2010 Wisconsin Code
Chapter 969. Bail and other conditions of release.
969.13 Forfeiture.

969.13

969.13 Forfeiture.

969.13(1)

(1) If the conditions of the bond are not complied with, the court having jurisdiction over the defendant in the criminal action shall enter an order declaring the bail to be forfeited.

969.13(2)

(2) This order may be set aside upon such conditions as the court imposes if it appears that justice does not require the enforcement of the forfeiture.

969.13(3)

(3) By entering into a bond, the defendant and sureties submit to the jurisdiction of the court for the purposes of liability on the bond and irrevocably appoint the clerk as their agent upon whom any papers affecting their bond liability may be served. Their liability may be enforced without the necessity of an independent action.

969.13(4)

(4) Notice of the order of forfeiture under sub. (1) shall be mailed forthwith by the clerk to the defendant and the defendant's sureties at their last addresses. If the defendant does not appear and surrender to the court within 30 days from the date of the forfeiture and within such period the defendant or the defendant's sureties do not satisfy the court that appearance and surrender by the defendant at the time scheduled for the defendant's appearance was impossible and without the defendant's fault, the court shall upon motion of the district attorney enter judgment for the state against the defendant and any surety for the amount of the bail and costs of the court proceeding. Proceeds of the judgment shall be paid to the county treasurer. The motion and such notice of motion as the court prescribes may be served on the clerk who shall forthwith mail copies to the defendant and the defendant's sureties at their last addresses.

969.13(5)

(5)

969.13(5)(a)

(a) A cash deposit made with the clerk pursuant to this chapter shall be applied first to the payment of any recompense determined under par. (b) and then, if the recompense is paid in full, to the payment of costs. If any amount of such deposit remains after the payment of costs, it shall be applied to payment of the judgment of forfeiture. The person making the cash deposit shall be given written notice of the requirements of this paragraph.

969.13(5)(b)

(b) The court shall determine a recompense amount for any victim, or if the victim is deceased, for his or her estate, of the crime for which the bond was entered into unless the court finds substantial reason not to do so and states the reason on the record. The court shall determine the recompense amount in the same manner as the court would have determined the restitution amount under s. 973.20 (2), (3), (4), (4m), (5), and (7) had the person been convicted.

969.13 - ANNOT.

History: 1971 c. 298; 1993 a. 486; 2005 a. 447.

969.13 - ANNOT.

Forfeiture proceedings are a part of an underlying criminal case. State v. Givens, 88 Wis. 2d 457, 276 N.W.2d 790 (1979).

969.13 - ANNOT.

The trial court abused its discretion in refusing to modify an order under sub. (2) when partial remission of a bond was appropriate. State v. Ascencio, 92 Wis. 2d 822, 285 N.W.2d 910 (Ct. App. 1979).

969.13 - ANNOT.

Forfeiture proceedings are civil in nature; appeals are governed by s. 808.04. State v. Wickstrom, 134 Wis. 2d 158, 396 N.W.2d 188 (1986).

969.13 - ANNOT.

Sub. (1) mandates bail forfeiture for any bond condition violation. State v. Badzmierowski, 171 Wis. 2d 260, 490 N.W.2d 784 (Ct. App. 1992).

969.13 - ANNOT.

A circuit court has discretion to enter a judgment on an order forfeiting bail absent a motion by the district attorney when the defendant appears within 30 days of the forfeiture. State v. Achterberg, 201 Wis. 2d 291, 548 N.W.2d 515 (1996), 94-3360.

969.13 - ANNOT.

The trial court's decision under sub. (2) requires the exercise of discretion. Refusing all requests for the return of bail money is not an exercise of discretion. The standard "that justice requires" cannot be parlayed into an all-inclusive list, but is essentially an appeal to the conscience of the court. Melone v. State, 2001 WI App 13, 240 Wis. 2d 451, 623 N.W.2d 179, 00-0969.

969.13 - ANNOT.

Forfeited cash bond may not be used to pay restitution to a victim of the crime. 68 Atty. Gen. 71.

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