2n) to (2w). The application shall include all information reasonably required by the department for purposes of licensing. The application shall state whether the dairy plant is a processing plant, receiving station or transfer station, and shall describe the nature of any processing operations conducted at the dairy plant.

97.20(2)(d)

(d) Issuance or renewal of license. The department may not issue or renew a dairy plant license unless all of the following conditions are met prior to licensing:

97.20(2)(d)1.

1. The license applicant pays all fees that are due and payable by the applicant under subs. (2c) to (2w), as set forth in a statement from the department. The department shall refund a fee paid under protest if the department determines that the fee was not due and payable as a condition of licensing under this subsection.

97.20(2)(d)2.

2. The license applicant has filed all financial information required under s. 126.44 and any security required under s. 126.47. If an applicant has not filed all financial information under s. 126.44 and any security required under s. 126.47, the department may issue a conditional dairy plant license under s. 93.06 (8) which prohibits the licensed operator from purchasing milk or fluid milk products from milk producers or their agents, but allows the operator to purchase milk or fluid milk products from other sources.

97.20(2)(d)3.

3. If the dairy plant is a new dairy plant, the department has inspected the dairy plant for compliance with this chapter and rules promulgated under this chapter.

97.20(2)(e)

(e) License exemptions. A dairy plant license under this section is not required for:

97.20(2)(e)1.

1. A farm manufacturing or processing dairy products solely for consumption by the owner or operator of the farm, or members of the household or nonpaying guests or employees.

97.20(2)(e)2.

2. The retail preparation and processing of meals for sale directly to consumers or through vending machines, if the preparation and processing is covered under a restaurant permit or other permit issued under s. 254.64.

97.20(2)(e)3.

3. A retail food establishment licensed under s. 97.30 if the establishment processes dairy products solely for retail sale at the establishment.

97.20(2)(e)4.

4. A dairy plant that is exempted from licensing by department rule.

97.20(2)(f)

(f) Added operations. No dairy plant may add a new category of dairy plant operations during the time period for which a dairy plant license was issued unless the dairy plant first notifies the department and obtains written authorization for the new category of operations. In this paragraph, "new category of operations" includes the manufacture or processing of any of the following which was not identified on the dairy plant's most recent license application:

97.20(2)(f)1.

1. Fluid milk products.

97.20(2)(f)2.

2. Cheese and related cheese products.

97.20(2)(f)3.

3. Frozen dessert dairy products.

97.20(2c)

(2c) Dairy plant license fee.

97.20(2c)(a)

(a) Annual license fee. An applicant for a dairy plant license shall pay an annual license fee specified under par. (b) as follows:

97.20(2c)(a)1.

1. An applicant for a license to operate a dairy plant that operated during the previous calendar year shall pay the basic annual license fee plus the supplementary dairy plant license fee based on the amount of milk that was delivered to the dairy plant from milk producers in the previous calendar year, whether or not that particular applicant operated the dairy plant during the previous calendar year.

97.20(2c)(a)2.

2. An applicant for a license to operate a dairy plant that has not been operated in the previous calendar year shall pay the basic annual license fee plus the supplementary dairy plant license fee that is established by department rule.

97.20(2c)(b)

(b) License fee amounts. Unless otherwise established by department rule, the annual license fees required under par. (a) are a basic annual license fee of $80 for each dairy plant plus:

97.20(2c)(b)1.

1. For a grade A processing plant, a supplementary annual license fee of $650 if the plant received more than 2,000,000 pounds of milk from milk producers or of $500 if the plant received 2,000,000 pounds or less of milk from milk producers.

97.20(2c)(b)2.

2. For a processing plant that is not a grade A processing plant and that annually manufactures or processes more than 1,000,000 pounds of dairy products or more than 200,000 gallons of frozen dairy products, a supplementary annual license fee of $270.

97.20(2c)(b)3.

3. For a grade A receiving station, a supplementary annual license fee of $250.

97.20(2c)(c)

(c) Surcharge for operating without license. An applicant for a dairy plant license shall pay a license fee surcharge if the department determines that within one year before submitting the license application, the applicant operated the dairy plant without a license in violation of sub. (2). The amount of the surcharge is $100, or $500 if the dairy plant operator procures milk or fluid milk products from milk producers or their agents. Payment of this license fee surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other civil or criminal liability that results from the unlicensed operation of the dairy plant, but does not constitute evidence of any violation of law.

97.20(2g)

(2g) Milk procurement fee.

97.20(2g)(a)

(a) Monthly procurement fee. A dairy plant operator shall pay a milk procurement fee on or before the 18th day of each month in the amount specified under par. (b) as follows:

97.20(2g)(a)1.

1. The operator of a dairy plant that operated during the month preceding the month when the payment is due shall pay a milk procurement fee based on the amount of milk that was delivered to the dairy plant from milk producers in the month preceding the month when the payment is due, whether or not that particular dairy plant operator operated the dairy plant during the month preceding the month when the payment is due.

97.20(2g)(a)2.

2. The operator of a dairy plant that has not been operated in the month preceding the month when the payment is due shall pay a milk procurement fee in the month when the payment is due that is established by department rule.

97.20(2g)(b)

(b) Milk procurement fee amounts. Unless otherwise established by department rule, milk procurement fees required under par. (a) are:

97.20(2g)(b)1.

1. For each 100 pounds of grade A milk received from milk producers, 0.4 cent.

97.20(2g)(b)2.

2. For each 100 pounds of all milk received from milk producers that is not grade A milk, 0.2 cent.

97.20(2g)(c)

(c) Out-of-state milk shipments. A milk producer who ships milk to an out-of-state dairy plant shall pay a milk procurement fee, specified under par. (b), on that milk, unless the out-of-state dairy plant voluntarily pays that fee for the milk producer.

97.20(2n)

(2n) Dairy plant reinspection fee.

97.20(2n)(a)

(a) Reinspection fees. If the department reinspects a dairy plant because the department has found a violation of this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter, the department shall charge the dairy plant operator the reinspection fee specified under par. (b). A reinspection fee is payable when the reinspection is completed, and is due upon written demand from the department. The department may issue a demand for payment when it issues a license renewal application form to the dairy plant operator.

97.20(2n)(b)

(b) Reinspection fee amounts. Unless otherwise established by department rule, the fees for reinspection required under par. (a) are a basic fee of $40 for each dairy plant reinspection, plus:

97.20(2n)(b)1.

1. For a grade A processing plant, a supplementary reinspection fee of $160 if the plant received more than 2,000,000 pounds of milk from milk producers or of $125 if the plant received 2,000,000 pounds or less of milk from milk producers.

97.20(2n)(b)2.

2. For a processing plant that is not a grade A processing plant, a supplementary reinspection fee of $140.

97.20(2n)(b)3.

3. For a grade A receiving station, a supplementary reinspection fee of $60.

97.20(2r)

(2r) Milk producer fees. A dairy plant operator shall pay milk producer license and reinspection fees on behalf of milk producers, subject to s. 97.22 (2) (c) and (4) (b). A milk producer reinspection fee is payable by a dairy plant operator when a dairy farm reinspection is completed, and is due upon written demand from the department. The department may issue a demand for payment when it issues a license renewal application to the dairy plant operator.

97.20(2w)

(2w) Dairy product grading fee. An applicant for a license for a dairy plant that has been operated in the previous calendar year, that is not a grade A dairy plant and that produces butter or cheese shall pay a grading fee that, unless otherwise established by department rule, is 1.09 cents for each 100 pounds of butter or cheese that is gradable and produced by the dairy plant during the previous calendar year. An applicant for a license for a dairy plant that has not been operated in the previous calendar year, that is not a grade A dairy plant and that produces butter or cheese shall pay a grading fee that is established by the department by rule.

97.20(3)

(3) Grade A dairy plant; permit.

97.20(3)(a)

(a) Permit requirement. No person operating a dairy plant at which milk or fluid milk products are received, transferred, manufactured or processed may sell or distribute that milk or those fluid milk products as grade A milk or grade A milk products unless the person holds a valid grade A dairy plant permit issued by the department for that dairy plant. A grade A dairy plant permit expires on April 30 annually and is not transferable between persons or locations. A grade A dairy plant permit may be issued in the form of an endorsement on a dairy plant license under sub. (2). An application for a grade A dairy plant permit shall be made on a form provided by the department and shall be accompanied by each grade A dairy plant supplementary license fee required under sub. (2c).

97.20(3)(b)

(b) Grade A standards. A grade A dairy plant shall comply with standards applicable to the receipt, transfer, manufacture, processing and distribution of grade A milk and grade A milk products under this chapter or rules of the department. A grade A dairy plant may not receive, transfer or process milk that is not grade A milk unless the department provides written authorization. Except as provided by the department by rule, the department may not grant that authorization unless the grade A dairy plant maintains separate facilities for the receipt, transfer and processing of milk that is not grade A milk.

97.20(3)(d)

(d) Surcharge for operating without a permit. An applicant for a grade A dairy plant permit shall pay a grade A dairy plant permit surcharge of $100 if the department determines that, within one year prior to submitting the permit application, the applicant operated the dairy plant as a grade A dairy plant without a grade A permit, in violation of par. (a). Payment of this surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other civil or criminal liability which results from a violation of par. (a), but does not constitute evidence of a violation of any law.

97.20(3)(e)

(e) Permit contingent on payment of fees. The department may not issue or renew a grade A dairy plant permit until the permit applicant pays all applicable fees under this subsection or subs. (2c) to (2w). The department shall refund a fee paid under protest if the department determines that the fee was not required as a condition of the issuance of a grade A dairy plant permit under this subsection.

97.20(3g)

(3g) Crisis hotline information. The department shall develop, and furnish to a dairy plant on request, a standard form containing information about the crisis hotline.

97.20(3m)

(3m) Confidentiality. Any information kept by the department under this section or s. 97.24 that identifies individual milk producers who deliver milk to a dairy plant licensed under this section and that is a composite list for that dairy plant is not subject to inspection under s. 19.35 unless inspection is required under s. 126.70 or unless the department determines that inspection is necessary to protect the public health, safety or welfare.

97.20(4)

(4) Rule making. The department may promulgate rules to establish amounts of fees required under subs. (2c) to (2w) or to govern the operation of dairy plants. The rules may include standards for the safety, wholesomeness and quality of dairy products; the construction, maintenance and sanitary operation of dairy plants; the design, installation, cleaning and maintenance of equipment and utensils; personnel sanitation; storage and handling of milk and fluid milk products; pasteurization and processing procedures; sampling and testing; and reports and record keeping. The rules may also set forth the duties of dairy plants to inspect dairy farms, collect and test producer milk samples and make reports to the department.

97.20 - ANNOT.

History: 1971 c. 125, 156, 211; 1975 c. 39, 199; 1977 c. 203 s. 106; 1979 c. 257; 1983 a. 189, 203; 1987 a. 27, 399; 1989 a. 31, 174; 1991 a. 39, 269; 1993 a. 27; 2001 a. 16.

97.20 - ANNOT.

Cross Reference: See also chs. ATCP 80 and 100, Wis. adm. code.

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