2010 Wisconsin Code
Chapter 180. Business corporations.
180.1821 Election not to have a board of directors.
180.1821180.1821 Election not to have a board of directors.
180.1821(1)(1) A statutory close corporation may operate without a board of directors if the articles of incorporation contain a statement to that effect. All of the following apply while a statement under this subsection is effective:
180.1821(1)(a)(a) All corporate powers shall be exercised by, or under authority of, and the business and affairs of the corporation shall be managed under the direction of, the shareholders of the corporation, and all powers and duties conferred or imposed upon the board of directors by this chapter shall be exercised or performed by the shareholders.
180.1821(1)(b)(b) Liability that would otherwise be imposed on the directors may not be imposed on a shareholder by virtue of any act or failure to act unless the shareholder was entitled to vote on the action.
180.1821(1)(c)(c) A requirement that an instrument filed with a governmental agency contain a statement that a specified action has been taken by the board of directors is satisfied by a statement that the corporation is a statutory close corporation without a board of directors and that the action was duly approved by the shareholders.
180.1821(1)(d)(d) The shareholders may appoint, by resolution, one or more shareholders to sign documents as "Designated Directors".
180.1821(1)(e)(e) Except as provided in the articles of incorporation:
180.1821(1)(e)1.1. An action requiring director approval or both director and shareholder approval is authorized if approved by the shareholders.
180.1821(1)(e)2.2. An action requiring a vote of a majority or greater percentage of the board of directors is authorized if approved by the majority or greater percentage of the votes of shareholders entitled to vote on the action.
180.1821(2)(a)(a) An amendment to the articles of incorporation to operate without a board of directors must be approved by the holders of all of the shares of the statutory close corporation whether or not otherwise entitled to vote on amendments, or, if no shares have been issued, by all of the subscribers for shares, if any, or if none, by all of the incorporators.
180.1821(2)(b)(b) An amendment to the articles of incorporation to delete the election must be approved by the holders of at least two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the corporation, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not the holders are otherwise entitled to vote on amendments.
180.1821 - ANNOT.History: 1989 a. 303.
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