2010 Wisconsin Code
Chapter 812. Garnishment.
812.01 Commencement of garnishment.



Subch. I of Ch. 812 - ANNOT.

NOTE: 1993 Wis. Act 80, which affected subch. I and created subch. II, contains extensive judicial council notes.
812.01 Commencement of garnishment.


(1) Any creditor may proceed against any person who is indebted to or has any property in his or her possession or under his or her control belonging to such creditor's debtor or which is subject to satisfaction of an obligation described under s. 766.55 (2), as prescribed in this subchapter. "Plaintiff" as used in this subchapter includes a judgment creditor and "defendant", a judgment debtor or the spouse or former spouse of a judgment debtor if the judgment is rendered in connection with an obligation described under s. 766.55 (2).


(2) The procedures in this subchapter govern all garnishments except the garnishment of earnings. Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, the general rules of practice and procedure in chs. 750 to 758 and 801 to 847 apply to actions under this subchapter.


(2a) A garnishment action is a separate action.


(3) An individual may commence a garnishment action in the individual's own person and in the individual's own behalf, or by an attorney licensed to practice in the courts of this state, but not otherwise. Garnishment actions on behalf of any other party shall be commenced only by attorneys licensed to practice in the courts of this state.


(4) No garnishment action shall be brought to recover the price or value of alcohol beverages sold at retail.

812.01 - ANNOT.

History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 759 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 812.01; 1981 c. 79 s. 17; 1985 a. 37; 1993 a. 80, 486.

812.01 - ANNOT.

The doctrine of marshaling assets is discussed. Moser Paper Co. v. North Shore Pub. Co. 83 Wis. 2d 852, 266 N.W.2d 411 (1978).

812.01 - ANNOT.

To be subject to garnishment, a debt must be owing absolutely at the time of the service of process, even if payable later. When the question of indebtedness depends entirely upon future contingencies, there is no liability. Hometown Bank v. Acuity Insurance, 2008 WI App 48, 308 Wis. 2d 503, 748 N.W.2d 203, 07-1048.

812.01 - ANNOT.

Notwithstanding sub. (2), procedures in ch. 799 are used in small claims garnishment actions. Wisconsin Natural Gas Co. v. Kletsch, 95 Wis. 2d 691, 291 N.W.2d 640 (Ct. App. 1980).

812.01 - ANNOT.

The state is immune from suit in any garnishment action not involving a state employee or officer. 77 Atty. Gen. 17.

812.01 - ANNOT.

Garnishment of corporate bank accounts must comply with due process protections of Fuentes and Sniadach. North Georgia Finishing, Inc. v. Di-Chem, Inc. 419 U.S. 601 (1975).

812.01 - ANNOT.

A proposal for monitoring the impact of increased wage garnishment exemptions under the Wisconsin consumer act. 1974 WLR 466.

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